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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ivil(l, n. Also: iwil(l, -yll, ivell; yvill (see Bed-evil n.). [North. and midl. ME. ivel, ifel, also yvel, ywel, OE. yfel. Cf. Evill n. As with the adj. and adv., found only, (1) in the earliest texts (before c 1420), and (2) in late 16th c. and 17th c. use as a late variant of Evill.Like evil(l, these forms of the n., adj., and adv., were sometimes written in pvace of ill: see the note on Ill n.]

= Evill. n., Ill n., in various senses.(1) 1375 Barb. xix. 208 (E).
His iwill ay woux mar and mar
a 1400 Bute MS. fol. 173.
It fallys that ivil cummys suddanly to schipmen doand thair servijs, he may nocht ly lang in the schyp
14.. Acts I. 41/2.
He … sal suer … that nevir ivyll of hym he wate
c 1420 Liber Calchou 448.
Her hegynnys a nobyl tretyse … for medicene agayne the pestilens iwyll
Ib. 449.
Than this iwil cumys thus
1634 Edinb. B. Rec. VII 153.
Ane customable practique … the continuance wherof may breid many ivellis
(2) 1375 Barb. iv. 735 (E).
Men, kyndly till iwill gewyn, Throw thar gret wit away has drewyn Thar ill
Ib. viii. 254.
Thare-off eftyr fell gret iwill [C. ill; : will]
c1420 Wynt. viii. 4286.
Chyldyr, that na kyndly skyll Had to deme betwyx gud and iwyll [C. il]
Ib. viii. 5195.
None till othir mycht do iwill [v.rr. ill; : till]

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"Ivil n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Jun 2024 <>



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