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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Jedwart-, Jedward-, Jedworth-staf(f, n. Also: Jedwo(r)d-, Jedurt-, Jetward- and pl. -staiffis, -stavis, stalves. [Jedwart, etc., is the other name for Jedburgh. Cf. also Gedward Staf.] A local variety of bill. = Jedburgh(t)-staf(f. 1521 J. Major Hist. v. iii.
[Lanceis fractis … & baculis ferratis Jedwardiae
Ferrum chalybeum 4 pedibus longum in robusti ligni extremo Jedwardienses artifices ponunt
1513 Acta Conc. MS. XXVI. 12.
Fensable wappinnis sic as speris, Leithe axis, and Jedwart stavis
1514 Irvine Mun. I. 35.
Speris, axis, halbertis, Jedworth stavis [etc.]
1515 Treas. Acc. V. 46.
Lettrez … for … schereffis … of the haill realme for putting doun of Jedwart stavis and for using of speris, axis, halbertis [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I. 225.
[He] draif him throw the body with ane iedward staff
1548 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 139.
Apprehenso … in sna mann vocato sermone scotica ane Jedwart staff, gallice ane jefflyng
1561 Misc. Maitl. C. III. 278.
And for the sam caws of set purpos the person had Jedwod staiffis in the qweyr
1593 Edinb. B. Rec. VI. 101.
Provydet with lang wawpounis sic as halberts or Jedwart staffis
1746 J. Row Sermon 5.
In they came with halbarts and Jetward stalves

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"Jedworth-staf n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 9 Dec 2023 <>



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