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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Brandreth, Brandrie, n. Also: brandrethe, -eretht, -(e)rath, -raith, -red, -ry. Cf. Brandraucht, Brandreise and Brander. [Northern ME. (and e.m.E.) brandrethe, branderith (1400), ON. brandreið (OE. brandrád, -red(a, -rida).]

1. A gridiron. 1373 Exch. R. II. 450.
In vno brandreth
14.. Acts I. 44/2.
A caldrone, a ketill, a brandreth
c1420 Wynt. viii. 7007.
Till this Jak Bonhowme he made a crown Off a brandreth all red hate
1490 Acta Conc. 131/2.
It wes allegit … that the siluer lawer, brandrethe and rakkis were the said abbot of Melrose elikwise
c1500 Rowll Cursing 116.
Sum with brandrathis [M. branderathis] birnand reid
1510 Stirlings of Keir 293.
In the kyching … a brandraith of irne
1539 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) No. x. (Scott, etc.).
Ane gret spete, branderetht, and rakkis for ane kicheing

2. A framework resembling a gridiron.(a) 1533 Bell. Livy I. 111/21.
Thai band ane brandreth of irne with mony grete stanys to his crag
Ib. II. 121/22.
Commandand ane certane of thame … to be slane vnder brandreth of irne
1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 1159.
For iij greit geistis, to be ane pairte of the new brandreth for uphaldin of the rufe of the volt
1563–4 Ib. I. 452.
Ane fir gist and ane braid daill … to be ane burd and ane brandreth to it
1586 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 254.
To brek the wall of the stepill … for inputting of the tymmer to vphald the brandred
(b) 1530 M. Works Acc. I. 37 b.
iij gestis … for ane brandry to the northt round … in the chapill
1535–6 Ib. IV. 65.
Auld schip tymmer for certane spilis and brandry to the ground of the fore entre
1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 160.
The making of the new brandrie for uphalding of the cuppill feit above the lange mid volt
1607–8 Mun. Univ. Glasg. III. 558.
For sawing of ane daill and the brandry of ane buird

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"Brandreth n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Jul 2024 <>



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