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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Pichar, -er, n. Also: pych-, pitch-, pitsch- and -ere, -ear, -air; -ard; pyghar. [ME. (c 1290) and e.m.E. pich-, pycher, pytcher (1514), pichard (1598), etc., OF. pichier, picier, picher, pop. L. *piccārium, med. L. picarium, bicarium. Cf. Pechar.] A vessel for liquids; a jar or pitcher; also, the quantity, esp. of ale, held by a pitcher.In at least some instances, appar. accepted as a standard measure (? approximately one gallon) of ale. c1475 Wall. vi. 437.
A werk man come … pychars had he to sell
1507–8 Treas. Acc. IV. 102.
iiij pycharis to quinta essencia
a1508 Kynd Kittok 34.
Than to the ailhous agane scho ran the pycharis to pour
1523 Wigtown B. Ct. 138 a.
xx d. the price of ane pychere of ayll
1530–1 Linlithgow B. Ct. 16 Jan.
That na ale be sald derar than xij d. … vnder the pane of the brekyn of the picharis
15.. Lichtoun Dreme 86 (B).
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 6184.
One pynte stope and one quart One galloun pitschair … of wyne or balme
1573 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 92.
1574–5 Haddington Treas. Acc. 21.
For ane pyghar of aill
1587 Carmichael Etym. 45.
Amphora, a great pitcher
1600 Adamson Muses Thr. 226.
A pitchard full of coined gold
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1782.
Your gentrice jaipes like wasching of pitchers
c 1631 Paterson Ayr & Wigton I. xii.
He … found a pitcher law With ashes and bones
1654 Conv. Burghs III. 388.
For ilk hors load of … lame pottis, pitcheris … 4 d.
1689 Brechin Test. VII. 211 b.
A water pitcher iij s.

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"Pichar n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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