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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Fend(e, Feind, n. Also: feynd(e, feyind, fieind, fient. [ME. fende, fend, OE. féond, ON. fíande, fjánde.]

1. An evil spirit; a devil, demon.(a) 1375 Barb. iv. 224.
For fendis ar of sic nature, That thai to mankynd has invy
a1400 Leg. S. vi. 660.
Than al the prestis gef a ȝell, As thai had bene fendis of hell
Ib. ix. 16.
In that ydol duelt … A fend
c1450-2 Howlat 741.
For thi frute make ws fre Fro fendis that fell is
1456 Hay II. 65/3.
All syk thinges are bot janglyng of fendis that fleis in the ayre
1513 Doug. iii. ix. 70.
I saw that cruel fend … Thar lymmys ryfe
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxii. 131.
A feynd thane til hyme can he cal
Ib. 202.
Cypriane … ane vthir feynd can call
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 318/6.
Crist that ourthrewe the feyndis and maide fre mannis saull
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 252.
Lucifers laid, fowll feyindis face infernall
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 5.
Me thocht amangis the feyndis fell Mahoun gart cry ane dance
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5962.
Pas … In cumpany with feindis fell In euerlestyng fyre of Hell
a1605 Montg. Son. lxiii. 7.
Quhat furious feynd inflamde thee so to flyte?
1611-57 Mure Son. xi. 15.
Till the feinds this fyre brand fetch

2. spec. The Devil.(a) a1400 Leg. S. ix. 150.
As the fend our-come the man That of the froit had etyne thane
c1450-2 Howlat 746.
The fende is our felloune fa
1456 Hay I. 13/25.
Sen the fende fell out of heven
c1460 Consail Wys Man 450.
Quhen thow thiself accusis heir, The fend of thé has na powere
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1515.
The fende, the flesche, & wycis mundiale
c1515 Asl. MS. II. 246/23.
Owt of the fendis bandis & his brace Now, gloryus lady, helpe
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvii 61 (A).
Than forty tymis the fend cryit fy
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 184.
Of his wil set ded he tuk, To wyne ws frathe feyndis cluk
1490 Irland Mir. I. 167/19.
The feynd … That in await lyith for to caucht me
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 23.
To gar me ryme and rais the feynd in flyting
1536 Lynd. Answ. Flyting 43.
I giue ȝour counsale to the feynd of hell
c1552 Id. Mon. 1047.
It was the feynd, full of dispyte, Of Adamis fall quhilk had the wyte
1570 Sat. P. xii. 200.
The Feynd mak cair, I say na mair
1603 Philotus cxxvii.
The feind resaue the lachters a

3. Used as a negative. Cf. Devil 1 e.In later dialect common in the form feint, as in quot. 1673. 1538 Lynd. Justing 30.
The feind ane thing I can se bot the lift
1540 Id. Sat. 183.
The feind a faster I micht gang
a1568 Scott xxv. 8.
Feind a crum of thé scho fawis
1570 Sat. P. xii. 189.
War scho heir, I tak na feir, The feynd aby we set her
1633 Lithgow Poet. Rem. 107.
Fiend a bit, Fiend take you, the Diuell an inch!
1657 Dunferm. Kirk S. 49.
Thomas Trumble … being askit … quhair he was going answerit, fend a bitt he wald tell
1673 Bk. Pasquils 201.
Fient ane of you I fear, now I see clear

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"Fend n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2024 <>



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