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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. IX).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Stok, Stokk, Stock, n.1 Also: stoc, stoke, stokke, stocke, stoik, stock, stak, stalk, stook. [ME and e.m.E. stock (Layamon), stok (c1250), stokk(e (Chaucer), stoc (Wyclif), stoke (1447), stocke (1509), OE stoc(c. Cf. OFris. stok tree trunk, stump, OS stok stick, pole, MLG stok stump, (M)Du. stok, MHG stoc stick, tree-trunk, ON stokkr tree-trunk, block, log.]See also Cabil(l)-stok n., Lening-sto(c)k n.Also in place-names. 1294 Reg. Paisley 94.
1417 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. I 44.
De croftis … iuxta ly stokrud in ly denburne
1487 Orig. Par. I 14.
Vicus Piscatorum juxta le Stok Wel
1532 Glasgow Prot. IV 52.
The gaet of the Stokwell
1556 Edinb. B. Rec. II 259.
To reperell the wellis callit Sanct Michaellis well, the Mws well, and the Stok well
1563 Dumfries B. Ct. 230b.
To content & pay ȝeirly … twelf peneis be equale portiones for the annell rent of the rod & to the stok well
1567 Reg. Privy S. V ii 344/1.
Lie Stokefurd
1571 Prestwick Deeds No. 15.
Fra the clous that cummis owt of the stok loche alias reid loche quhilk is the dams of the said Schir Williameis miln

1. The trunk of a tree, chiefly as stripped of its branches; a tree stump. Also in fig. context. Also comb.In various collocations with ston(is.(1) c1420 Wynt. vi 2022 (W).
It were nocht ill To put thin awne nek in ȝone ȝok, For thi stottis to draw ȝone stok [C. drauchtis]
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 199.
Amid a stock richt priuelie I stall, Quhair luikand out anone I did espy Ane lustie rout
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 300.
And I agane maist like ane elriche grume Crap in the muskane aikin stok misharrit
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1013.
Doun on ane stock I set me suddanelie
c1508 Ch. & M. Prints iib 62.
To seke burgeouns out of ane alde dry stok … accordis nought
1513 Doug. viii vi 10 (Sm.).
Auld stokis and hard rutis of treis
1513 Doug. ix iii 42.
‘Quharto axis thou to thir,’ quod he, ‘With mortale handis wrocht of stokkis and tre, That is to say, thir schippis so habill to faill’
1513 Doug. xii ii 139.
Lyke as the bull that bargane begyn wald … Lenand hys spald to the stok of a tre
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2301.
Imageis maid with mennis hand … Sanct Ringane, of ane rottin stoke
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2500.
Sen growand treis that ȝeirly berith frute Ar more to pryse … Nor cuttit stockis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2293.
Thay war fast bound to ane stock or ane tre, To thair greit schame
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 97.
Maist lyke ane branche doun cuttit of ane stok, That is becum ane drye and widderit blok
1596 Dalr. I 36/6.
Vndir that earth ar fund gret stokis … of wondirful akes … sum rottin throuch aldnes, sum agane fresche and hail
1596 Dalr. I 62/6.
That this generatione of geis proceids nocht of ane rotne stock, or of the frutes of thir tries that grow in the iles, bot rathir of the maine sey
a1599 Rollock Wks. I 357.
Quhat suld becum of ane auld rottin stock bot be castin in the fyre?
1608 Melrose P. 62.
The litle quantitie of irne that is maid heir, is only wroght with scroggis, boughis, … and auld stokis and cuttingis of tymmer
1636 Misc. Spald. C. V 225.
Anent the gryt abus and skaith doune be fyr, burning firr stoks, and greine eird
1662 Highland P. III 10.
Mccuill was appointed … to take away the body and leave the stoke of a tree in his place
comb. 1513 Doug. iv viii 76 (Ruddim.).
The hiest bransches all attanis Thare croppis bowis towert the erth als tyte, Quhen with the dynt the master stok schank is smyte [L. concusso stipite]
(2) a1500 Henr. Orph. 179.
Seke hir suth I sall and nouthir stynt nor stand for stok nor stone
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xxv 18.
Solitar walkand ȝour allone, Seing no thing bot stok and stone
1530 Lynd. Test. Pap. 58.
In all the garth of eloquence, Is no thyng left bot barrane stok and stone
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1782.
Sum said, bring mortar heir atonis, Than brocht thay to thame stoks and stonis
1567 G. Ball. 110.
Thir imagis of stock, stane, … Ar maid be men
c1590 J. Stewart 27/432.
Ane cursor gros … braying bends and sturdelie doune dang Stoks stons and treis and meed his passage bair
a1600 Gowrie P. 2.
God had given him children and good subjects, and if there [were] neither, God would raise up stocks and stones to punish so vile a deed

b. Stok cors, rud, ? the stump of a stone cross. Cf. stob-crose Stob n.2 1 c (2). 1520 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 201.
And that nane pas outwith the Bow as to the stok cors or vther places to mett the said corne
a1603 Anc. Prophecies 5.
Upon a broade moore a battle shal be Beside a stock croce

c. A block or length of wood; a log. a1500 Henr. Practysis 77.
The schadow of ane ȝule stok Is gud for the host
1503 Prestwick B. Rec. 37.
Cuthbert Myller accusit Joh. Smytht for the wrangwis takin of a stok of his out of the sey merk
1515 Treas. Acc. V 19.
Deliverit to Robin of Borthwik, master foundar gunnar to furnis stokkis, irne, charcole
1539 Treas. Acc. VII 207.
Item, gevin to Peirs, gunnare in the castell of Edinburgh, for stokkis, hair, talloun, wyre, pecis hemp, cordis and uthir necessaris, … for making of the pilleis to the kingis grace new schippis
1550–1 Dundee B. Ct. II 46a (17 March).
Andro Kynnereis grantit hym awand to James Rogche for ane birsall [sc. Brazil] stok vyand v dussane or thare by
1646 Edinb. Test. LXII 283.
Ane balk and ane stock estimat all to xx s.
1697 Edinb. Test. LXXX 223a.
Ane ambrie and 3 timber stooks
coll. c1250 Liber Calchou 91.
Ut … sufficienter accipiant de bosco meo stoch et ramail tam de quercu quam de bale ad firmandum stagnum suum de Kalchou
c1280 Liber Calchou 94.

d. ? A stump or block of wood used as a seat. 1588 Old Dundee I 269.
The haill acts … anent the observation of ane gude and comely order in the Kirk [by] the removing of stocks and stules within the same
1600-1610 Melvill 256.
The bischope was dasht and strukken als dum as the stok he satt upon!

e. A stick or cudgel used as a weapon. Also stokisdynt, an action against a person for assault with a stick. Cf. styngisdynt Sting n. 1 f.(1) 1375 Barb. xv 49.
Thai … sic rowtis till othir raught With stok, with stane, and with retrete [etc.]
c1420 Wynt. iv 816.
All thus in wodnes as thai waveryd And stekyd swa wyth stokis staveryd, The Perseyis ilkane stekyd othire
(2) 14.. Acts I 24/2.
In burgh sall nocht be herde bludewyt na ȝit stokisdynt [24/1 styngisdynt]

f. A wooden case for a lock. Also, lok stok, ? = Stok-lok n. or ? a post to which a boat might be locked. 1603 Argyll Acc. 5 June.
On tua knappell to be stockis to thame [sc. locks]
1587 Reg. Privy C. IV 162.
[They] come to that parte of the watter foirsaid quhair the said complenaris coble wes lokkit at his lok stok and maisterfullie … brak the same coble and airis thairof

g. As the type of what is lifeless, barren or without sensation or vitality. Also transf. of a headless corpse, and fig. of a person, with various pejorative connotations. Cf. also Gesting-, Lauching-, Mok(k)ing-stok n.Cf. also the quot. a1600 Gowrie P. 2, in 1 (2) above. a1500 Seven S. 1345.
Ȝone knycht is impotent trewlye Als leif thairfoir war me to lye By a stok of a widderit tre
1513 Doug. ii ix 86.
That ryal prince, vmquhile … Ryngnyt in welth, now by the cost lyis ded Bot as a stok and of hakkit his hed
1513 Doug. ix vi 57.
Lyke a ded stok the corps wantand the hed Lay bullerand
1553–4 Knox III 152.
We may rather be countit beastis then men, dead stockis nor lyveing creatures
1573 Shetland Doc. 153.
He … wes strickin with poplacie … prevat and destitut thairthrow of all his sensses … lyand as ane deid stok and trunk
a1651 Calderwood IV 131.
He is blockish as a stocke, and blind as a mod-wart
transf. 1533 Boece 469.
He causit … his hede be schorne fra his schulderis … Syne chargeit the stok and mwtilate body in the flude of Thamys be castin
fig. a1500 Bk. Chess 1714.
Ypocrase no man scho said was he He was a stok in figour of a man
1603 Philotus 278.
With ane lairbair for to ly, Ane auld deid stock, baith cauld and dry
1604 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 113.
Robert Sinclair for sclandering of Gilbert in Scatnes, calling him ane blind stok, thairfoir is decernit to pay [etc.]
c1610 Melville Mem. 159.
That the Quen of Scotlandis was leichter of a faire sonne and that sche was bot a barren stok
1604-31 Craig v 9.
Thou art a starke stocke, heere still for to stay And mourne for the losse that mendes not thy moane
1638 Sel. Biog. II 19.
There is concerning man's conversion, wherein they [sc. the Arminians] would seeme to plead for themselves that they are seeking no more but to make man to be no stock nor block, and if they had no further, we should easillie grant that he were not a stock in his conversion

h. attrib. In pejorative uses: Stok-image, a religious statue of wood; stok(is) and (or) stan(is), (pagan images of) wood and stone (after Deuteronomy xxviii 36). Also without stan(is).(1) a1538 Abell xviiia.
This kingis stok image ilk day quhen the sone rais gaif ane rair and ane rowt lyk ane bull
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2504.
On thare feist day [sc. in Edinburgh], all creature may se, Thay beir ane auld stock image throuch the toun
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xx 337.
Fals godis I honoure nane That are mad of stok ore stane
a1400 Leg. S. xlii 243.
Suld I honoure stok or stane Or ony thing bot God alane?
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2140.
Imagis sum maid … Off fyne gold, sum of stokis and stonis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2412.
In stok nor stone can be non holynes
1559–60 St. A. Kirk S. 17.
All exhibitioun of sick honour, exhibite … to sick stokkis or stanes, is verray idolatrie
1567 G. Ball. 61.
I grant that I haif faultit sore, To stok and stane geuand His glore
1567 G. Ball. 71.
Stock and stane is mammontrie
a1568 Scott i 81.
Thai lute thy liegis pray to stokkis and stanes And paintit paiparis
1587-99 Hume 77/312.
Images quhilks ar in temples set … When they are remarked all and sum, They are bot stocks and stains, bos, deid, and dum
(3) 1513 Doug. x Prol. 154.
I wirschip nowder ydoll, stok, nor elf
1638–9 Bk. Pasquils (1868) 64.
Each kirk is forc'd To reare wpe altars, and … They bow ther heads to stockes, books, and blue candells

2. A (living) tree, a rooted trunk; the rooted stem of a plant. Also fig. and in fig. context. a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1149.
Thocht fra the stok grew nocht the bobe of wyne, The bob it helpis, for it the branche vp beris. Richt so … This nobill frute [sc. Christ] … That God ordanit to ceis Adames weris Grew nocht on me for I am bot ane stok For saik of man to beir vp this wyne blok
1513 Doug. iii i 81.
Of Troy I born am, to thé na strangar: This blude droppis nocht from that stok [L. de stipite] in thi hand
1513 Doug. vi iii 47.
Gret eschin stokkis tumlys to the grond
1513 Doug. vii iii 66.
Fader Sabinus That first the wyne tre plantit, stok or bus
1531 Bell. Boece I li.
Gif ony tre be affixit and set doun in this loch, within the space of ane yeir … sa mekle of it as is hid within the erd turnis in ane hard stane; it that is hid in the watter turnis in irne; and sa mekle as is abone the watter kepis the nature of the tre: and so the tre, stane, and irne, ar junit togidder under ane stok
1533 Boece 456b.
This mekillwort … bering grene beryis … fra the stok thai sprede lurking vnder the leiffis
1549 Lamb Resonyng 33/22.
Oure souerane kyng Henry the viij traistit … that the tre come on the ane part off ane guid stok suld haue brocht furth bettir fruit, for saldin wes it sene befoir that ane Scottis kyng had in mariage a dochtir of Ingland
c1575 Balfour Pract. 536.
Gif thy native man has guild in thy land, for ilk stok or plant thairof … he sall give to thé ane muttoun as ane unlaw
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Stirps, the stok of a tree, or a clanne
1596 Dalr. I 61/34.
Thir stockis and tries, that grows in thir iles
1513 Doug. vi iv 97.
A rank elm tre stude, huge gret, and stok ald [L. annosaque]
fig. a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1154 (see above). 1549 Lamb Resonyng 33/25, 35/3.
Pairt of fruit of that ȝour nobill stok and also of the riale branchis I haue rehersit; bot seir sindlare wes it sene that the heretrice of Scotland marijt sick ane kyng of Ingland commit of sic stok as he is
1553–4 Knox III 383.
Frome a corrupt rute or stock must neids spring … wickit frutis

b. The stem (and leaves, etc.) of a plant. 15.. King Berdok 6.
Berdok That dwelt in symmer in till ane bowkaill stok
1600-1610 Melvill 134.
His kitching was sa sumptuus that … twa or thrie crownes warit upon a stok of keall dressing
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 120/135.
By a secret Mars, Most noysome quarrels ludge In very senselesse stocks of plants
1629 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 105.
[He] said to yow that he haid nather silver corne nor meall to spair bot baid his wyff geve yow thrie or four stokis of kaill
1652–3 Sc. Hist. Rev. XIII (1915-16) 414.
Dinner: broath, beif, a hen, dish of stoks
1656 Peebles B. Rec. II 38.
To caus officiar goe throw toun, discharging all childreen to pull stokes [margin stocks]
1662 Crim. Trials III 603.
We tak cornes … abowt two sheawes … or two stokis of keall … and that giwes ws the fruit of the corn land, or keall-yaird whair they grew
1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 20 Oct.
Johne Walker wpon oath deponed that he fand in Jonnet Sharpros hous about twentie sevin bowkaill stocks
1681 Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1681) i 55.
They felled all our hens and cocks, And rooted out our kail stocks
1700 Hay Fleming Six Saints II 33.
You took prisoners, for four stocks of kail to save their lives
coll. a1500 Colk. Sow iii 111.
Reid Kittilcok that sat on reid caill stok

c. A root, base, foundation, generally. Also fig., punning with 3 below. a1500 Colk. Sow iii 24.
As herbis stone or tre Frome thair orising stok cuttit quhill thay be And from thair ferm first rutit grund dewydit Thay may nocht than be natur so abscidit Do fructifie and flureis as afoir
fig. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 145/151.
To the Ros scho … said, ‘O lusty dochtir … Aboif the lilly, illustare of lynnage, Fro the stok ryell rysing fresche and ȝing'

3. a. The progenitor of a family or kindred. Also fig. b. An extended family or kinship group; a lineage, line of descent. c. A race or ethnic group. d. A breed, strain (of animals). e. A sort, breed (of people).a. c1420 Wynt. vi 1668.
Syne be generatyowne And lynyalle successyowne Fra that milnare discendand Dame Mawld the empryce quhille lywand Wes bot in the ferd [de]gre, The stok noucht reknyd for to be
c1420 Wynt. viii 339.
The heldare douchtyr yhour modyre bare; My modyr hyre systyr wes yhongare; To the stok [I] am swa newu [sc. grandson] Pro-newu [sc. great-grandson] yhe ar. Be that wertu Yhe ar noucht nerrast to the crown Na to the rycht of succesyown
c1420 Wynt. viii 332.
Yhoure modyr and I in ewynlik gre Discendand fra the stok are we
14.. Reg. Maj. c. 44.
Thai com al of a comon stok
1492 Myll Spect. 293/21.
For caus of the curst stok thai ware discendit of that was of a nvn or a relegious wemen
1513 Doug. iii ii 55.
O ȝe dowr pepil discend from Dardanus, The ilke grond, fra quham the first stok cam of ȝour lynnage, with blyth bosum the sam Sal ȝou ressaue thiddir returnyng agane
1513 Doug. iii iii 62.
Onone he knew our elderis dowtis ilk deill, And of our clan the dowbill stok full weill
1513 Doug. iv vii 7.
Nothir wes a goddes thy moder, as is sayd, Nor ȝyt Kyng Dardanus cheif stok of thi kyn
1513 Doug. xiii ix 96. 1549 Compl. 129/19.
My tua brethir … vil nocht considir that the stok of the fyrst genologe of al the nobillis that hes bene … hes been pure lauberaris
1595 Duncan App. Etym. s.v. Stirps (see 2 above). 1607 Reg. Privy C. VII 513.
These fals imputationis layed upoun … your most worthie ancestouris of a hundreth and six kingis linealie descending of one stok
?1620 Hist. Fam. Seton 654.
[He alludes to the friendly feeling which had always prevailed among the members of his house, as all] cumbit of ane stok
c1650 Spalding I 105.
The Lord Deskfurde about this tyme wes maid Erll of Fyndlater, whereat the Lord Ogiluy took exceptioun, being narrest the stock, to wit, the laird of Purie-Ogiluy and nobilitat before him
fig. a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 561 (Asl.).
Quhar is now Hector cheif stok of chevalrie?
b. 1450 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 343.
To do honour and proffit to the stock that I am a branch of
1513 Doug. vii i 168.
Ane air … Of quhais stok the nevoys and ofspryng Vnder thar feit and lordschip salbehald All landis
1513 Doug. viii iii 106.
Baith our kynrentis … Devidit ar furth of a stok and blude
1516 Acts XII 37/1.
Persuading him as nerrest of stok riall and first and maist lauchfull to this office
1528 Shetland Archives MS 15 July.
[I] profferit [the land] to my bruder William as narrest off the stok
1533 Boece 447b.
Narracions following sall declare how fra the samyn stok [sc. Keith] sprang the grete mareschellis of Scotland
1560 Rolland Seven S. 8849.
Considdering I am of blude royall Discendit doun of stock imperiall
a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvii 88.
Quhen the court cumis to the toun, … We sall restoir thame to thair stok agane
1587 Carmichael Etym. 10.
Stirps, ofspring, or stock in kinred
1596 Dalr. I 93/2.
Thay persekuted and persuet the hail stok and familie perteining to the sam parents, baith barnes and oyes
1596 Dalr. I 293 marg.
Hai [sc. Hay] is nobilitat and now a famous stock
1596 Dalr. II 1 heading.
The saxt stock, of the kindred of kingis … descriuet in the seuint buik
1597 Sumburgh Papers (Shetland Archives) D. 8/3/1.
Of that four markis of land quhilk our said umquhile father airit efter his barne and rais of the stok of Brind
1608 Hist. Fam. Seton 909.
Sua hes the haille stokke I haiffe the honnour to be ane poure brainsche off this sax hundreth ȝeires paste ever thocht [etc.]
1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 19.
Divers thaines and cheiftaynes of that stok and surname
c. 1542 Misc. Bann. C. I 11.
All the Yrische men of Scotland, which be the auncient stoke
d. 1513 Doug. vii iv 202.
Twa stern stedis … Of the ilke stok and stude sprungyn but dowt Quhilk Circes … fra hir awin fader staw
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics iii 65.
Suffice prolem, hald out the stock [sc. of cattle]
e. c1515 Williamson in Doug. (Sm.) I p. xxii.
I am come off a trew stok and shal be treu to al them that shall trust in me

4. A stem in which a graft is inserted. Chiefly fig. 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 126.
They graft a peach in a old stock, the[y] bow the end of the imp [etc.]
fig. c1420 Ratis R. 303.
Prid is the stok at thai grew in
c1420 Ratis R. 321.
The stok of thaim is auerice That tynis honore and al price, And than nan vthir froyt may spring [etc.]
a1500 Henr. Hasty Credence 2.
Fals titlaris now growis vp full rank Nocht ympit in the stok of cherete
1630 Rutherford Christ & Doves 5.
Now the imp is ingrafted in a cutted stock: Christ was hagged, hewed and cutted on the cross, the stock wherein we are ingrafted

5. A stake, pole, post. = Stak(e n.1See also Lening-sto(c)k n. a1400 Leg. S. xix 568.
The fellone tyrand king, … Be-hynd his bak his handis bath Til a gret stok gert bynd [hym] rath
a1500 Lanc. 3384.
As at the stok the bere Snybbyth the hardy houndis
1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 8 Nov.
The calsayis of the kirkȝearde is greatlie abuseit be reapir of hors and standis thairfoir the sessioun requestis Dauid Sibbald to sett wp ane stok in the west kirk wennell for staying of thair passage

b. A post marking a boundary. Cf. stob and stane (Stob n.2 2 c) and Stane n. 6. 1535 Bamff Chart. 67.
Infigentes in terram certa signa et metas viz. saxa et stipites lye stok et stane in recto ordine ad effectum et finem [etc.]

c. A measure in the form of a wooden pole of a prescribed length, an elwand. 1625 Justiciary Cases I 31.
The forme of the [elne] measour is this to wit: Thir is ane stok at the poirt of aych of the townes foirsaidis of the just lenth and gadge of the measour and thir is ane suorne man appointed be the saidis townes to attend this stok with ane number of girth stingis unto quhome all persones haueing occasioun to buy and sell this kynd of claithe makis thir address and gettis on of thir girth stingis stamped and sealled … whairiver thay use thair mettage of the claithe
1669 R. Brown Paisley I 301.
There sall be no elwands used herefter within the town of Pasley be any person whatsomever bot such as are sealed with the stock of Pasleye

d. At stok and stak, ? = (to have) stob and stake (Stob n.2 2 c). Cf. Stok et stane at b above. 14.. Quon. Attach. c. 40.
Inreknande til him the degreis of his progenitouris the quhilkis til him bondis war duelland & makand residens in sic land at stok & stak

6. The main upright part, the vertical stem (of something). Cf. also 1 b above. 1506–7 Reg. Soltre 160.
For ane cran and the stok; xxvj s.
1533 Boece 311.
Ane plate of siluer coverit the stok of the croce [L. crucis stipiti]

b. A pier or support of a bridge.Cf. also 19th c. north-east. Eng. stook, ‘the portion of a pillar of coal left to support the roof’. 1688 Musselburgh 81.
Three cartfull stones … for fortifieing the midland stook of the meikle bridge

7. A wooden board on which meat or fish was prepared for sale; a chopping-block. Also with qualifying term.See also Blok stok n., Flesch-stok n. and *Hak-stok n.(1) 1488 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 55.
[The Fleshouris Seill of Cause] Sua that na man handill menis sustentatioun owther at his stok or vtherwayis
1488 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 56.
That na man of craft, … but fremenis soneis of the [sc. flesher's] craft vse the craft, and that can handill it himselff baith in slaing and breking as a craftisman honestlie at his stok
1505 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 105.
[The bellman] for his rewaird and fie … to tak … of ilk flescheour for his occupatioun be his stok in the gaitt with flesch or fische or ony of thame for the clengeing of the filth of the saymn [etc.]
1508 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 114.
At the sellares and brekkaris of the greit fische haif thair stoks and grayth thairdone for that intent weill and honestly put at poynt
1508 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 114.
At all thair [sc. the fleshers'] stokis be of ane lenth, viz., ten fute of lenth, and nocht ane langer than ane vther
1513 Wigtown B. Ct. 11a.
The samyn day the alderman & balȝeis … has set the stok to Nycoll Frisell for a ȝer
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1360.
Men on far micht heir the knokkis Like boucheouris hakkand on thair stokks
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 269.
The counter chargis him with the malis of the fleschehous, extending to xxxvj stokkis
1606 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 29.
Libertie of stockis and buirdis for selling of fische granted by the Council to Andro Tongby
1668 Glasgow B. Rec. III 105.
To ordaine their said stockis and rowmes [in the flesh-market] to be lotted yearly and cavillit
(2) 1513 Dundee Lockit Bk. 2.
The fische stockis and flesche stockis ȝeirlie xx lib.
1542 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 573.
Tway flesche hacken stokis
1550 Cupar B. Rec. 4 Aug.
The balȝes hes statute and ordanit that the comone calsay be fre of the flescheris stokis bot that thay sait the samyn within vi futtis to thair bucht dur
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 279.
For sex flesche stoks of the personis following, quhairof thre stands waist, … and the occupiars of the uthir twa past to France to the weris and left thair stokkis waist
1580 Edinb. Test. VIII 344.
He left the flesche stok, richt, titill & kyndnes of the same to the said Jonet Mure his spouse
1657 Glasgow B. Rec. II 371.
To have charge of the salmownd stok

b. An executioner's block.(a) 1460 Hay Alex. 14148.
And levare had to thole de all the folk Na lay his hede with gude will on the stok
1549 Compl. 162/14.
He gart his flaschar lay ther craggis on ane stok and gart heyde them
1565–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I 507.
The expensis maid upoun the tua perats was hangitt on the Schoir of Leyth: … for ane stok to heid them on, vj d.
(b) 1622 Guide to St. Andrews (1953) 130.
To Androw Airthour for bering his kist and bringine the stook to heed him upon

c. In Aberdeen: Appar., a board, or stall where bread is displayed for sale.Cf. SND Stock n.1 3, ‘a board or bench in an open-air market on which wares are displayed’ (c1820). 1685 St. A. Baxter Bks. 47.
Whatsomever frieman of the baxter traid [in Aberdeen] that has more stocks or shops than ane, and that sells breed in ane place more than what by the calling sall be called ane stock or shop, the person guilty sall pay [etc.]

d. Stock-knyves, ? knives for cutting up meat, etc. on a chopping-block. 1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 317.
Stock knyves

8. A gun-carriage. Also, freq., as the second element of a compound. Also attrib.(1) 1508 Treas. Acc. IV 111.
For felling of treis to be ane stok for ane gun
1527 Treas. Acc. V 321.
For tymmer wrocht in the stokkis of the gunnys, quhelis, lymmaris and extreis
1536 Fraser P. 222.
Sex fawcunnis vyth stok and quheill furnist
1539–40 Treas. Acc. VII 348.
Gevin for tarring of the towis that bindis on the samin artalȝery upoun the stokkis
1540 Treas. Acc. VII 355.
Item, for the cariage of twa treis fra Newbottle wod to Leith to be twa stokkis to twa slangis, … Item, for werkmanschip of ane of thir stokkis to ane double slang, x s. … Item gevin for ane grete tow, contenand in lenth xxvj fawdome to woup the irne pecis upoun thair stokkis witht
1543–4 Treas. Acc. VIII 252.
To ane wrycht for making of foure clos kists in the stokis of the gonnys
1544 Treas. Acc. VIII 341.
The cannonis … withtin the munitioun hous to saife the stokis thairof from weit
1565 Reg. Privy C. I 360.
Ane hundrith faddome of greit towis … to lift and mont to carie and to woup brokin stokis and quheillis
1565 Reg. Privy C. I 403. 1572 Treas. Acc. MS 241.
Ane gret corbell jeist to be ane stok to the said battard
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 248.
Ane double cannon … montit upoun ane new stok
1580 Reg. Privy C. III 320.
Ane singill falcoun of found … montit upoun ane auld brokin stok and auld axtre, the stok garnesit with over and neddir bandis of irne and sex irne bowtis throw the same
1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 39.
Elme tries for stokis to the gunnes
1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 40.
Four great asche tries to be stokis and quheillis to the ordinance
attrib. 1579 Reg. Privy C. III 205.
Wrichtis, stokmakaris and quheill makaris
1585 Elphinstone Mun. 23.
Ane gros culwering of found, with his stok furnetour of irne plattis and bullatis
(2) 1496 Treas. Acc. I 289.
Giffin for bering of a ryvin gunstok fra the Kingis Werk to Johne Lammys smythy to bynd it
1496 Treas. Acc. I 323.
Giffin to Dande Achinsone, for felling, dighting and sawin of xij gunstokkis
1532 Treas. Acc. VI 156.
Hagbute stokkis
1558 Treas. Acc. X 435.
ij battart stokis
1605 Black Bk. Taymouth 345.
A pair of bandis with four lang naillis till a cairtit pece stok
1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 75.
For braking the ordinance stokis with tar for 8 dayis

b. ? A wooden carriage attached to a metal wheel, forming part of a crane or similar lifting apparatus.Cf. 12 b below. 1583 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 184.
Ane greit scheitht of irne to the said quheill [sc. of a crane] with ane lang stalk axtre & sparis

9. ? The framework or support on which wheels were laid in order to be shod with iron.Elsewhere in Treas. Acc. I., John Lamb is described as a smith and is paid for doing this kind of work. However, he is also described as a gunner, so his task here may have been to attach wheels to a gun-carriage, in which case this quot. belongs in 8 above. 1496 Treas. Acc. I 296.
To the pynouris that bure the quhelis to Johne Lammys hous to the stok, viij d.

10. The framework of a bed, a bedstead; the outer rail of a bedstead. Chiefly, bed stok.(1) 1629 Boyd Last B. (1629) 71 (Jam.).
Hezekiah turned his backe to the stocke, and his face to the wall
(2) 1604 Crim. Trials II 449.
Persaveing the said vmquhile Johnne to be walknit out of his sleip, be thair dyn, and to preise ouer his bed stok
1581-1623 James VI Poems II 13/20.
& uith my teares I uatterr uill My bedd stokke
1671 Stirling Common Good 70b.
For puting vp his bed and a daill to the bedstock
? pl. as sing. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 109a (B).
Gyf a man or woman dee in burgh … the ayre sal hafe … the brandreth the ladil the stokkys thir thyngys may nocht be owte of the hows

11. pl. The framework on which a vessel is supported during construction. 1504–5 Treas. Acc. II 476.
To the four Italien menstrales at the taking of the schip of the stokkis
1542 Treas. Acc. VIII 95.
Debursit be him upoune the beting and mending of the lychtar of the Brint Iland, quhilk wes set upone the stokkis
1686 T. Brown Diary 40.
Tho. Orchard … placed the ship he intends to build to Alexr. Geddes upon the stocks upon the Air

12. The block of wood on which an anvil is set. Also, studdie stoke. 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 97.
For iiii drauchtis … eschin stokkis for the armoraris studyis
1615–16 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 373.
For the careing of ane grit studdie stoke out of Leith to the castell … xxiii s.

b. A wooden stand or frame for various other devices or implements.See also kame-stok Kame n. 2 b, Kaming-stok n., Keming-stok n., Rak-stok n. and Swingling stok n.The quot. 1506-7 Reg. Soltre 160 may belong in 8 b above. 1506–7 Reg. Soltre 160.
For xxcxv aslar stanis … for the hewing of thame … for ane cran and the stok xxvi s.
1641-8 Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 8b.
For 2 men shet blockes with stokes
1682 Edinb. City Archives Moses Bundle 254 No. 7738.
For a new great stock for the 2 merk press

13. A ? stand, ? support; ? a frame (of a mirror).The Ayr B. Acc. quot. may refer to a box in which the ell-wand is kept, in which case this quot. would be a sub-sense of 14. 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1482.
Bot all the bordour [of the mirror] … Was plait of gold, cais, stok and vtter hem
1601–2 Ayr B. Acc. 213.
[For a new] stok [set with brass, for the town's ell-wand, 13 s. 4 d.]

14. A box for offerings, an alms-box. Also, offerand (oferandis) stok.See also Offerand n. 2 c.(1) 1501 Treas. Acc. II 75.
To the kingis offerand in the stok in Strafelane
1518–22 Soc. Ant. XX 52.
Item ressavit of Sanct Eloyis stok in the kirk iij s. ix d. … takin furth of the stok at the alter … xiij d.
1530 Mill Mediæv. Plays 274.
Item the deykan rasauit owt of the stok on Corpus Cristeis day xiiij s.
1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 31 Aug.
He pat all his offerand in ane stok
1641 Sc. N. & Q. XII 59.
Giffin to the smith for banding the kirk stoks
(2) 1493–4 Irons Leith I (App.) 581.
Le oferandis stok
1530 Henderson Banchory-Devenick 107.
The key of the offerand stok
fig. a1568 Balnaves in Bann. MS 139a/63.
In tyme latt be I counsall thé, Use nocht that offerand stok

15. See Chrissum-stok n. and Cresom-stok n.

16. The heavy cross-bar of an anchor. 1497 Treas. Acc. I 379.
For thre geestis to be stokkis to ankyrris
1641-8 Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 15b.
For ane anker stock 4 li.

17. The wooden framework forming the foundation of a saddle. Also, sadill stok.For further examples see Sadil(l n.1 1 e (1).(1) 1497 Treas. Acc. I 372.
For ane stok of ane sadil, the pannal, and the werkmanschip of it
1546 Treas. Acc. IX 37. 1553 Treas. Acc. X 175.
For making of the stok and sadill heirto and furnesing of it with byttis, buklis, and all other necessares
(2) 1548 Treas. Acc. IX 225.
For Ladye Barbarais sadill stok
1607 Edinb. Test. XLIII 181b.
Four rispit menis sadill stokis at v s. the pece

18. The block of wood from which a bell is hung. Also, bell stock.(1) 1571 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 2 Dec.
2 pund of iron for the stok of the common bell
1586 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 254.
Ane gret clog of tymmer … to be ane new stok to the courfour bell
1641 Dunferm. Kirk S. 9.
For advysing … how the kirk bell may be orderit and rung without couping, and how that the stock quharon [pr. yron] they hing may be … redrest
1679 Boharm Kirk S. 9 Nov.
Given to Alexr Mugach 6 s. 8 d. for ruleing the stock of the bell and 12 d. to Georg Smith for nails to the stock of the bell
(2) 1591 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 430.
Ane quarter hunder fluring naill to help the bell stock with

19. The vertical beam of a crossbow. 1561–2 Dumfries B. Ct. 46a.
In the caus of iiij li. of bow stokks or maa pursewit vpon hym

20. The shaft of a tool or bladed weapon; the hilt of a dagger or sword. Also in fig. context.(a) 1538 Soc. Ant. II 403.
A pikeschif of brass wyt the stok of the samyn
1541–2 Treas. Acc. VIII 54.
To Alexander Wicht, cultellar, for … four duggeoun stokkis
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 221/173.
Quhen Dame Ceres fruitfull yallou lokkis Uith creuell sheraris are cutt doun by hookis uith timmer stokkis
1637 Monro Exped. i 65 (Jam.).
A morgan sterne, made of a large stocke banded with iron like the shaft of a halbert, with a round globe at the end with crosse iron pikes
(b) a1500 Lanc. 228.
None wist his nome, nore how that he was tak By loue, and was iwondit to the stak, And throuch & throuch persit to the hart

b. In Doug., rendering L. veru a dart, javelin.1513 Doug. vii xi 59 (Sm.) (see Stok n.2 1 b (3)).

21. The wooden support attached to the barrel of a handgun or musket.Cf. 8 above. 1636 Edinb. Test. LVIII 18.
Ane pair of pistolettis indentit in the stokis with silver & giltit
1692 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 148.
For mounting up of fifty fyve musquet barrells with new firelocks and stocks
1694 Argyll Justic. Rec. I 149.
Alexander struck … Robert with ane gunn … wherethrough his hand in his own defence was bruised … and the strokes were so violent that it loused the stock from the gunn

22. A stocking, the lower part of a pair of hose. Chiefly, stokis of hois. Also comb. with heid, the top part of a stocking. 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 187.
Quhite welvot to be stokis of hois to hir
1539–40 Treas. Acc. VII 292.
Blak velvet to be twa pair of stokkis of hois to the kingis grace
1546 Treas. Acc. IX 27.
Ane pair of stokes of hois
1553 Treas. Acc. X 193. 1564 Reg. Privy C. I 308.
Ane pair of almany stokkis of blak sating, drawin out with taffateis
1610 Tailor's Acc. Bk. 83.
Thre pair of stoiks mair for a pair of worset shanks [£5]
1630 Tailor's Acc. Bk. B 4.
Ane cloik dowblet breikis & stockis of Ingles claith
comb. 1610 Tailor's Acc. Bk. 83a.
Ane pair of stock heidis

23. A strip or band of linen to which a neckband or shirt-cuff is attached. 1663 Misc. Maitl. C. II 502.
For holland to be band and cuffis to my lord [£4] For cours holland to be stockis to the band and cuffis [12 s.]

24. A sum of money set aside for some special purpose; a fund. Also, a stok of money. c1623 Melrose P. 517.
That meanes were found for monyes to be a stoke or ærarium belli reserued to the levie of men
1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 161.
The revenues of benefices were appoynted to mak a stok of money to be imployed in ther greatest effairs
c1646 Craufurd Edinb. Univ. 13.
The Lordis of Session [etc.] … had mortified the summe of 3000 lib. as an stock for maintenance of an professor of the lawes … the three parties agreed … that the annualls of 2000 libs. of the stock should be employed for the maintenance of 6 bursars
c1646 Craufurd Edinb. Univ. 54.
Charles Shearer … delivered to the citie thesaurer 1000 merkis for annuall rent to himself dureing his life … thereafter to remaine mortified for augmenting the stok of the professor of divinity
1660 Sc. Ch. Hist. Soc. Rec. V 145.
A contribution to be made … for the making vp of a stock for a stipend and repairing of the fabrick of a kirk
1676 Edinb. B. Rec. X 258.
The Councill considereing the necessite of the poor and that the poores stock is exhausted [etc.]
1686 Lauder Notices Affairs II 766.
Ther is a Professor of Hebrew ther else, and ther is no stock nor fund for him
1688 Cramond Kirk S. II 6 May.
Haveing considered that the anwelrents of the poores money, thair stocke … and the present collections being small, are not able to maintain the poore of this paroch
1691 Sc. Ant. XIII 73.
Severall children are exposed and layd down as foundlings and the poor's stock burdened with maintaining them
1696 Cramond Kirk S. IV 22 May.
The anwelrents of the poores stocke are not gotten in as yet
1706 Rothesay Par. Rec. 197.
There remains nothing in the thesaurers hands of the collections undisposed of, and what was laid aside to found a stock continues to be fifteen pound Scots

b. pl. Funds, financial resources or reserves. 1671 Edinb. B. Rec. X 104.
Alexander Home … payed … the soume of ane thousand merks Scotts towards the incress of the stocks of the said hospitall
1696 Edinb. Surgeons III 26.
To adventure ther stocks or any part thereof in the Company of Forreign Trades

c. Stock-purse: In fig. use: A purse in which funds are stored for some special purpose; such funds, collectively. 1635 Dickson Wr. 154.
When Paul was a Pharisee, he … had a stock-purse to gather gain whereby he might get heaven. And here he shews … the things whereby he thought to have gained heaven: 1. That he was circumcised [etc.]
1635 Dickson Wr. 157.
Has God (say they) ordained any Christian souls not to get heaven? Are not they of the true religion? Come they not to the kirk and the communion? … This their stock-purse is not worth a farthing, yet they look for heaven
a1665 W. Guthrie in Sel. Biog. II 75.
We have all one common profession, interest, stockpurse

25. (A person's) estate or property, as a source of income; personal wealth. a1660 Coll. Aberd. & B. 192.
The earles of that house … wer the richest in the kingdom … but ever since the addittion of this so great a revenue, they have losed ther stock by heavie burdeines of debt and ingagment
?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. III 240.
Mr. Johne Kempe, … who had spent his stocke and was turnd preacher

b. Aggregate wealth (of a nation). 1657 Balfour Ann. I 219.
The fishing so incressed that … the stocke of the kingdome was tribled, and all degrees of peopel gratumley enriched

26. Initial investment (for the setting-up of an enterprise); working capital. Also capital stock. 1613 Mining Rec. 159.
The partinaris sall … labour the saidis mynes to thair maist benefite the space of sax monethis to the effect thay may be the moir able and haif lasir to withdraw thair stoke furneist be thame for the vpsetting of the saidis workis
1620 Reg. Great S. 783/2.
The said work [sc. mining alum] will not onelie requyre a great stock bot the help of divers persone to be joyned in one societie
1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I 218.
His maiestie hes thairfoir recommended … how the worke may be undertane … societies joyned and a stok maid
1636 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XXXII 220.
Gilbert haid stokit the said sowme of … money foirsaid to be ane stok to the buith and to pay annuelrent. As lyikwayes it wes fund that they wer baith equall pairtineris of the proffeit … maid of the said stock
1681 Glasgow Chart. II 215.
Any stock employed … for erecting and intertaining any manufactures … shall be free of all privat and publict taxes
1681 New Mills Manuf. lxxxix.
The said rent allowed me shall not be payable to me out of the capitall stock but out of the profites ariseing from the Manufactory … and … the rent to be allowed and then superplus proffites to be divided to the partners according to their stocks

b. An amount of money invested by an individual in a trading-firm; a financial share (in a firm).1681 New Mills Manuf. lxxxix (see sense 26 above). 1685 Caldwell P. 146.
The East India Companie … had very litle advantage … which he had reason to know, because he himselfe had a stock in it

c. The subscribed capital of a trading company, regarded as the transferable property of individual subscribers and subject to fluctuations in market value. 1697 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 231.
The magistrates … impower the provest to doe all things needfull … for the interest of this burgh in the stock of the Indian and African trade of this kingdom

27. A capital sum for trade or investment; a financial legacy or grant; capital, as distinct from revenue, or principal as distinct from interest. Also freq., in various collocations and phrases with profit(is), rynning, brok (Brok n.2 the profit or interest on capital). Also fig.(1) 1458 Peebles Chart. 7.
John Pede Wille Pede [etc.] … put tha barnis and thar gudis in gouernans til John Smale and thair moder, thai vphaldand sextein markis as the stok til the barnis, in the qwhilk xvj markis the arschip is contenyt
1582–3 Perth B. Ct. 1 Feb.
The said Valter and Thomas ves pertineris in bying and selling And the vyning and tinsall to be equalie devydit amangis thame And of the stok of the money delyuerit be him to the said Thomas the said Thomas restis awand to the said Valter sevin markis money
1630 Aberd. B. Rec. III 31.
Gif thay salbe admittit, how far thair stok salbe adventurit in exporting and importing
1633 Coll. Witchcraft 120.
Your gudman is going to sail, and he has ane stock among his hands, but ere long, his stock shall be as short as mine
1636 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XXXII 218.
He … delyverit to … Thomas Kirkwoode the sowme of four thowsand fyve hundreth punds … to be ane stock for the buith … and … Thomas than grantit the ressait of the said sowme … and obleist him to pay to the said Gilbert annuelrent for the samyn
1649 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. I 392.
He providing his second son that was to be honourably matched, and the heirs of the marriage to a sufficient stock
1652 Johnston Diary II 187.
My flesh was saying, what shal I doe for the 200,000 merks of stok and 24,000 merks be yeir and my callings and the portion of my childrein?
1660 Glasgow Merchants House 40.
Ane guid part of the stok of the said hospitall hes bein waired out on the building thereof
1670 Murray Lyon Hist. Lodge Edinb. 424.
According as this our mortified stock growes greater wee obleidge ourselves, and all our successors, to enlarge our charitie towards all such persones as shall be found needful belonging to our own Lodge. But never to break the stock
1673 Edinb. B. Rec. X 146.
The lasses serving out their tyme [in St. Paul's Work] sall have peyed to them twenty merks to buy woull and a wheell to be a beginning of a lyvelyhood or a stock to them
1673 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 185.
I aclam the said William the soum of ane hundreth merks that he receaved from my eldest brother John by his fathers directione to be a pairt of a stok to me to begine to be a merchent
1683 Stirling B. Rec. II 40.
That the pensiones … be soe ordered that the samin be less than the yeirlie revenues, that soe the stock be not hurt
1684 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. II 64.
The wadsetter was obliged to pay in the superplus to the granter, and ought not to ascribe it to the stock of the wadset
1685 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II 207 (29 June).
[To pay … £4 sterling of] prentisfie [and also to pay £20 sterling] as ane stock [to be given to the said William at the end of his apprenticeship
1687 Dunkeld Presb. II 191.
[With instructions (in the event of the annual rent of his estate proving insufficient to maintain and educate their children)] to medle with the stock
1692 Cramond Kirk S. III 1 Dec.
Takeing couse for payeing of that soume of the poores money in his hand, stocke & bygone anwelrents
(2) 1463 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i 484 (12 July).
Henry of Culan … hes chosine till his curat[our]is to gowerne him Androw of Lesly and Thome of Culan … and at the stok of his gudis be furth cumande til his profitis … and to fynde the childe of the brok of his gudis to the vsche of fyve ȝeris
1544 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 98.
Monsieur Doysell … obtenit licence … for coinyeing of tua stane wecht of wtter fyne siluer … pennyis [etc.] … Quhilk haill wes of his awin siluer werk and stok and proffitt delyuered to him be the queinis precept
1549 Elgin Rec. I 98.
Charles Gray vas decernit … to mak pament of the haill stok and vynning of thre dussan of Sutherland irin to Archibald Watt. … Archibald Watt … suld mak pament of the haill stok and vennyng of tuenty aucht ellnis and ane halff of quhit lynyngis Ros claytht to Charles Gray
1584–5 Misc. Spald. C. II 343.
That my saidis barnis … be educat … vpone the brok and proffeit of thair geir but hurt or diminutioun of the stok or principall
1592 Mining Rec. 84.
Quhom I trow will nocht retein bayth stok and blok without any dewty to the king
1619 Edinb. Test. L 257b.
To gif out the said money for profeit and to delyuer the stok at thair perfyte aige
1628 Aberd. Council Lett. I 297.
We ly out as yit both of stok and profites
1650 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. I 465.
In the action pursued by Alexander Elphingstoune against my Lord Elphingstoune, the Lords sustained the same, upon a missive that was holograph … both for stock and brock, as the said letters bear, because the holograph was proven
fig. 16.. Peden Serm. (1782) Serm. 2, 30.
Adam got once his stock in his own hand, but he soon played it away at the cappy-hole one morning with the devil, at two or three throws of the game
a1693 M. Bruce Lect. & Serm. (1708) 21 (Jam.).
You see … how one preaching of Peters draws three thousand after Christ, and many of the people … gat a new stock and a new outreiking

b. Free stock, ? (a sum of) money which can be kept intact; surplus or ready money. Also, to have one's stok frie. Cf. fre mony Fre adj. 9 b. 1613 Reg. Privy C. IX 531.
[Petitioners lost] the haill fruictis of thair labour … and the frie gayne of thair voyage … [so that] nane of thame had thair stok frie when thay come to thair porte with thair fischeis
1680 Cunningham Diary 142.
Remains … £22 3 s. 7 d. from which to be deduc'd as the schoolmaster's salary, as per receipt, 2 s. 3 d. Remains of free stock, £22 1 s.4 d.

c. Stok silver, money set aside as capital for trading with. 1584 Edinb. Test. XIII 276.
Ane coping boit price thairof ane hundreth merkis Item of reddie siluer put thairin callit stok siluer the soum of xxxij li. vj s. viij d.

28. The proportion of the crop or other produce of a farm remaining after the tithe has been deducted, esp. as assessed for tax purposes. Also, (both) stok and teind(s) (Te(i)nd n. 3) (teind and stok), gross produce. Also of fish, as assessed for tax.(1) 14… Statut. Sc. Ch. 5.
We curss … Al thaim that mynysis thair teynd for fraude or malice of thaim that aucht to haue it, and al thaim that for fraude of the teynd lefis the stok vnlaborit
1555 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii 140.
My lord commendatour and convent of Kelso [etc.] … To cum … to Home, Fogo, Gordoun and Grenelaw, and thair to … teyndis away leid of thair cornis … sua that thair stok in poynt of tinsell may be away led
1566 Inverness Rec. I 136.
That wrangusle and aganis the law he makis him nocht compt reknyng and payment of xxiij bollis aittis of the stok of ane pruiff cassin be Alexander Mc Thomas Roy
1627 Orkney Rentals iii 56.
The bischop teind is callit olla teind, fewit with the stock
1627 Orkney Rentals iii 71.
Worth yearlie in stocke separate from the teynde thrie barrell frie butter [etc.]
1627 Rep. Parishes 28.
The haill few landis … payes in stok tuentie sex chalderis victuall and silver dewtie rekining euerie hundereth merkis foir ane chalder victuall and of teynd the qwhole parioche is worth and payet of old fourteine chalderis fyve bollis ane firlot victuall
a1633 Hope Major Pract. I 219.
These teinds ar callit civill which ar fewed with the stock
1660 Rothesay B. Rec. 43.
The pryce of fourtein punds payable of a stoke sold be the deceist Johne Gray
1680 Cullen B. Rec. 18b (20 Feb.).
The prooff of the forsaid [stolen] cornes came to ane firlot and halffe ane peck quhilk extende in stock to fyve bolls & ten pecks
a1705 W. Forbes A Treatise of Church Lands & Tithes 118 (see in (2) below).(2) 1587 Acts III 435/1.
And this to be not only of the penny maill bot of all vther dewties that sould be payit for teynd and stok
1617 Wemyss of Bogie MSS.
[He] has bruikit and possest the landis bayth stok and teynd
1627 Orkney Rentals iii 36.
That the haill kingis landis and bischopis landis ar ratit to the hiest availl, both stok and teynd
1674 Cunningham Diary 3.
The rent we agreed upon was for stock and teind 5 bolls meill, 50 M. money, half at Martimas, half at next Whit Sunday
a1705 W. Forbes A Treatise of Church Lands & Tithes 118.
All great and small teinds not feued with the stock pertaining to any parsonage or viccarage are excepted in the act; and when stock and teinds are set in feu together the entire superiority and nine parts of the whole duties payable for stock and teind is declared to belong to the king; and the ecclesiastick or titular to have the tenth
1588 Reg. Privy C. IV 280.
[The salmon fishing of Midchingle upon the Water of Dee,] baith stok and teind thairof
1588 Reg. Privy C. IV 281.
[The said fish [sc. salmon in the River Dee], both teind and] stok [belong to the complainers by good right]

b. The proportion of ground corn remaining after deduction of multure and other duties payable to the miller and his servants. 1534 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 118.
Every man bryngand his stuf to the said myll … suld met his awin stuf batht stok and mowtter and nocht the myllar
1663 Peebles B. Rec. II 55.
Ane firloit and half-firloit, … for measureing the stock, multure, and knaveship of all sort of victuall

c. attrib. With thyrl.1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 166 (see Multur(e n. 1 (d)).

29. A quantity, store, provision (of some article); a supply of goods for sale. 1633 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 90.
The maister cunyear most vndertak to haue ane stok of the present dollores with the which he sall pay to inbringeris the bullione and other money to be brocht in be them … so that they sall receave no Scottis money for thair payment
1633 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 90.
The maister cunyiar will haue ane great stok [of debased coins] lying dead in his handis
1640 Spalding I 251.
The rentis of byeris and selleris of victuall, and vtheris handleris and traffekeris without brughe, must be estimat according to the stok
1695 R. Brown Paisley I 330.
Alex. Forman, weiver, no stock

30. A pack (of playing-cards). 1596 Edinb. Test. XXIX 343.
xij stockis of cairtis at xxx d. the stok
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 381.
I know that He shuffleth up and down in His hand the great body of heaven and earth; and that kirk and commonwealth are in His hand like a stock of cards, and that He dealeth the play to the mourners of Zion
1691 Foulis Acc. Bk. 134.
For a stock of cards

31. ? = Stok-fisch n.Cf. Jakobsen Etym. Dict. of Norn Lang. in Shetland, s.v. Stokk sb. 4 b, ‘a plump fish, esp. of a half-grown or somewhat more than half-grown fish’. 1655 Hibbert P. No. 16.
He hes gottin no fissche at all as ȝeit but the matter of ane dissone stokis nor ȝeit can get non

32. In various special compounds.Stok-cott, ? Stok-mart, ? an ox or cow fattened for the table, a store beast. Stock-oule, the eagle owl (Bubo ignavus). Stok-sadill, ? a saddle with a wooden tree. Stok scheires, ? shears for cutting metal. Cf. OED stock-shears (1688) (Stock n.1 65), wire-cutters.(1) 1687 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 7 Oct.
Item 30 s. for a stok cott to Geordg Corbie his sone [owing] to Margrett Blackard
(2) 1453 Exch. R. V 542.
xxxij stoc martis
1456 Exch. R. VI 243.
Preter viij stukemaris … que fuerant domini regis
1456 Exch. R. VI 244.
Pro precio quindecim martarum que dicuntur stukemartis
1502 Exch. R. XII 40.
xvj stukmartis
(3) 1650 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 611.
In Parliament … a great stock oule muttit on the tope of the croune
a1688 Wallace Orkney 19.
Sometime the stock-oul and bittern have been seen in this country
(4) 1511 Treas. Acc. IV 243.
Deliverit be Johne of Lichtone, sadillare, to him, ane stok sadill
1512 Treas. Acc. IV 308.
For foure sadillis to Makane, thre stok sadillis and ane Franche sadill
1537–8 Treas. Acc. VI 380.
For thre quarteris of fyne gray clath to cover ane stok sadill
1542 Treas. Acc. VIII 62.(5) 1635 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 47.
In the forging hous … Foure paire stock sheares
1638 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I li.
Mair ane pair of stok cheiris [2 s. 6 d.]
1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII 66b.
Ane pair of stock scheires estimat to 2 lib.

33. Stok still, adv. as still as a log or post; quite motionless (cf. 1 above). a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 108.
In stede quhare he lay Stok still as ane stane

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"Stok n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Feb 2024 <>



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