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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

In, adv. [ME. in, OE. in(n (of motion), and ME. and OE. inne (orig. of position only).] In; within.

1. Of motion or direction inwards. Freq. preceding the verb.(1) 1375 Barb. v. 386.
Douglas com to the ȝet, And enterit in
1482 Edinb. Chart. 167.
Bringand … ony gudis in or out at the port of Leith
1488 Lanark B. Rec. 2.
For … settyn in of the bar and nailis
a1500 K. Hart 381.
Than new desyr … Come rinnand in
1540 Edinb. Chart. 210.
The supplicatioun gevin in be Thomas Richartsoun
15.. Wyf Awcht. 31.
Ay as ȝe gang furth & in
1570 St. A. Kirk S. 339.
Gyf ony abuse was cropin in
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 766 (T).
Eit it in
1590 Burel Pilgr. i. xxx.
I hapnit in ane wildernes Quhair I chanst to gang in be ges
(2) 1436 Coll. Aberd. & B. 394.
The … assise … bade furth lang space and … in come agayn
c1450-2 Howlat 711.
Syne … in come the menstralis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 259.
Thai fande the toune, and in gladly can gang
a1500 Rauf C. 642.
In that hardy … haikit to that hall
a1500 Buke Chess 2120.
The place that he is first in set
a1540 Freiris Berw. 154.
His knok scho kend and did so him in lett
1559 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 32.
Being returnit and in enterit [sc. into jail] agane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7389.
[They] Raisit vp ankeris and cabillis in thay drew
1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 153.
Out gais the hergbut, in the cannon glydis
(3) 1513 Doug. ii. iv. 50.
Thai … crap in vnder the feit of the goddes
a1500 K. Hart 318.
The melodie … sweitlie can redound In at his eir
1560 Rolland Seven S. 8007.
In at bosum and sine out at ȝour sleif
1563 Digest Justiciary Proc. E. 5.
[He] woundit the said Mr. Archibald … in at his haunche
1661 Black Sc. Witches 36.
Thow … come in wpon me quhill I was asleipe in bed
(4) c1420 Wynt. iii. 869.
In here, in here!
1570 Misc. Bann. C. I. *46.
Ye man come in thair and be bawld amonges thaim

b. In by, Into the house; further in towards the interior of the house. 1643 Misc. Abbotsf. C. I. 175.
Thow sitting in the hous, steppit in by, to goe neir to Thomas Corse, quhair he lay
1649 Rec. Old Aberd. II. 36.
Isobel comes in by
1688 Peebles B. Rec. II. 126.
Let me in by to the witch theif

2. In an inwards direction; inward or hitherward. 1498 Treas. Acc. I. 391.
To Richard Wallas, passand with the preceptis of the chekker fra the Month in

3. Of position within; also, in the house, at home.See also Hald v. 18, for further examples of to hald in.(1) ?1438 Alex. i. 1492.
He fell doun deid, na life was in
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 718.
In that stalwart stour thay styth men in stude
a1500 Rauf C. 94.
Undo the dure beliue! Dame, art thow in?
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 289.
The making of the stane dike … to hauld in the watter [of the North Loch]
(2) 15.. Clar. v. 1180.
So monie of them thair steidis lay in under
1595 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 7 a.
For drink to the temermen that worycht ine abord

b. To hald in, to hold back, restrain. 1585 Glasgow Prot. IX. 151.
Wer nocht he was haldin in [he] had slane me thairwith

4. In and out. a. Inside and outside, the whole of it, throughout, altogether. b. Inwards and outwards, alternately in and out (of motion).a. c1420 Wynt. iii. 942.
Falaris … Sawe this welle, bath in and owt
Ib. i. 538 (C).
Paradys … is circulit all about With wallis of fyre in and out
1627 Paterson Ayr & Wigt. III. 258.
The inventar of the defuncts guids, geir, debts awand in and out
1660 Melrose Reg. Rec. I. 280.
Pasturage of sowmes extending to threttie sex, in and out
b. 1571 Prot. Bk. J. Robeson 116.
Provyding … the said Johnne Conynghame beir the awenture of the said halfe quartar of the said schipe be the way in and out
1580 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 77.
Hawand his hand on his quhinger raggand it halflines in and out
1596 Dalr. I. 55/29.
Schipis may sail baith in and out without al danger

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"In adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 30 Jan 2023 <>



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