A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Grip, n.1 Also: gryp(e, grippe, gripe. [Northern ME. grip (a 1400, but rare), ON. grip. Rare in Eng. use before the 19th c.]

1. A tight hold or grasp (of the hand, etc. upon an object). Also pl. (1) sing. Fra he gat that in his grype [C. gripe, W. grip], He leyt abowt hym quhype for quhype [W. quhip]; Wynt. iii. 293.
Sum hang vpon a takill, … Suin fra thair grip sone weschin with the see; Doug. Pal. Hon. iii. 88.
Thar bewchit ankyrris, ferm of grip; Id. Æn. v. xiv. 92.
Evir the sarar this ern strenys hys gryp; Ib. xi. xiv. 72.
Sum held hir grip quhill all hir lyre wes revin; Stewart 3676.
No man that held ane grip of the cord could gang by the way; Bann. Memor. 106.
Let thou hir slippe, … Thou gettis no grippe agane fra sho be gane; Montg. Misc. P. i. 6.
The deponer clappit to my lord and … gat ane grip of his clok, quhilk he pullit to him; 1608 Crim. Trials III. 45.
Taking a grip of the table to help himself up; Row 331.
(2) plur. ‘Now hald thy grippis’, quod sche, ‘for thy time’; Kingis Q. clxxi.
Lo, how he lyis; we may our grippis waill; Wall. xi. 607.
In his grippis and ye gane, He wald ourcum yow ilkane; Gol. & Gaw. 347.
Thay na grippis thair micht hald for slidder; Doug. Pal. Hon. iii. 489.
Fourtie of thame than festnit hes thair grippis vpoun ane tow; Stewart 56126.
This ilk Douglas … suddantly Thir four ilkane out of his grippis flang; Ib. 56341.
The men lat their gripis gang thair, that he micht gang in him alone; Bann. Memor. 335.
If.he should say ‘Fend thyself, I will hald my grips of thé no longer’; 1637 Rutherford Lett. 223.
fig. Roches sould ryfe, the warld sould hald no grippis; Dunb. Flyt. 15.

b. pl. (with in or to), a close or firm hold of another person, esp. in struggling. Quhai for hir saik … Preiffis maist mychtelye … Sall kis, and withe hir go in grippis; Dunb. liv. 17.
He than saw schir Thomas Erskyne enter in grippis with the erle of Gowrie; 1600–1 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 108/10, 15.
[He] findis his Maiestie and the Maister in grippis; Chron. Kings 161.
Thairefter thai gaid in gripis and tuilȝeit; 1607 Melrose Reg. Rec. I. 54.
When ye come to grips with death, the king of terrors; 1640 Rutherford Lett. 593.

2. fig. Hold, grasp, seizure or control; power or mastery. Al the gretest Of gomys that grip has, … Of baronis and burowis [etc.]; Gol. & Gaw. 1169.
Think neuer agane to dwell at hame, Gif ȝe lat ga that is in ȝour grippis; 1567 Sat. P. v. 40.
Ȝit Chamæleon held the small grip that he had in court; Buch. Wr. 46.
I cair nocht for all the land I hew in this kingdome, in case I get a grip of Dirleton; 1600 Crim. Trials II. 283.

3. A seizure of pain; a pang. That absence els does all my bouells byt, Sik gredie grippis I feell befor I gang; Montg. Misc. P. xlvii. 8.

4. A connecting strip of land. The sea cummis almaist betwix thame, saifand ane small grip of land of the length of twa or thrie pair of buttis, quhilk narrow grip is haldin the march betwix the Iles; Monro W. Isles 22.

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"Grip n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/grip_n_1>

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