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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Graip, Grape, n. Also: graipe, graipp, grap. [Northern ME. grape (1459), e.m.E. graype (1559), Norw. greip, OSw. greep, Sw. grep, Da. greb. ON. and Icel. greip denote only the space between thumb and finger, also grasp, grip.] An iron fork with three or four prongs, fitted to a handle like that of a spade, used for lifting dung, etc., or for digging.(a) 1494 Dunferm. B. Rec. 55.
The wrangus haldin of ane graip, a schul, a cowp, and ane sled
1513 Doug. i. iii. 75 comm.
The thre granyt ceptour, … lyk a crepar or a graip wyth thre granys
1540 Acta Conc. MS. XIII. 119 b.
Sleddis, crelis, forkis, spaid, graip, schewill, carseddillis
1572 Treas. Acc. MS. 232.
Irone graippis with thair schaftis
1597 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I. 390.
2 muk graipis, a schuill
1623 Peebles Gleanings 16.
Ane graipe, ane fute spaid, and ane peit spaid
1641 Ib. 238.
[He] with a graip kuist down a great part of the thack and divetts of the said hous
1643 Colstoun Baron. Ct. Bk. MS. (Reg. H.).
Stryking the said Helen with ane graip
1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII. 366.
Ane iron graipe, ane iron coall raick
(b) 1457 Peebles B. Rec. 119.
A surd, a grap, a fader bed, a cruk, a Chak, a chyar
1535 M. Works Acc. IV. 87.
For … matokis, grapis, debillis … to the Franche gardyn
1645 S. Leith Rec. 63.
Rt. Cuninghame to provyd barrowes, grapes, and shools for out carying of the mucke out of the houses
1663 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I. 386.
[They] did seaze upon the grapes and forced the carters to empty their carts
1682 Fountainhall Decis. I. 184.
He with sundry of his servants & tenants fell upon them with forks, grapes, &c.
(c) 1636 Edinb. Test. LVII. 259.
Two irone graps and ane wyne hogeit
1690 Foulis Acc. Bk. 130.
To John Cars, smith … , for a grap

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"Graip n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Mar 2024 <>



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