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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
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Pese, Peis, n.2 Also: pes; peys, peise, peiss, peyis, peyes, peies, peiz(e, peice; pies(s, piese, piees; peas(e; peese; payes; piss. [ME. and e.m.E. sing. pese, peose, pees(e (14th c.), peise (Cath. Angl.), pays (1523), pease (1534), peaze (1598), plur. or coll. pesen (c 1200), peosun (Piers Plowman A), paysen (1523), peasyn (1533), etc., peses (Piers Plowman B), peeses (1532), pese (c 1400), peise (north., c 1400), peas (c 1440), pees, pease (1523), OE. wk. fem. pise (piose, pyse), L. pisa, late collateral form of pisum pulse, pease (whence OF. peis, F. pois): cf. Pise.]Chiefly coll. or plur. without inflection.

1. coll. or plur. without inflection. a. Pea-plants, collectively. b. Pea-seeds, peas, collectively.Occasionally with ambiguity between these senses.a. (a) c1420 Wynt. i. 1340.
[In Britain] Off all corne thare is copy gret, Pese and atys [etc.]
1553 Prot. Bk. A. Gaw 32.
[Assignees to] iii ait stakkis … and ane of the stakkis hes pes on the hed
(b) a1500 Henr. Fab. 2792 (Bann.).
c1500 Rowll Cursing 23 (M).
His quheit his aitis his peis his beir
1506 Prestwick B. Rec. 39.
For the wrangwis haldin of swyne on hiis corn & peys
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 115.
Thow lay full prydles in the peise this somer
1571 Inverness Rec. I. 203.
He refusit yeirle to await and keip my peis
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 181.
Certane aittis and peis growand thairabout wes … eittin be thair horse
1601 Crim. Trials II. 363.
For taking of ane schaeff of peis off thair land
1607 Ib. 531.
For leiding of certane his schorne peis than standing stoukit
1617 Inverurie 205. 1657 Edinb. Test. LXVIII. 369 b.
Ane head stak of peice
a1699 Skene Agric. MS.
They lyme befor the peiss but not befor the wheit
1669 Salmon Borrowstounness 87.
That no persounes … pull or spoyle any of their neighbours peise aither be codd or ruite
1678 Rothesay B. Rec. 358.
All persones that beis fund in other mens peiz
(c) a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 1579.
Ye ar punded ye hav bein in the peas
1653 Lamont Diary 65.
[The] good-man of Hatton … forgethered with a traualing boy … amonge his pease
a1688 Wallace Orkney 13.
All these isles are … destitute of wheat rye and pease
b. (1) (a) 14.. Acts I. 307/2.
Gyf ony schyp aryve … wyth pese benys or salt [etc.]
1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 166.
A firlot of pes
a1500 Henr. Fab. 361 (Asl.).
Hir den … Als benely stuffit … Of nutis pes benes ry and quheit
1476 Acta Aud. 52/1. 1496–7 Acta Conc. II. 53.
Half a chalder of pes spulȝeit … out of the landis of Pettintostale
1498 Treas. Acc. I. 388.
To by pes and benys with to the ȝard
1640 Rec. Old Aberd. I. 69.
The haill husbandmen … sall saw the twalff pairt of thair haill laboring in pese
(b) 1426 Acts II. 13/2.
Ilk man telande with a pleuch of viij oxin sal saw at the lest ilk ȝere a firlot of quhete half a firlot of peis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 206 (Bann.).
The ȝungast sister … Brocht furth nuttis and peis in steid of spys
1512 Household Bk. Jas. IV 1 a. 1532–8 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) No. vi. Young v. Seytoun.
Thre bollis of ry sawing … v bollis of peis sawing
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3311.
Small stanis like peis vpon hir heid thay kest
1567 Liber Dryburgh 394.
The tiend peise of the toun of Bemirside
1584 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I. 197.
[To] saw ane auchlot peis yeirlie vpoun thair skairs in tyme cuming that the land may be the bettir manurit
1596 Dalr. I. 89/20.
Sum vset breid of ry … sum of peise or beanes
1958 Household Bks. Jas. VI 31 July.
For butter to his majesties arteschois and peis
1600-1610 Melvill 270.
I called for peyes and beanes to giff it [sc. a dove]
1613 Dundee Shipping L. 237.
1614 Edinb. B. Rec. VI. 116.
Ane water met for peise and rye
1637 T. Hope Diary 69.
With the nott of the aittis peiss cheiss [etc.] … sent to him
1654 Cramond Kirk S. 27 Aug.
Whom he saw laying out peise to dry in tyme of sermone
1655 Stitchill Baron Ct. 6.
A bolle of kylle-dryed peis
1657 Balfour Ann. IV. 341.
a1699 Skene Agric. MS.
The peiss sows farder than anie grain
1678 Rothesay B. Rec. 356.
[To] saw halfe a fortpeit peck of peize upon ilk boll sawing of corne and beir
(c) 1661 Acts VII. 253/1.
Pease everie sex bolls
1671 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 35.
Who transgresses this act of … pease eating to paye [etc.]
1676 Cunningham Diary 78.(d) 1665 Household Bks. Archb. Sharp in Misc. Maitl. C. II. 528.
A dishe of peese
(e) a1699 Skene Agric. MS.
The vheit is sowne in November … the piess in Marche and oates in Aprile
1674 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 396.
c 1684 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II. 198.
Ane pecke … of piees
1709 Household Bk. Gr. Baillie 75.
For 2 furlits pies shield
(f) 1674 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 210.
Ane pek … of payes at twentie shilling the pek
(g) c1650 Spalding II. 137.
Without … lynt, piss, whyte, ry and sic commodeteis
(2) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1723.
Flanders peis
1552 Elgin Rec. I. 117.
The Sanquare hill pes
1594 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 113.
The Inglis beynis and peyis bocht [etc.]
1616 Dundee Shipping L. 274.
Foure last & half of quhyt pease ane last thrie quarteris gray pease
1641-8 Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 5.
For a boll of quhytt peice £8
1649 Lamont Diary 6.
The wheat pease that came ouer sea
1654 Nicoll Diary 131.
Greyne peyis oppinlie sauld in Edinburgh full and ryp
1681 Thanes of Cawdor 352.
Garden seids … runsivill peise
1692 Misc. B. Rec. 85.
Loadened with whyt pies
1695 Conv. Burghs IV. 205.
Importatione of Irish maill, bear and peise to this kingdome

c. Appar., in a condensed sentence, in both of the above senses. — 1653 Peebles B. Rec. II. 18.
Anent the children that eates and destroyes the peis

d. attrib. and comb.See also Pese-breid, Pese-kill, Pese-sta(c)k and Pese-stra. 1665 Edinb. Test. LXXI. 352 b.
In the peis barne thrie bollis peis
1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 257.
The deponent allowing her the pies barne she lay amongest the pies chalf
1690 Foulis Acc. Bk. 121.
Peasbonocks and turkie eggs
1491 Acta Aud. 152/2.
ix skore thraifis of pes foder
1586 Montrose Baillie Ct. fol. 32 b.
The said peis grond sett be the prouest [etc.]
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1081.
Litle sap in widered peis huils
1624 Crim. Trials III. 572.
To the said Robert Young his peise-land
a1605 Birrel Diary 36.
The ait maill … , the pease maill
1616 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 7.
For peis meill to the horse
1658 Sc. Ant. IX. 50.
Peas meall
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1768.
Ye ken how manie huted neifuls maks a patful of plum peis potage
1624 Crim. Trials III. 575.
Beanis stowin be him af his peise-rig
1662 Kelso Presb. Rec. in Berw. Nat. C. V. 336.
He saw her sitting upon ane peise sheif
1672 Foulis Acc. Bk. 9, 10.
Peas cheaves … peas sheaves

2. sing. A pea; also as the type of something very small or unimportant. a1500 Sir Eger 948.
Betwixt her een and eke her neise There is the greatness of a piese
a1568 Bann. MS. 77 a/48.
All joy in erd thow sall nocht compt ane peis Quhen that the ruiftre lyis vpoun thy neis

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"Pese n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Feb 2024 <>



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