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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1974 (SND Vol. IX). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

TIKE, n.2 Also tyk(e), tyck-, teik-. Sc. forms of Eng. tick, a mattress case, the linen cloth from which these are made. Deriv. tikeing, teikin, tycking, tykan, -en, -in(g), taikin (Cai. 1905 E.D.D.), in the same senses. Sc. usages. [′təik(ɪn)]

1. (1) As in Eng., a mattress-case (Ags. 1721 Court Bk. Regality of Kirriemuir MS. (21 Jan.); Sc. 1784 Session Papers, Petition S. M'Kell (13 July) Proof 4; Edb. 1801 J. Thomson Poems 8, tyke; Ayr. 1821 Galt Annals xix., tikeing; Abd. 1826 D. Anderson Poems 28, teikin; Lnk. 1827 J. Watt Poems 60; Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xxvii., tyken; e.Lth. 1885 S. Mucklebackit Rural Rhymes 12); Edb. 2000s;  the mattress itself (Rxb. 1825 Jam., tyken o the bed, 1923 Watson W.-B., tykin; Edb. 1972), also in comb. tyke-o-bed, tikabed, tickybed (Lnk., Dmf., Rxb. 1972).Slk. 1817 Hogg Tales (1874) 154:
A new tikabed every year.
Rnf. 1826 S.H.S. Miscellany VIII. 157:
Four ticky Beds and a tweel.
Sc. 1829 G. Robertson Recollections 94:
There was a tyke-o-bed of the strongest fabric, well-stuffed with clean oat-chaff.
Sc. 1887 Jam.:
That's the tyke(n) o' the bed: a guid feather tyke(n).
Edb. 1993:
I'll need tae turn the tike.

(2) fig. a fat squat person, esp. of a woman (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., tyke, tykin; Ags. 1972).

2. As in Eng., a strong, usu. blue-striped, linen cloth, esp. as used for bed-ticks (Sc. 1705 J. Spreull Accompt Current (1882) 27, 1720 Burgh Rec. Gsw. (1909) 98, 1723 W. Macfarlane Geog. Coll. (S.H.S.) I. 291, ty(c)king; Abd. 1748 Abd. Journal (5–12 April), tykan; Fif. 1778 D. Loch Tour 21, tyke; Rnf. 1790 A. Wilson Poems 199, tyken; Lnk. 1881 D. Thomson Musings 46; Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 271, tykin; Abd. 1923 J. R. Imray Village Roupie 6, tykin). Freq. attrib.Abd. 1758 Abd. Journal (21 Feb.):
Linen Mancoes, white Tyk for stays.
Per. 1879 P. R. Drummond Bygone Days 190:
Tyking or Osenbrugs — what ye mak' pillows and bowsters o'.

[The diphthongal form, which is in Gen.Sc. usage, is rare and obs. in Eng. and suggests orig. in Mid. Du. tijcke, cushion, mattress, pillow, Du. tijk, ticking, ultim. ad. Lat. theca, Gr. θηκη, a case. O.Sc. tike, 1492, tyking, 1583.]

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"Tike n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Apr 2024 <>



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