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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1971 (SND Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

SOCK, v.1, n.2 Also, in sense v., 1., sok, sook (Marw.), sukk (Jak.). Pa.ppl. sukken (Jak.; Ork. 1929 Old-Lore Misc. IX. ii. 77); in sense v., 2., sokk. [sok; Ork. suk]

I. v. 1. tr. and intr. To (cause to) sink or subside (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., 1914 Angus Gl.). Also in n.Eng. dial.; to clash or dash down with violence.Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 115:
He sookid wi a bang Apo the fire wi muckle birr A stately footh o tang.
Sh. 1896 “Junda” Klingrahool (1926) 12:
Whaar thoosands o ships might, ean by ean, Be sukken an' never mair be seen.
Ork. 1904 Dennison Sketches 22:
Sheu ap wi' a hard paet, an' sookid hid on him wi' a vellye.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
De coo is sukken her i' de mire.
Ork. 1929 Marw.:
He sooked the ex intae the head o' the dog.

2. Vbl.n. sokkin(s), sokken, of the tide: the stillness or slackening immediately before it turns (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., 1908 Jak. (1928), 1914 Angus Gl., Sh. 1970).Sh. 1958 Shetland News (30 Dec.) 4:
Slack watter atween da hidmist a da ebb an da first a da flodd wis “da sokken.”

II. n. A wet soggy state of the ground, a mire, into which one may sink (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., 1908 Jak. (1928)); anything thoroughly soaked (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., sukk).

[Norw. dial. søkka, intr., søkkja, tr., (to cause) to sink, of water: to subside. The n. is from the v.]

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"Sock v.1, n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Sep 2023 <>



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