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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ten, Tenn(e, Tene, num. Also: teyne, teun, tayn. [ME and e.m.E. tene (Orm), ten (Cursor M.), tenn (c1410), tenne (1486), OE tíen, Angl. tén.] The cardinal number ten.Also expressed symbolically as x and 10.

A. adj. In concord with a noun present in the text.(a) 1408 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 69.
The ten pondes worth of land
c1420 Wynt. i 563.
Wytht-in that ile ar citeis ten [W. tene]
1423 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 259.
Nyne ponde & tenne schillingis
c1420 Bute MS 170b.
Of custumis of bestys … of ten schepe gayte or swyne i d.
1430 Ayr Chart. 84.
Terras meas vocatas ly tenne acrys
1533 Bell. Livy I 43/4.
Ten decuris, ilk decure contenying ten men
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2276.
The ten trybis of Israell
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 196.
The yeirlie rent of ten pundis
1561 Thirds of Benefices 81.
Ten barrellis … of the buttir of Orknay
1581 Treas. Acc. MS 852.
Ten pair of chassis … gravin with his hienes armes for his halkis
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Ten hides makis ane daiker
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 32/9.
The summe of the lau is the tenn comandis
1684 Urie Baron Ct. 99.
That the saids wpper toones and lands furnish … tenn horss
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiv 213.
The commaundmentis tene
1490 Irland Mir. I 58/27.
The water … is tene tymes mar in quantite
1550 Prot. Bk. J. Cristisone 100a.
His tene oxin gang cornis
1600 Crim. Trials II 246.
Chairget thame, that thai com not within tene myllis to his majestie
(c) 1495 Reg. Paisley 405.
The wrangwis fischeing and settyng of nettis … extending … to thar dampnage and schait to tayn markis

b. As part of a higher cardinal number. 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 53.
Proudlie vantyng that his pen sould be worth ten thowsand men
1570 Leslie 123.
Tenne thousand Almanes to be landit in Scotland
1571 Inverness Rec. I 203.
Of the cropes sexte fyff, sexte sex, sexte aucht, sexte nyne and ten yeiris
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 447 heading.
Four scoir and tene ȝeiris
1609 Crim. Trials III 15.
Tenne hundreth yeeris
1634 Stirling B. Rec. I 172 (see B e below).

c. Put for the ordinal Te(i)nd adj. 1. 1389 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 16.
The ten day of the moneth of Junij
1532 Misc. Hist. Soc. VIII 11.
At Balmerynache the tene day of October

d. Expressing a particular hour of the day, = ten o'clock. See also Hour n. 5 b and B f below. Also attrib. 1427–8 Acts II 16/1.
That na lippir folk … cum in to na burghe … bot thris in the wolk … fra tene houris to twa efter none
1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 346.
That at ten houris at evin, nichtlie, the greitt bell gif fourty jowes
1602 Misc. Spald. C. II 288.
To meitt ws the morne be tene howris
attrib. 1593 Edinb. B. Rec. V 102.
The ringing of the ten hour bell nichtlie
1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 9 Sept.
That quhatsumeuer tavernour … sellis vyne or aill … efter the ten houre bell be rung … sall pay for the first fault iii lis.

e. In the names of coins. 1658 Hibbert P. No. 21.
A tenpensse for the bear
1682 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 28 Sept.
Tuo ten shilling peices

f. In expressions describing the rental value of land. See also Markland n.1, Penny-land n. 2, S(c)hilling-land n. 1547 Hunter Fam. P. 25.
The teyne schilling land of Holhous
1556 Coll. Rebus Alban. 88.
The landis of Ceskane and … the Bailliarie of the ten penny land
1630 Inchaffray Reg. 111.
Margrat Drummond lyverenter of the ten merkland

B. ellipt. and absol. Passing into noun. a. ellipt. a1400 Leg. S. xviii 514.
I fand Of ȝongmen tenne in a place stanand
a1400 Leg. S. xxviii 263.
[He] bad his seruandis in to ten [: schen] That [etc.]
1521 Maxwell Mem. I 247.
Ane lewyne scoyr of merkis … and ten in vnicorns
a1568 Jok & Jynny 23.
Dischis and dublaris nyne or ten
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 461 (Wr.).
I lever have … A fowle in hand, or tway, Then seeing ten flying
1653 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 133.
Within this ten or tuelff dayis

b. absol. The number ten. a1400 Leg. S. xlii 47.
Thai ten tuk that innocent & … with hir went
1524 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. ii 4.
Tene of the honorable & wirschipfull mene of thair nychtbowris
1566 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 219.
To the nvmer of nyne or tene

c. Sic ten, tymis ten, indicating a multiple of ten, a very large number, also thryis ten, three times ten.(1) a1500 Rauf C. 329.
Schir Rolland and Oliuer … With thame ane thousand and ma of fensabill men War wanderand all the nicht ouir, and mony ma than thay, On ilk airt outwart war ordanit sic ten; Gif thay micht heir of the king
a1500 Rauf C. 440.
At this tyme thow suld haue went, And I had met sic ten
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 87.
Thow leis, tratour! quhilk I sall on thé preif, Suppois thy heid war armit tymis ten
(2) c1420 Wynt. i 831.
A land calde Parthia. In it ar cuntreis thryis tene

d. Ten of (for) the hunder, ten percent. 1590 Edinb. B. Rec. V 21.
That the guid toun imploy the samyn upon annuel at ten of the hunder
1597 Acts IV 120/2.
That nane of his liegis tak vpoun hand … to tak ony greitar proffeit or annuelrent for the lane of money … bot ten for the hundredth

e. Tuo (tua) of ten, the level of interest of ten percent reduced by two percent which was paid, as an extraordinary tax, to the Crown. 1633 Acts V 39/2.
Anent the annuell of aucht to be takin of ilk hundreth in tyme to come allanerlie suspending the same for thrie yeirs and in the interim tuo of ten to be payit for the said space
1633 Acts V 40/1.
That of the said ten payit by borrowers for each hundreth during the space of thrie yeirs nixt insewing tuo sall be payit to his majestie … and … those quha formerlie borrowit moneyis for aucht of the hundreth sall be frie of payment of the said tuo of ten
1634 Stirling B. Rec. I 172.
To pay … the soume of ten thousand merkis money of this realme for the extent of the tua of ten grantit furthe of the annuellis of the termes of Mertimes for the ordinare taxatioun

f. Expressing the hour of the day. Also teun o'clocke, = A d above. 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 13.
Fra ix to ten salbe intermission
1635 Wodrow in Hay Geneal. 88.
It was appointed that Balmerino should be presented the 20 day at 8 in the morning who keiped but his accusers appeared not till 10 and moir
1657 Dingwall Presb. 292.
The moderator not coming preciselie at teun o'clocke

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"Ten num.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Dec 2023 <>



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