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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Allege, v.1 Also: alege, ellege; alleyge, alleige (aleig), alliege; (pres. p. allegeand, -ant, allegiand;) allea(d)ge; allage, alage; allegge, alledge. [ME. alegge, allegge (c 1300; later alledge), and alege, allege (later al-, alleage), used in the sense of L. allēgāre, but not phonetically corresponding to it.]

1. tr. With direct object: To cite or quote as an authority; to advance as a reason or statement; to assert or affirm.a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 1032 (that scho alleygit haly wryt). 1456 Hay I. 75/7 (for mony otheris [causes] that may be allegit). 1497 Edinb. B. Rec. 71 (that ignorance be nocht allegit). 1549 Compl. 35/25 (quhar he allegis the prophesye of Helie). 1558 Q. Kennedy Tractive 171 (thir wordis are mankitlie allegit). 1562-3 Winȝet I. 51/5 (be ony titill thai allege thairfor). 1622-6 Bisset I. 81/5 (lawes … to be allegit befoir juges).

2. With clause as object: a. To affirm or assert (that … ).c1420 Wynt. vii. 2227 (the mwnkys allegyd that that electyown fell to thame). 1456 Hay I. 185/20 (the Duk allegis that he is a prince). 1514 Edinb. B. Rec. 147 (it was allegeit that he had brokin … ). 1531 Bell. Boece II. 98 (otheris alliegis thay dang him). 1570 Leslie 22 (the king alleget that the Erle wes preissand to the croun). 1668 Forbes Baron Ct. 273 (he did aleig that he did strike him).

b. Followed by to with inf. or simple predicate.1493 Acta Conc. 305/2 (allegeand him vndouttable lard of the landis). 1496 Ib. II. 5 (allegiand him til haf enteres in the mater). 1505–6 Treas. Acc. III. 181 (allegeand him bastard). 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. 289 (sum sowmes of money allegit debursit be him). 1564 Reg. Privy C. I. 276 (quha allegeit him to be … ).

3. intr. To appeal to or till something.1456 Hay I. 179/29 (the knycht allegis till his sauf condyt). 1478 Acta Conc. 5/2 (the probacioun that Maxwel allegis to). a1500 Henr. Fab. 1050 (scho allegit to ane priuilege).

b. To profess allegiance.Hay I. 95/6 (a citee that allegis to na soverayne).

4. To make an assertion, statement, or claim. Also with inf.1456 Hay I. 274/7 (the tothir party may thus allege). 1490 Acta Aud. 142/1 (Thomas Were allegiit to haf a werrand). 1493 Dunferm. B. Rec. 42 (as he ellegit). 1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 249/2 (to the quhilkis M.W. allegis to be ayer). a1568 Scott xxx. 24 (sum allegeand to excusit = excuse it).

b. To advance as a suggestion or opinion. 1531 Bell. Boece I. 245.
Sum allegit, howbeit victory succedit, to assailye nocht the chance of fortoun ony forthir

*5. Illustration of later spellings.(a) 1544 Lennox Mun. 245 (as is allageit). 1545 Douglas Corr. 157 (ȝe vald not alage no falis in me). [1560 Rolland Seven S. 1647 has allege rhyming with outrage].(b) 1558-66 Knox II. 365 (sche alledged hir self to have bein … ). 1563 Davidson Answer 187 (as the Papistes alledgit). a1578 Pitsc. I. 14/17 (alledging that he had … ). 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Actilia (vthers alledgis … ). a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 795 L. (as Will alleggit).(c) 1583 St. A. Baxter Bks. 35 (alleageand that … ). 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Bastardus (Palæolus alleagis it … ). 1598 Ellon Presb. 8 (alleaged he had communicated). 1626 Garden Worthies 54 (other some alleadge that … ).

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"Allege v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 May 2024 <>



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