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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ithand, Ythand, adj. Also: ithande, ythen, itchand. [North. ME. Iþen, -in (Cursor M.), ON. iðinn. Cf. Idand.]

1. Of persons and their actions: Assiduous, diligent, persistent; busy, energetic.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xl. 204.
Denote als in oracione, & ful ithand in lessone
a1500 K. Hart 34.
Thir war the inwarde ythand seruitouris Quhilk gouernouris war vnto this nobill king
1513 Doug. iv. vii. 77.
[They] weltis down in woddis gret mastis, and na thing sparis, … so ithand thai war fair bown
1533 Bell. Livy II. 214/17.
The batall of Veanis … nedis … ane ythand … garnisoun
1607 Inverness Rec. II. 57.
Ane itchand drunckert
(2) 1375 Barb. III. 285.
Men may se be his ythen will … That [etc.]
a1500 Henr. Orph 545 (A).
Thair … ythand thochtis, and thair besynes to gadder gold
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xvvi. 115 (B).
Thir birdis … Singand of luif … Quhois ythand pleid in to my thocht is grene
Id. lxxiii. 12 (M).
Anone cummis the nicht Quhilk dois thé follow with ane ythand chaise
1513 Doug. iv. vii. 90.
Euery rod and went Wolx of thair ithand wark hait
1532 Reg. Privy S. II. 190/1.
[He] sustenis divers infirmiteis … cumin of cauld throw his ythand and deligent lawbouris maid in our service
1531 Bell. Boece I. 13.
The Scottis … war daily … with bow and arrowis, in ithand exercition
1570 Sat. P. xix. 90.
Hudge is ȝour faes … , With ithand trystis contractand vp new bandis To bring ȝow to schame
1570 Mar & Kellie MSS. 24.
My travellis continewis ythand in the cause of England

2. Constant, uninterrupted, continual, continuous.(1) c1420 Wynt. i. 1407.
Sex moneth off wyntyre ay Wytht-in that yle is ythand nycht, Wytht-owtyn ony dayis lycht
Ib. v. 5372.
In hys tyme gret raynis fell Wytht thyk ythand schowrys
a1500 Rauf C. 27.
Ithand wedderis of the eist draif on sa fast
1513 Doug. xiii. viii. 201.
Quhen the gret ithand weit or rayn, From the clowdis furth ȝet … Haldis the husbandis ydill aganys thar will
1533 Boece xi. iv. 411 b.
The are was … mystye, with ithand wynd and fyreflanchtis
(2) 1531 Bell. Boece (M) I. 28.
Thir pepill … war devidit in two opiniouns, betuix quhom was ithand battallis
Ib. II. 229.
Followit sa ithand incursionis, heirschippis, and slauchter
Ib. (1821) I. 320.
Than, for laik of justice, sall be ithand slauchteris
1533 Boece iii. viii. 103 b.
Thareeftir followit frequent and ythand barganis

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"Ithand adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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