A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
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Leve, n. Also: lewe, leiv(e, leiw(e, leyve, lieve, live, lyve, leave, leaw(e. [ME. leve (12th c.), leave, leeve, lyve (14th c.), e.m.E. leve, leave, OE. léafe inflected form of léaf strong fem.: cf. Lefe n.2] Leave, permission.In senses 2 c and 3 occas. plur., as (thair) levis etc.
1. Permission or liberty to do something. = Lefe n.2 1.(a) a1400 Leg. S. iv. 235.
Abyathar … Wrat til Herrod and leve had To stryk his neke in twa but bad c1420 Wynt. v. 2935.
Quhen he gawe thame lewe to say All that in thair gule lay 1427 Wemyss Chart. 52.
The said … hes … grantyt till the said … full leue and fredome for to make a myllyn dame quhare it best afferis 1456 Hay I. 205/16. Ib. 209/2.
He gettis a lettre of leve to tak ony man of that contree c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 35/18, 21.
Outher he has leve of his ourman expres or vertuale [to give alms] … , bot and he haue na leve and his ourman … forbid him [etc.](b) a1578 Pitsc. I. 197/34.
And [= if] it be ȝour graces pleasour to gif me leiwe I will schew ȝou the veretie 1583 Sat. P. xlv. 776.
He gave thame leive to dicht his schone a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 1135.
Painters & poets hes leiv to lie 1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 20.
Heir give me leive to rehearse a prettie stratagem … of his(c) 1609 Crim. Trials III. 17.
But I had rather gett live to live in pace 1659 Carstairs Lett. 81.
He promised to get live from his mother to be wuthous this vakances(d) 1673 Red Bk. Grandtully I. cxii.
I must creave leave to give you this trouble a 1700 Haigs of Bemersyde 477.
They cam to fish without speiring her leaveb (1) 1456 Hay I. 190/9.
He aw to defend hir be armes but ony leve of court 1535 Stewart 39924.
Tha come without his [the King's] traist or leve 1617 Misc. Maitl. C. II. 192.
Na man sall tak away thair guidis furth of ony manes pound … without leive of the pounder therof 1640 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 196.
Ane act anent ressetting of strangeris … without leiwe of the magistrattes(2) 1456 Hay I. 223/17.
That na man of Ingland … suld cum in his realme … but leve askit and optenyt 1620 Breadalbane Doc. No. 437.
That na persone haid powar … to tak away aney buriall stane … without speciall leive 1631 S. Leith Rec. 21.
Gif ane of the sessiouners be absent without live asked they sall pay ane unlaw 1664 Rothesay B. Rec. 82.
That nane tedder thair horses on thair nighbours grase without leawe 1670 Urie Baron Ct. 91.
No tennant … sall presume to sell any peittis … without leaw askit and gewenc (1) c1420 Bute MS. fol. 173 b.
The schip men aw nocht to pas oute of the schyp bot wyth thair maystyr leve 14.. Acts I. 304/2.
Gif the clath be schorne thrw the aldyrmannys leve 15.. Clar. ii. 1825.
With the advyse and leive of hir maistres … To make to hir ane mirrie collation 1596 Dalr. II. 248/6.
That with the kings liue, ernist inquisitioune thay mycht make c1650 Spalding I. 171.
The Marquess send his second sone … , to Strathbogie, by permissioun and leive of the Generall at the cross(2) c1420 Wynt. v. 159.
That palme tre … Syne as wytht lewe, but brayd or bend, Ewyn as before stud wp on end Ib. vii. 2889.
Efftyre hyr lord off lewe scho bade, Fra he hame in till Scotland rade 1456 Hay I. 151/26, 27.
Bot sen he mycht have leve of the King … to do it, me think it war better he did it with leve 1596 Dalr. II. 358/10.
With leiue he visited Scotland to visit his sister 1638 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 148.
Ye may express it with gravitie, and that two or thrie speake with leived. 1375 Barb. v. 227 (E).
Schir, with your leyve [C. leiff], I wald ga se How that thai do in my contre Ib. xi. 653 (E).
With your leve, sekyrlyy I will Help him c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1861.
Sayand till him, Lord, with your leve, This fyre is bot ane element 1622-6 Bisset I. 16/22.
Now to the purpose … I do proceid (this be ȝoure hienes leve)
e. Opportunity. c 1600 Crim. Trials II. 294.
Now Sir Alexander waited all this tyme so neir to the King that he had not leive till schaw any of his attendantis his purpois
f. As the second element of compounds, as landleve, and see Lefe n.2 1 e.
2. Permission (to depart or to be absent). b. Leave of departure, leave of absence. 1375 Barb. xvii. 863 (E).
But leve he hame has tane his gat c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1630, 33.
Agamenone and Menelay At Grekes askit leif that thai Mycht pas home … , And the Grekes that was bydand At Troye wald scantly gif thaim leve 1456 Hay I. 146/5.
As gif a man of armes … askis leve for a moneth or mare to pas hame to his wyf and barnis, to … visyte thame Ib. /26.
The leve of that moneth devidis nocht the wagis of the ȝere, sen he passit with leve Ib. 148/34 (see Leve v.1 6). a1605 Birrel Diary 4.
The … Frenchemen … gat lieve to goe with bage and baggage 1629 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 25.
Dischairges the maister of the grammer schoole … in giveing his scholares leive to the bent
c. (One's) dismissal or notice to quit. = Lefe n.2 2 c. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 67.
We suld … gif all larbaris thair leveis quhan thai lak curage 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 537.
Our poor mother hath gotten her leave and that our father hath given up house 1645 Ib. 624.
Ye are to look to Him who giveth the hireling both his leave and his wages 1661 Black Sc. Witches 40.
Or it be long you shall gett yor leiwe and a lash on the a[rs]
3. To ta(k (one's) leve (at, fra (from), of, another), to obtain permission to depart, or, more usually, to pay one's respects on departing, to bid farewell, take (one's) leave.Also laucht one's leve, see Laucht v.1 4 (2).Also Leve-taking n.(1) 15.. Clar. ii. 430.
The King … tuke his leve for to wend, And went on his way Gol. & Gaw. 220. [They] Thair leave hes taine hamwart for to go(2) c1420 Wynt. vi. 2171.
Here now my leve I tak at thé, And gyvys wp halyly all tretté a1500 Henr. Orph. 94 (Ch. & M.).
Than fra Venus he tuke his leve but mare 1596 Dalr. II. 197/26.
Leiue he obteynet and than tuik his leiue of all, with that salutatioune quhilk we vse in depairting, gentlie bidding all adew Ib. 458/16.
Ilk from vther takeng thair lyue departet c1650 Spalding I. 220.
Thir Scottis commissioneris takis thair leive fra the King at Bervick(3) 1375 Barb. i. 589.
He tuk his leve and hame is went Ib. xvi. 689.
Quhen thair levis on athir party Wes tane, he vent to schip in hy c1420 Wynt. vi. 2189.
To the Kyng than als fast To tak hys leve than Malcolme past a1500 Henr. Fab. 1086 (B).
At the ledder fute his leue he tais 15.. Clar. iv. 2534.
The Bischope and the Earle … hes thair leavis taine anone, With the ambassate grathing them to gone 1569-73 Bannatyne Mem. 132.
We touke our leive and come our way 1615 Highland P. III. 223.
I humbly taks my live 1687 Dunlop P. III. 38.
I most tack my live in papr(4) 1375 Barb. xx. 109.
Quhen on bath halfis levis westane a1500 Henr. Orph. 87 (Ch. & M.).
Than tuk he leve and to Venus can fare 15.. Clar. v. 2591.
The nobill King … Tuike leave at … the … knightis 1653 J. Hope Diary (S.H.S. ii. 19) 159.
I … overtooke the coach at Heddingtoune where my nephewes … tooke live
b. To depart, go away, and c. To depart from (at or of), quit, give up. lit. and fig.b. c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 222.
New Acquyntance enbracit me a quhile … Syne tuk hir leve Id. lxxxi. 45.
I sal gar him sing, And lang or nicht gar Langour tak hir leve 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 662.
Save dira [? sans dire] adew his leive he tuik Ib. 987.
In everie ludgene whair he wald licht Taking his leive without gud nych[t]c. 15.. Dunb. P. vii. 19.
I tak my leve at all vnstedfastnes 1688 New Mills Manuf. 181.
Mr. Draper being now to take his live of the companie and go for London in respectt he hes not suficient maintinance
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