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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ganȝe, Gainȝe, Genȝe, n. Also: ganȝhe, -ȝie, ganeȝe; gaynȝhe, genȝie, geinȝie, gengȝie. [Ir. and Sc. Gael. gainne.] An arrow or (crossbow) bolt. Also fig.(a) c1420 Wynt. viii. 5505.
Willame off Dowglas thare wes syne Wyth a spryngald gaynȝhe [schot] throw the thé
c1475 Wall. vii. 995.
With awblaster, gaynȝe, and stanys fast, And hand gunnys rycht brymly out thai cast
1516 Exch. R. XIV. 164.
Pro emptione … octo duodenarum de gaynyeis
1550 (1581) Reg. Great S. 30/1.
Reddendo dicto Georgio duo lie gainȝeis … nomine albe firme
Reddendo dicto comiti unum missile lie gainȝie
1573 Sat. P. xl. 375.
With gun and gainȝe thocht thay boist to gor ȝow
1587-99 Hume vii. 113.
Crosbowes of waight, and Gnosik gainyeis kein
(b) 1458 Exch. R. VI. 384.
Pro … tercie dolii sagittarum dictarum ganyeis
1473–4 Treas. Acc. I. 48.
For iiij dusane of boltis and ij dusane of ganȝis to the King
c1475 Wall. x. 816.
Weyll stuft thai ar with gwn [and] ganȝe off steill
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 464.
Grundin ganyeis thair wase
a1500 Doug. K. Hart 861.
The grundin ganȝeis and grit gunnis syne Thai schut without
1531 Bell. Boece I. 152.
The Albanis, … schot ane huge nowmer of arrowis and ganȝeis at thair first contering
Ib. II. 227.
Behind thaim war crosbowis, bendit with ganyeis reddy to schute
1533 Boece iv. x. 141.
Ane multitude of arrowis and ganeȝeis apoun Romanis war schott
1535 Stewart 7042.
With gun and ganȝe, and all vther geir
Ib. 22481.
Mony ganȝie … Heidit with steill that scharp as rasure schair
attrib. 1513 Doug. xi. xv. 16.
Hys ganȝe cays and goldyn awblaster
(c) c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxi. 11 (B).
He that hes for his awin genȝie Ane plesand prop, but mank or menȝie
1535 Stewart 6211.
With gun and genȝie, and with other geir
1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 28.
For ane corcebow ... with xij genȝes
1581 Burne Disput. 190.
A change … from honoring the sauctuarie to polluting the sam vith … gun and gengȝie
1596 Dalr. II. 66/4.
Quhen the controuersie with gun and geinȝie was to be endit
Ib. 133/21.
With speir and jaueling, darte and arrow, gun and geinȝie

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"Ganȝe n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Jun 2024 <>



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