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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Apperand, Appeirand, pr. pple. and ppl. adj. Also: apperande, -iand, aperand(e, apparand; appeirand(e, appeyrand, ap(p)irand, appearand(e. [Appere v. Cf. Apperant adj. and Perand adj.]

1. Appearing to sight; visible.c1420 Wynt. vi. 1424 (a cerkill was sene apperand as off bras). 1489 Peebles B. Rec. 153 (efter the skathyng apperand in hyr persoun).

2. Apparent to observation or notice; evident; likely (to be or befall) to all appearance. (Common in 15–16th cent.)1375 Barb. i. 83 (the skaith that towart thaim wes apperand). c1420 Wynt. vii. 1628 (dyssentyown was apperand betwene the fadyr and the swne). 1456 Hay I. 88/26 (till eschew perile apperand). c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 305 (I wes apperand to be pert). 1533 Bell. Livy II. 76/23 (it is mare apperand that … ). 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 21 (seing the miserie sa greit apperand). a1578 Pitsc. I. 30/14 (quhilk was maist appeirand to be trew).

b. In adjectival use.1436–7 Edinb. B. Rec. 5 (for till eschew apperand greitt skaith). 1448 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 16 (anent the apperande wer to cum). a1500 Seven S. 638 (his son that to the crovne had apperand successioun). 1529 Edinb. B. Rec. 13 (greit apperand perell and scaith). 1562-3 Winȝet I. 77/2 (clockand ȝour apperand malice). 1596 Dalr. II. 111/20 (appeirand weiris). 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. 55 (ane appeirand husband).

3. Apperand air, air apperand, an apparent heir; ‘the person to whom the succession has actually opened’ (Bell). (Common in 15–16th cent.)(1) 1375 Barb. iv. 71.
He callit his son till him … , The eldest and apperande air
a1400 Leg. S. xxxii. 64.
He had … a dochtir farly fayre, That wes his anerly aperand are
c1420 Wynt. vii. 1153.
He wes … Apperand ayre till oure kynryk
a1500 Rauf C. 932.
Scho is appeirand air To twa Douchereis
1518 Peebles B. Rec. 46.
Johne of Gledstanis, his nevoy and apperand air
1542 Reg. Privy S. II. 742/1.
Maister of Hume, sone and apperand are of George Lord Hvme
1596 Paisley B. Rec. 185.
James Urie … his lynall descendant, appeirand lawfull air to the said umquhile James
1605 Crim. Trials II. 465.
Sone and appeirand air mail and of tailȝie
1661 Acts VII. 63/2.
The appearand air when he is served & retoured air
1695 Ib. IX. 430/1.
Understanding that Parents … do restrain … their children and appearand heirs
(2) 1420 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 182.
Valter Stewart the sone and ayire appirand
c1420 Wynt. vii. 2438.
The ayre apperand Nest to the kynryk off Ingland
1482 Edinb. Chart. 146.
The first begottin son and are apperand to oure Souerane Lord
1521 Dunferm. B. Rec. 102.
Youngar sone and air aperand to the forsaid Villiem of his land

4. ellipt. An heir-apparent of (or to) a specified person or place. (Common in later 16th cent.) 1466 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 396.
Quhethir … Alexander has grunde rytht in or to the saide office … as apperande
1565 Bamff Chart. 94.
Petir the Haye, aperand of Meginche [etc.]
1577–8 Mun. Univ. Glasg. I. 114.
James Meldrum apperande of Segy
1593 Wemyss Chart. 217.
Jhone Lundie, appeirand of that ilk
1626 Black Bk. Taymouth 63.
Johne Gordoun appeirand of Bukkie
c1650 Spalding II. 444.
Thair wes killit … Mr. Dougall appearand of Rara
1667 Highland P. II. 54.
The corpes of the appearand of Tulloch ... they buried in Lochcarron

Apperand pres. p., ppl. adj.

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