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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Kyth(e, v. Also: cythe; kyith(e, kyeth; kith(e; kaith, kayth, caith. P.t. and p.p. kythit, -ed, kithit, -ed, kyitht, etc.; kyth'd, kith'd; kyid, kyed; kyth, kyith, kith; kid, kyd(e. [ME. kythe, kithe, kyþe, kiþe (Western and southern cupe(n, cuipe(n, etc., southern and eastern keþe(n, kethe), p.t. kyþ-, kiþ-, kyth-, kithed and kyd(de, kid(de (also Western kudde, cudde, south-eastern kedde), p.p. y-)kid(de, -kyd(de, and kyth-, kithed (also Western ikud(d, icud, eastern kedd(e), OE. cýðan, kýðan, to make known, esp. in words, p.t. cýðde, cydde, p.p. ᵹe)cýped. After c 1530 only northern and, chiefly, Sc. Cf. also Keth(e v. and Kid ppl. a.The rhymes confirm the vowel of p.t. and p.p. kid, kyd(e as ĭ. The form kyed, kyid, (also spelt kyth'd), reduced from kythed, is also confirmed in rhyme.]

1. tr. To show, dislplay, reveal (a quality, condition or feeling) by one's behaviour; to manifest, to give proof of possessing.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xii. 235.
For to kyth the gret grace That in hyme ay habundand was
?1438 Alex. ii. 4021.
Thare bird the worthy kyth valour
1513 Doug. xii. xii. 82.
Wenyng to caucht a stound hys strenth to kyth
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 111/4.
Sa sall ye not onlie be best seruid … bot farther ye sall kythe youre thankefull memorie of youre father
1608 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 136.
Kything the malice of my hart by the vttering of onreverent speiches
1614 Highland P. III. 149.
That [he] … sould kyth his constant fauour … toward thame by his dilligence in dealing for a … seclurite
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æn. i. 492.
Some grave in brasse; sum kyth their craft in stone
1639 Baillie I. 227.
Try … how they kythe their opposition
1644 Argyll Synod I. 89.
The abilities which they kyth upon the subjects aftermentionat
(b) 1531 Bell. Boece (M) I. 170/25.
Latt ws kyith oure manhede and strenth apon oure inimeis
1530 Lynd. Test. Pap. 288.
Amang the rest, schir, lerne to be ane kyng: Kyith on that craft thy pringnant fresche ingyne
1620 Melrose P. 374.
All honnest hairtit subiectis will kyithe thair goode affectionis
(c) 1594 Stirling B. Rec. I. 86.
As ye will kith your zeall toward the effectuating of materis importing sa heichlie to religioun
(d) 1620 Haddington Corr. 224.
Then euery ane may kayth his … affectioun to his maiestie
1661–5 Sel. Biog. II. 72.
It is but a scorn for them to speak of sympathie that is not ready to caith it in doing
(b, c) c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlvi. 46.
O, quhithir wes kythit thair tew lufe or none
1596 Crim. Trials I. ii. 363.
The Kingis maiestie haueing oftymes tane grit panes … for quieting of the troublit estate of the North Cuntrey, kytheit be the effectis that followit vpoun the personis … of the principall authouris
1638 Adamson Muses Thr. (1638) 37.
Every part. Where any brave Vitruvius kyth'd his art
a1650 Row 438.
He kythed such great gifts
? 1662 Postscript for Lysimachus Nicanor 2.
Sundrie provincials have not all their dayes kythed such cunning as you already
(b) 1593 Caldwell P. I. 87.
Considering ȝour guid affectione and obedience kyithit towardis ws from tyme to tyme
1603 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 51.
Ȝour maiesties wisdome and foir sicht kyithed heirtofoir in the lyke maters
(c) a1500 Henr. Fab. 191 (B).
The hairtly cheir, Lord God, gife ȝe had sene, Was kyid [Asl. kythit] quhen thir sisteris twa wer met
c1590 Fowler I. 190, § lii. 6.
Suppose I payne in this my constant vayne, Which is bot vayne, though it be constant kythd [: assyde, denyed, spyde, hyde, etc.]
(d) a1400 Leg. S. xxi. 820.
Rycht sa til ws his mycht he kyth [: blyth]
a1500 Henr. Fab. 191 (Ch.).
The hartlie joy … [which] Beis kith [H. kyth]
(e) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii. 564.
Lowand Hyme that in opyne sycht For hyme had kyd sa mykil mycht
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1145.
As God his powar kyd in creacioun

b. To disclose (a hidden feeling or purpose). ?1438 Alex. ii. 10410.
For I knaw weill, thocht thow na kyth, Thy hart
1586 Reg. Privy C. IV. 83.
Quhill it sall pleis God kyith forder of his will and plesure towardis thame
c1610 Melville Mem. 40.
Causing him to … conceaue a secret hatrent … quhilk the K. durst not yet kyeth

c. ? To show, or manifest in action, one's awareness (that something is the case). a1500 Rauf C. 107.
Dame, kyith I am cummin hame, and kendill on ane fire

d. To display, exhibit, exercise (some activity or power). 1637 Baillie I. 6.
The Thesaurer, who now guides our Scotts affairs with the most absolute sovereigntie that any subject among us this fourtie yeares did kyth
1638 Adamson Muses Thr. (1638) 49.
Then freshly fell we to't again of new; And kyth most skilful and most pleasant game

2. With non-personal subject: To reveal, make known (esp., some inward quality of a person). 1598 James VI Basil. Doron 113/1.
The contraire valde kythe in you ouir greate a contempt of me, & lichtnes in youre awin nature
1622-6 Garden in Bisset I. 22/12.
Thy computationis kyth and do declaire, To manifest our monumentis, thy mynde
a1650 Row 538.
Quhatsoever shall kyth reformatione, as sundrie good things are enacted since 1638, … I wish it were not interpreted a breach of Covenant
a1670 Scot Staggering State 85.
His government not as yet kything the dulnes and sottishness of his engine

3. a. To exhibit, show (some inward quality or condition) by one's outward appearance. b. To show (sign or signs, of a condition). c. To kythe cair on oneself, to show or give vent to, grief or sorrow.a. 1619 Sel. Biog. (W.S.) I. 100.
He began to kyth his sickness the first of March, and departed the last of March
b. 1513 Doug. vii. Prol. 5.
Bryght Phebus … Kythyng [Sm. Kithing] no syng of heyt be hys vissage
1600-1610 Melvill 221.
Wherby he quicned and kythed signes of lyff
c. a1500 Henr. Fab. 2471.
To brek ȝour hart for baill it is na bute, For ane deid doig ȝe na cair on ȝow kyith
a1570-86 Maitl. F. cxxx. 20.
Wanweird, scho said, Quhat haue I wrocht That on me kythit hes all this cair?

4. To display (kindness, favour, or the like, or their opposites) to a person, by one's acts or behaviour; to accord or bestow (a kindness, etc.). Const. to, towards, on, apon (upon), for (the person), or dative pronoun.(a) c1420 Wynt. i. 622.
Bot fra hys wyll quhen that we wryth, Quhy sulde he hys gracys kyth Till ws?
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1212.
I mak that knawin … his grete kyndnes, The countirpas to kyth to him gif I can
a1568 Bann. MS. 132 a/22.
Kyndnes to kyth I salbe blyth
a1599 Rollock Wks. I. 349.
Quhen he began to kyith his love on us
1615 Conv. Burghs III. 8.
Whan occatione sall offer, quhairin they may kythe thair freindle dewtie ether to himself or anye his bairns
1655 Brodie Diary 163.
That the Lord would kyth his power. truthe [etc] … on a poor affflicted creature
(b, c) a1400 Leg. S. xxix. 60.
A knycht … To quham God ferlifully Kythit his mychtis & his mercy
?1438 Alex. ii. 8292.
The folke of Grece to Gaudefere Kythit mekill thanke
c1409-1436 Kingis Quair lvi.
The treson … That to thy sister … Was kythit by hir husband false and fell
c1475 Wall. viii. 1726.
The rych reward … That for your sake he kythyt apon me
1533 Boece viii. iii. 252.
Like as I may persave be humanite kithit apoun me be the noblis
1622 Haddington Corr. 140.
Your lordships fauoure and loue now kyitheit to me
1639 Baillie I. 145.
This stay was the greatest ground of all the wrath his majestie since has kythed towards him
1649 Gen. Assembly II. 275.
[God] hath caithed tenderness to His owne glory
1675 Sel. Biog. II. 198.
I would never have kythed so much for him as I do now
(b) c1475 Wall. i. 10.
Our ald ennemys … That neuyr ȝeit to Scotland wald do gud, … Quhow gret kyndnes thar has beyne kyth thaim till
(c) 1535 Stewart 58310.
Baith nunnis and frieris sic kyndnes to thame kid
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii. 790.

b. To kythe (= give) comfort (conforting). c1500 Crying of Play 106.
I come heire comfort ȝouw to kyth
a1568 Bann. MS. 225 b/16.
That brycht fra baill ma me bring To kyth on me sum conforting
a1570-86 Maitl. F. xxxv. 4.
Scho sat and nothing said And comfort none could kyth
1567 G. Ball. 46.
Christ hes vs kyithit gret conforting

c. To kyth cure or curis, to devote or give careful attendance. c1450-2 Howlat 695.
With all curis of cost that cukis couth kyth
a1500 Seven S. 320.
He chargit his gardinare to kyth All cure with erd that ware birthy
1528 Lynd. Dreme 1050.
Tyll Dame Fortune thow nedis no procurature For scho hes lairglie kyith on thé hir cure

5. To expose to the view, display, show, in concrete applications. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 488.
Ilk knyght his cunysance kithit full cleir
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 433.
As the new mone … Kythis quhilis hir cleir face through cluddis of sable
1513 Doug. vii. Prol. 56.
Brovne muris kythit thar wysnyt mossy hew
Ib. xii. Prol. 124.
The roys knoppys, tutand furth thar hed, Gan chyp, and kyth thar vermel lippys red
Ib. xiii. viii. 27.
Gif brycht Tytan … kythis hys goldyn bemys in the ayr
15.. Clar. iv. 38.
[The King] Commandit him his creddence for to kyth

6. a. In religious language, To show or exhibit (a ‘sign’ or marvel). b. Chiefly, To work or perform (a miracle).(a) a1400 Leg. S. xl. 765.
The merwalis … That he kithis one sare & seke
1456 Hay I. 257/11.
As God suld at synfull mannis request kythe miracle
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxviii. 37.
In erd ȝe kyth sic mirakillis heir, In hevin ȝe salbe sanctis full cleir
16.. Melrose P. 316.
He is able … to kythe miracles
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xv. 216.
Thare that relyke lang lay hyde Bot God fore it sic merwale kyde That [etc.]
1535 Stewart 23124.
To tell … The grit wonder and miraclis that tha kid
(b) 1551 Hamilton Cat. 89.
Our salviour … kythit his first mirakil in the Cane of Galile
1622-6 Bisset II. 44/13.
(c) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 206.
[God] that had kyd sic ferly, & schewit thare sa mikil mycht
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 436.
The tothyre myrakle thus was kyd
1535 Stewart 53065.
On thame that tyme … sic miracle wes kyd
(b) 1531 Bell. Boece II. 176.
Thir haly martiris … ar haldin yit in gret veneration … and daily miracles kithit be thame
1533 Boece iii. vii. 102.
Diuers myrakillis … at birth of oure saluatoure war kythit
1558-66 Knox I. 39.
For yf ye knew what miracles war kithed thaire ye wold neyther thank God nor our Lady
1590-1 Bruce Serm. 197.
The King he seeketh a signe, … the Lord granteth a signe, … the signe is wrought and kythed, not be the power of the prophet, but be the vertue of God
Ib. 199.

7. To make known or reveal by words, to declare. b. I kythe, I declare, I avow. c1450-2 Howlat 235.
Confes cleir can I nocht, nor kyth all the cas
Ib. 622.
I durst nocht kyth to copy All other armes thar by
1472 Lindores A. 165.
The forsayd Archbalt bownde be his hand to kyth that the co[n]sell am[erciat]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxi. 2.
Quhome to sall I complene my wo, And kyth my karis on or mo?
15.. Clar. v. 1247.
They prayit him his name to them to kyth
1604-31 Craig ii. 96.
These lines are sent by mee, To … kithe my loue to thee
b. c1600 Montg. Suppl. ii. 11.
Ȝe sall find me so Imprent to ȝow, I kyith, To latt ȝow nocht be woo

c. To make known or reveal, in words (a person or something concerning him) to another. a1500 Sir Eger 1974.
I will … shew to them of all the case; To me and my mother, us two, I shall not kyth you to no mo

8. To ascertain or verify (some general truth) by experience. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1229.
Ilk man may kyth be his cure … And muse in his myrrour

9. reflex. To show one- or itself, to present oneself to the view. 1513 Doug. vi. iii. 59.
Wald God ȝone goldin branche list now appeir And kith the self to ws in this forest
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 153.
Prohibeiting men of weir to serue thé in thy treasonabill interpryses, then kything thaim selues in deid
1582 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 261.
Thair contening thame darnit in qyett corneris … till thai may find thair opportunity to kyth thame selffis
1594 Warrender P. MS. fol. 112.
I considder … how my avowed tratour [Bothwell] hath … made his residence in your proper housses, evir plainlyest kything him self quhair greatest confluence of people wes
1624 Dunferm. B. Rec. II. 145.
Challengit … [they] wald not only kyth thameselffis be telling thair names … bot also misusing the watch in evill language

b. In non-material sense: To reveal one- or itself. 1599 Maxwell Mem. II. 41.
No thing moveth men more to kyith thame selfs to me nor their conceipt of your maiesties confidence in me
a1599 Rollock Wks. I. 441.
The love of God … appeirit and kythit the selfe
1622 Melrose P. 471.
If I suld … preise to acquyte thame kythit in deidis, by woordis only

10. intr. To show or present oneself, to make one's appearance, come forth. c1475 Wall. v. 663.
Scho durst nocht weill in presens till him kyth
1594 Battle of Balrinnes vii. in Dalyell Sc. Poems 16th Cent. 349.
Argyle sall haue the worse Giue he into this country kaithe
1625 Garden Kings 48.
The cruell Danes dois kithe upon our cost
a1640 Mure Counterbuff 184.
Our armes unstain'd, since Alexander Began to kythe, the eastern world's commander
c1650 Spalding I. 43.
In the begining of November … he began to kyth in Strathavan and peirtlie … trauellit throw the countrie
Ib. II. 305.
Haddock himself, … wes lying nar hand … beholding the sport; bot kythit not that day
1651 Nicoll Diary 65.
The Lordis of Counsell, Sessioun, … with thair clerkis and memberis of court, … not darring kyth in thair strenth for the use of the lieges
1651 Blairs P. 43.
So its surmised he [Argyll] will kyth shortly in his owne colours of coosinage & treachery

b. To make a formal appearance in a court of law. 1603 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II. 46.
Thay declairit thay wald nocht kyithe in jugement aganis the laird of Leslie
c1610 Melville Mem. 146.
Be whais meanis he allegit hir maieste suld obtean sa gret ane entreis in England, that albeit that quen wald kyeth in hir contraire, sche nedit not to cair
1628 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 289.
Howbeit ye stay some two or thrie dayes and kyth in that action as commissionar for our townes entres it sall not be amiss
1630 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. III. 450.
[He] hes kythed as ane partie … in all this proces and hes compeired in all the dyets
1641 Bk. Caerlaverock II. 139.
We that ar your lordship's freindis hes nane to kythe for us

c. To show oneself in company or concert with another. 1615 Highland P. III. 174.
Althocht it be of trewth that I … did nevir kyth in counsall actioune or hostilitie with ony of the rebellis … aganis ȝour maiestie
c1650 Spalding I. 181.
This his depairtour wes … sorrowfull to his freindis who had kyth it with him

11. Of things: To show itself, to appear, to show. (In material sense.) a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 1195.
The mone sa clerly kyde That he al that euir scho dyd Saw
1533 Boece xiii. iii. 499 b.
Thai trane the fyre diuers dayis, or it kyith within the hous
1585 James VI Ess. 71.
Fra day Beginne to kythe
Id. Dæmonol. 55.
That God should permit … spirits visiblie to kyith
1687 Hawick Archaeol. Soc. (1868) 35/2.
Some blood [was] kything in her left shoulder

12. To show or reveal itself, to be manifested. a. Said of a person's inward quality, feeling or condition. c1460 Thewis Wysmen 382.
Thai tak debait one lytil evyne, … Thar-by ma foly sonest kith [: blyth]
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 764 (Arund.).
Than sic corruptioun but clok sall kith vp cleir
a1568 Bann. MS. 72 a/4.
Aboif all thing first to be blyith And lat no dolour in ȝow kyith
a1585 Maitl. Q. xvi. 23.
Thair craft ay kyithis moir and moir
1588 Lett. Eliz. & Jas. VI 62.
My thankfullnes, then, must kythe in actionis
1592 Warrender P. II. 177.
Your majesties constant favour hes alwais kythit maist effectuallie toward your hienes … servantis in thair absence
a1598 Ferg. Prov. (1641) 19 b.
True love kyths in time of need
1616 Sutherland Corr. 122.
Gif their be ony actioun in yow, itt will kythe now or newir
a1658 Durham Blessedness of Death (1713) 74.
The want whereof [of repentance] in these days kythes in the coldness of our duties of worship
1680 Soc. Ant. XLV. 248.
For if it were tenderness it would be kything in somequhat else

b. With other non-material subjects. a1538 Abell 99 b.
Nocht with standing at the pusone kithit apone him he gart bring him a cherat to the batell
1583 Reg. Privy C. III. 599.
Quhilk as his majestie heir promittis, sall he mak to cythe in gud effect heirefter
1590 Dundee B. Laws 44.
In respect of the monyfold abusis and slanderis laitlie and dailie kything
1631 Dundonald Par. Rec. 335.
The said variance kythed in scandalous flyting
1638 Baillie I. 97.
Yet God … hes made, in my judgement, no pregnant infirmitie kyth in their answers
1641 Ib. 339.
The plotts of our enemies since hath been kything
a1651 Calderwood V. 192.
The fruict of thes solemne fast … kythed immediatlie by the discoverie of a strange conspiracie
1653 Binning Wks. (1851) 277.
For divinitie to kythe in humanity … this was greater glory

c. In impersonal constructions: (it) appears or becomes evident (to be the case, that something is the case); (as, which) appears or becomes evident.(1) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 159.
It kythit be his cognisance ane knight that he wes
1610 Bk. Univ. Kirk III. 1093.
Ere long it did kyth what … harm might ensue to the church … by any longer continuance thereof [sc. of ‘headless government’]
c 1621 Melrose P. 433.
It kythes that the towne of Drumfries caires their olde respect to the name of Maxuell
1641 Baillie I. 345.
It kythed Stafford's friends were strongest in the higher house
(2) 1600 Acts IV. 209/2.
I trow it sall kyth to be ane plane treassoun one my lordis pairt
(3) 1639 Baillie I. 143.
No one man I know was more willing; it kythed by his extraordinar grief at their miscarriage
(4) 1597 James VI Dæmonol. 23.
As kythed in effect by their being deuoured by the other
Id. Basil. Doron 113/10.
As kythed uell in may of thaime at the first rebellion raised aganis me
1603 Moysie 123.
The lord Vchiltrie … wes maist willing to effectuat his majesteis desyre as it kythed
1616 Sutherland Corr. 126.
Thair was sum that grudgit it, as kythit in end
(5) 1600-1610 Melvill 15.
Ther was nane of his rank … that was sa … loven as he; quhilk kythed specialie at his buriall

d. In p.p.: Shown to be the case, demonstrated, proved, by events. a1400 Leg. S. xl. 1335.
For myn ogart I haf tynt grace! That is oure-weild kyd one me; For blynd I ame quhyt & fre
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. cxxxvii.
The warld, it is so double and inconstant, Off quhich the suth is kid be mony assayes

13. With complements: To show or reveal oneself in a specified light or character, to manifest a specified quality in one's behaviour. a. reflex.(1) c1420 Wynt. vi. 480.
Nane persayvyd hyr [Pope Joan] woman, Bot all tyme kythyd hyr [W. For scho baire hir all tyme] as man And cald hyrselff Jhon Magwntyne
1513 Doug. i. vi. 167.
[She] in hir passage a verray god dyd hir kyth [Sm. kith, R. kyith]
1587 Warrender P. MS. fol. 176.
He may peraventure kythe him displeased with the mater
1588 Lett. Eliz. & Jas. VI 51.
Now meritis he thankis, … quho kythis himselfe a freind to your countray
1611 Fife Synod 31.
It wes regraitted, that he did not kyth him selfe … zealous in … punishing offenders
1622 D. Lindesay An Heavenly Chariot 67.
To stirre them up … to kythe themselves gross and avowed traytors
1630 Kirkcaldy Presb. 45.
In so farr as he both then and seinsyne has kythit and professit himself partie … in the caus
1645 St. A. Presb. 32.
Such as have kythed themselves evill affected to the worke of God in thir kingdoms
(2) a1605 Montg. Son. xlvi. 12.
I count ȝour cunning is not worth a cute, That cannot kyth ȝour self to be a clark
1614 Highland P. III. 162.
Who hes kyitht thamself to have nathir feir of God … nor ȝit fayth or trewth
(3) 1614 Thanes of Cawdor 232.
Thay in oppin hostilitie kythit thame selffis aganis him
1646 Old Ross-shire II. 15.
As we have never been defikent for your assistance we hope you … will kyth yourselffs for us

b. intr.(1) 1600-1610 Melville 74.
Nocht to suffer him to kythe an adversar against them
Ib. 198.
A grait number of the ministerie kythed what they war
1604-31 Craig iii. 10/15.
I'le kyth a constant Palinure to thee
1610 Carnegie Lett. 343.
In all his lordship's adois, ȝe haiff kyith as reddy and willing as ony freind
1615 Melrose P. 231.
If your lordship sall kyth cairles or … sluggishe in this great chairge
1619 Sel. Biog. (W.S.) I. 80.
Alwayes he kythed an honest man … who damned all filthy lucre
a1639 Spotsw. (1677) 89.
Nor did any kithe so foolish as the priests
1642 Baillie II. 10.
They would kyth passionat for my retention
a1650 Row 350.
After he came from sermon, he kythed exceeding angrie, seeing sundrie persons there … whom the bishops had silenced
1651 Blairs P. 146.
He did not kyth his freind … notwithstanding that his father kythed his great friend quhan he was heir in prisone
1677 Inverness Presb. 79.
The elders … kythes impartiall to all suche
1685 Erskine Diary 149.
Some who said so now had no ways formerly kythed friendly to the Presbyterians
(2) 1617 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 353.
That thairby he kyitchis [sic] to be sorie … for the same [misdemeanour]
1644 Kirkcaldy Presb. 270.
Who alledgit inhabilitie to serve at the tables, and yit thairafter kythed to be otherwayes
(3) 1572 Maitl. F. lxxxviii. 9.
Misknaw thair crafte and kythe not as ȝe kend it
1681 Colvil Whig's Suppl. i. 94.
Before his change his wit was tough … But now he kytheth like a fool

14. intr. To show oneself, in outward appearance, as in a certain condition, to appear or be seen to be. 1603 Haddington Corr. 211.
Scho kythit extreamlie seik, and … swownit
1638 Baillie I. 152.
His ladie, … being long bruited with a base fellow, kythed with child to him

15. With non-personal subjects: To show itself, appear, turn out or prove (to be). a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 756.
Sic corrupcioun bit clok sall kyth vncleire Till hevin and hell, till erd & sanctis seire
1535 Stewart 595.
Quhan tha saw land than war tha all full blyth, The langer ay the better it did kyth
1585 James VI Ess. 58.
Quhilk [a] althocht it be in a lang place, ȝit it kythis nocht sa, becauase of the great lenth of the preceding syllable
1591 Crim. Trials I. ii. 253.
Quhilk wichcraft … , being fund and opnit out, kythit to be ane pictour of clay and ane portrat of Elizabeth Home
1600-1610 Melvill 496.
In my conceat it was a pleurasie, And sa indeid it kythe at last to bie
1610 Bk. Univ. Kirk III. 1093.
Which otherways had kithed so incurable a canker, being permitted to have had any farther progresse

16. p.p. Made known, revealed, brought to light. a1400 Leg. S. xvi. 369.
Sa that this treutht … Mucht be, throw sic merwale, kyd
Ib. xxxiv. 351.
[They] this made kide til ȝung & ald, Hou God vertu in womene Quhile set
Ib. xxxvi. 1045.
Than it sal be cuth & kyde & be curse of tyme vnhyd
Ib. xxxvii. 4.
As Sancte Vincent quhilis dide Thru his pacience, as wes kyde
1456 Hay I. 165/25.
Bataill particulere is ay for hid caus that may nocht be kud opynly
Ib. 178/21.
That it war kyd and knawin till him and his lignane
a1500 Seven S. 1062.
Lang tyme or hir quentis was kid
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6588.
Still he lyis into ane chalmer hid To na persoun as ȝt is knawin or kid

b. Known to fame, renowned. a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii. 695.
George wes the trewest knycht … That vndir knychtly habit kyd Cristis professioune had vnhyde
c1450-2 Howlat 504.
Throwout Cristendome kid War the deidis that he did
1626 Garden Worthies 28.
After death Thir knights well kith'd to leave ther lord were leath

c. Widely known or recongnised, notorious (in the specified undesirable quality or character). 1456 Hay II. 40/33.
Commouns [sic] glotouns, kid, and knawin for syk, dronkynsum manesuorne [etc.]
? c 1500 Rathen Manual 27/1.
We cursis … all that ar commonde okkeraris kyde and knawynne
1540 in Knox I. 75.
Be Thomas your brother at command, A cullurune kythed throw many a land

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"Kyth v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Nov 2023 <>



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