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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Burd(e)clath(e, Buirdclaith, n. Also: bwrth, buyrd, buir and clath(t, claith(t, clayth(t, cleith, cleth, pl. clais; burcleth, bor(d)claith, boordclath, boardcleath; buird-, boordcloth, buird-, bordcloyth. [e.m.E. bourde cloth (1552), ME. boorde clothe, early ME. bord cloð (c 1200). App. rare in Eng. use compared with Sc.] A table-cloth.(a) 1478 Acta Aud. 83/1.
A burd claith; a sark
1502 Acta Conc. MS. XII. 83 b.
Ane burd clath of linnyng
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 206.
Oft for ane caus thy burd claith neidis no spredding
1516 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 161.
Ane burdclath of dorne werk
1521 Fife Sheriff Ct. 222.
The thyftwys steilling … of ane burd claytht
1530 Lindores Chart. 32.
Fyf pairs of schets, … ane new bwrth clath
1548 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 136.
Ane lynnyng burdclath and ane towell
1558 Rentale Dunkeld. 353.
For xxvj ellis cammes to be burdclais
1561 Inv. Wardrobe 141.
Ane burd claith of violett broun velvot
1562 6th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 649/1.
Of Dornik burcleth v, … of linning burdcleth iij
1564 Invent. Q. Mary 58.
Ane burdclaith of claith of gold reingyeit with reid
1567 Bamff Chart. 70.
The haill nepry and coveris of the thre burdis with thair burd clathis and servottis
1580 Coll. Hist. Aberd. & B. 392.
Thre lytill grein burde cleithis for chalmeris
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI 143.
He fortounit to espye a hoill in the burdclaith
1605 Edinb. Test. XL. 269.
Ane burd claytht of lynning
(b) 1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 176.
The pantre witht … iij ald buyrdclathis of hardin all riffin
1560 Rolland Seven S. 145/21.
Ane key ȝe sall into the buirdclaith knit
1562 Will Agnes Betoun 224.
x buirdclayths of small lyning
1569 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 261.
Ane Dornik buird clayth
1580 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 36.
Twa buirclaythtis
1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 236.
The communioun claithis … contening … aucht lang buird claithis [etc.]
1616 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 84.
The kirk officier … to gett grene buirdclaythis … for serving of the saids buirds
attrib. 1583 Edinb. Test. XIII. 76 b.
Twa buirdclaith wobbis of lynning
(c) 1498 Halyb. 159.
Item 24 ellis borclathis, cost 4 s. the ell
1561 Inv. Wardrobe 129.
Foure bordclaithis of Scottis lyning
Ib. 150.
Twa great mekle bordclaithis of dornik
a1598 Ferg. Prov. 106.
Quhen the good man is fra hame, the boardcleaths tint
1630 Bamff Chart. 223.
Twa grein boord claths, ane for the hall boord and the uther for the chamber boord
(d) 15.. Clar. v. 109.
The buird cloth of the samin was but dreid
1609 Wemyss Chart. MS.
Twa damask bord cloythis. Ane damask buird cloyth
1656 S. Leith Rec. 105.
The comunion boord clothes

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"Burdclath n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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