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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
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Samin, -yn, adv. Also: -yne, -yng, -en, sammyn(e, -ing. [ME samenn (Orm), samen (c1250), samun (Cursor M.), sammen (c1400), samne (1435); also somen, -yn, -un (c1230–1420); OE *samen, sǫmen, OFris. samin, etc., OS, ON saman. Also ME and e.m.E. in samyn (Cursor M.), in same (a1522), cf. Ysamyn adv.]Only in verse, chiefly early. The common rhyme word is Gamin n.

1. Together. a. In company or association with one another. Also in adv. phr., in samming.(1) 1375 Barb. v 72.
It is gud that we samyn ta Dissese or ese or payne or play
Ib. vi 582.
Samyn held thar [gate] thai twa
a1400 Leg. S. xliv 23.
?1438 Alex. ii 1267.
Had thay lattin thame allane samyn [F. andeus], Thay suld repent thame of the gamyn
Ib. 2714.
Than fleis thow to wod to gamin To sport thé and thy hounds samin
Ib. 3459.
To ȝow all baith samyng and seir, I hecht
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 332 (D).
c1420 Wynt. ix 107.
Off his folk war mony slayne That in that place nere samyn lay
c1450-2 Howlat 275 (A).
Thus argewe thai ernistly wounder oftsys Syne samyn forsuth thai assent haile
Ib. 524.
That thai war samyn ourset
Ib. 883.
And I sall gar thaim [sc. the borrowed feathers] samyn be To growe
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 604.
Garlandis … Thay bair on heid and samin sang sa cleir
Ib. 1076.(b) a1400 Leg. S. i 111.
Than kissit thai [ilk] other sammyne
Ib. vii 97.
To Jerusalem … The appostolis sammyn gadderit ware
Ib. xxxii 329.
Of a bane of his syd … Eve He mad … & syne can say ‘Beis sammyne & grew & multyply'
Ib. xxxix 229.
Thar-fore in erde thai laid thaim sammyn
Ib. l 794.
For thi gret beute & thi wit, & thi gret gentrice sammyn knyt
1513 Doug. v vi 16.
On athir half than gadderis hym about Of Troianys sammyn and Sycilyanys a rowt
Ib. vii 40.
The Troianys with hym sammyn, he and he, Murmuryt … on the ilke wys
Ib. xiii ii 87.
Of Troiane kyn, with blude Italian Sammyn mydlit
Ib. ix iv 42, etc.(2) 15.. Clar. v 1386.
Thir lords to meit the king ar gone in samming [: gaming] And soune thay saw him ryde [etc.]

b. Towards one another. 1375 Barb. ii 352.
Thai straucht thar speris on athir syd And swa ruydly gan samyn ryd
Ib. xx 267.
Thar mycht men se men ryve thar har And comounly knychtis gret full sar And thar newffys oft samyn dryve
?1438 Alex. ii 8432. c1420 Wynt. iv 1631.
As thai suld have sammyn bene Togyddyre runnyn on the grene
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 914.
The rochis reirdit vith the rasch quhen thai samyne rane
1513 Doug. v x 62.

c. Mutually; each other, the one the other. c1420 Wynt. i 358.
And as thai met fyrst in thare gamyn Ilkane brassyd othir samyn
Ib. vii 1754 (W).
The king Henry to Norhame Come and thare the king William As on purpos and trist set Samyn thare togidder met
Ib. v 2034, 2851 (R). c1450-2 Howlat 844 (A).
Thai forthocht that thai faucht Kissit samyn and saucht And sat dovne syne

d. With all: See Alsammyn adv. All the samyn = c. a1500 Colk. Sow i 412.
All the samyn ar thay met trew Be than wes machit on mold [etc.]

2. In Doug., rendering L. simul ‘at the same time’.Sammyn as, just as, as soon as; sammyn with, (at the same time) as or with. 1513 Doug. iii ix 78.
For sammyn as that horribyll fendlish wight Had eyt his fyll [etc.]
Ib. xi xv 137.
Sammyn with that word [L. Simul his dictis] the renȝeis slyp leyt sche

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"Samin adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Dec 2022 <>



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