A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.
Ivil(l, n. Also: iwil(l, -yll, ivell; yvill (see Bed-evil n.). [North. and midl. ME. ivel, ifel, also yvel, ywel, OE. yfel. Cf. Evill n. As with the adj. and adv., found only, (1) in the earliest texts (before c 1420), and (2) in late 16th c. and 17th c. use as a late variant of Evill.Like evil(l, these forms of the n., adj., and adv., were sometimes written in pvace of ill: see the note on Ill n.]
= Evill. n., Ill n., in various senses.(1) 1375 Barb. xix. 208 (E).
His iwill ay woux mar and mar a 1400 Bute MS. fol. 173.
It fallys that ivil cummys suddanly to schipmen doand thair servijs, he may nocht ly lang in the schyp 14.. Acts I. 41/2.
He … sal suer … that nevir ivyll of hym he wate c 1420 Liber Calchou 448.
Her hegynnys a nobyl tretyse … for medicene agayne the pestilens iwyll Ib. 449.
Than this iwil cumys thus — 1634 Edinb. B. Rec. VII 153.
Ane customable practique … the continuance wherof may breid many ivellis(2) 1375 Barb. iv. 735 (E).
Men, kyndly till iwill gewyn, Throw thar gret wit away has drewyn Thar ill Ib. viii. 254.
Thare-off eftyr fell gret iwill [C. ill; : will] c1420 Wynt. viii. 4286.
Chyldyr, that na kyndly skyll Had to deme betwyx gud and iwyll [C. il] Ib. viii. 5195.
None till othir mycht do iwill [v.rr. ill; : till]
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