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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Lade, Laid, v. Also: lad, layd(e. P.p. ladin, -yn, -en, laid-, laydin; laidit, layiditt, laded; leade. Also Ladin and Ladit p.p. [ME. and e.m.E. lade, p.p. laden, i)lade, later laded, -yd, OE. hladan, p.t. hlód, p.p. (ᵹe)hladen.]

1. tr. To put the cargo on board, load (a ship); also, rarely, to load, more generally.Common in collocations with los, lois (to unload), espec. to los (also, once, lows) and laid.(a) c1420 Bute MS. fol. 173.
A mayster lattys his schyp to hyre tyl a man and he makys hym conand to lade hym be in a certan day
1501 Reg. Privy S. I. 110/1.
To lad and charge his said schip again furth of the realme with al lefull merchandis
1507 Ib. 204/1.
To cum within the port … with his leful merchandice, and thare to lois and laid the samyn [ship] agane with the gudis of Scottis merchandis
1507 Treas. Acc. IV. 72.
For ix cheldir smyddy cole to laid the King of Denmarkis schip
1513 Doug. iii. vi. 211.
Our kervalis howis ladis and prymys he With huge charge of siluir
1532–3 Acta Conc. & Sess. 19.
[Unlawfully] lowsand and ladand the schippis
(c) 1498 Acta Conc. II. 245.
Impediment … in the having of thare merchandice to the schippis laidin be thame in tymes bigane
1543 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 115.
In swa far as certane of the nychtboures hes … send ower thair guids and thairwith laidin Jhone Aichinsouns schip
1549–50 Ayr B. Ct. Bk. 20 Jan.
Na schip culd be ballastit & ladin with irne without vtheris gudis thairamang
a1578 Pitsc. II. 62/26.
Reciting als mony titillis of his vnworthie honoris as wald haue laidin ane scheip much moir ane ass
1602 Conv. Burghs II. 137.
Efter the schip is full laydin
(b) 1701 Brand Orkney & Shetl. 129.
Every year many trading ships are thereby laded
(c) 1669 Wemyss Corr. 112.
The first shipe that was leade in my herbure of Methill with colle and salt

b. To ship (goods).(a) 1448-9 Aberd. B. Rec. (S.H.S.) cxi. n. 2.
Al maner of man that ladis ony merchand gudes owte of this burgh in Flanndris
(c) 1492 Acta Conc. 209/2.
That the said salmond war thar propir gudis & ladin one thare awine auenture to the port of Berwic
1540 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 103.
Sa monye lastis … ladyn furth of the havin of Leith
1543 Ib. 114.
That nane of the nychtboures of this burgh … send ower ony of thair guids to the port of Brynt Iland to be laidin thair
1596 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 6.
Ane trie of ilk hundert loissit or laidin within the said herbair
(b) 1609 Conv. Burghs II. 279.
The impost for … ane trey of ilk hundreth loissit or layiditt at ony of the saidis herbereis
1661 Aberd. Council Lett. IV. 159.
I … sall nott sufer no guids to be laidit till they procuir ane waren from the magistratts

c. absol. or intr. To ship cargo. 1462 Cal. Chart., Suppl. (Reg. H.) 9 Nov.
That nane of the borowis forsaide sal thole … ony indwellare of Brechin to los or lade with thaim and thar schippis
1512 Reg. Privy S. I. 367/2.
With command to all thaim quham it efferis to lois and laid at the hevin of Dunde
1518 Fife Sheriff Ct. 107. 1540 Acts II. 375/2.
That na persoun vse pakking nor peling of woll hidis nor skynnis lois nor laid outwith fre burgh
1552-3 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 94.
To iij barromens feit to the querrell to los and laid this oulk xxj s. vj d.
1574 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 27.
That nane lose laid nor fraucht in Bryntiland
1624 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 227.
The burghs of barronie, … packing, peilling, lossing and laiding as gif they war frie burghs royall

d. Of the ship: To take on cargo; to take on (goods) as cargo. 1500 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 84.
Anent the furnesing and laiding of the schips that ar laidand
1587 Ib. IV. 498.
Thomas Patersoun, collectour, … to trye quhat schips is thair and quhat thai lose and laids
1589 Ib. V. 5.
The schips that passis up the water to lose and laid

2. transf. To impose as a charge, to serve (a summons), upon. 1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 205.
Howsone this summonds was laden upon our nichtbors, thay acquent us thairwith

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"Lade v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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