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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
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Study(e, Stedy(e, Stiddy, n.1 Also: stud(ie, stwdy, studdy, -(i)e, stuthie, stede(e, -ij, steddye, stethi, -y, stety, stiddie, styd(d)y, stydde(y, stithy, stythy. [ME and e.m.E. stithi (1295), stethi (Cursor M.), stythye (Caxton), steadie (1565), stidhy (1583), studdy, stiddy (both 1688), ON steði.] An anvil. Also attrib., transf. and fig. b. specif. The anvil in a mechanised power-hammer. c. transf. In phonetics: The passive articulator. d. fig.(1) 1374 Coldingham Priory lxxvi.
In domo fabri j par de belyse, j magnum stotsteyt, j stety minoris ij forhamers [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 454, 457.
The emperoure … gert bryng hyme a gret stethi. Sone thai sanctis … to the stedy brocht wes thane … & gert thar theis brokine be Sa smal
1463 Peebles B. Rec. I 150.
The sayd Thomas has … gewin to the sayd Jonet … to … brak thir gudis … stedy, bellys, hammaris, and al other thyngis that pertenis to the craft of blak smyth
1494 Treas. Acc. I 250.
Item, for tussen of the stede to the smede viij d.
1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 364.
To the smyth quhen the king and the Franch knycht straik at the steddye
1508 Treas. Acc. IV 140.
1531 Bell. Boece (M) II 87.
Thai gart hir sitt nakitt in ane cauld stedy [1821 study], with hayitt eggis bundin vnder hir oxstaris
1533 Boece 401b.
(b) c1420 Wynt. i 227.
He wes the fyrst at musyke fande Wyth hammerys clynkand on a stythy
1513 Doug. viii vii 116.
As quha dyd thunder heir, The bustuus dyntis on the styddeys seir
(c) 1494 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 50.
Johne of Wostuod … has fwnd … swuerty for xls the quhilk soum to be payt withtin twa yeris for the study liand in wod
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 162/52.
As blaksmyth bruikit was his pallatt, For battering at the study
1515 Treas. Acc. V 32.
To Robert Monypenny, smytht, and to thre strikaris at the study with him lauborand on the gun stokkis
1518 Exch. R. XIV 353.
Et pro lie study empto a Johanne Kik et misso versus castrum de Dunbar, x li.
1531 Dumfries B. Ct. 109a.
That pait … laid in wod his stwdy quhilk he occupyit in his forge
1554 Stirling B. Rec. I 61.
For the maill of the said study for all termes bigane
15.. Clar. v 1186.
1574–5 Haddington Treas. Acc. 20.
1582–3 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 317.
Item payeit for sax new studyis ilk peice cost l s. to—xv li.
a1599 Rollock Wks. I 402.
That sword that sall be strikken at hir scho sall ding aback agane like the hammer aff the studie
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxviii 28.
Lyk hailstanes aff ane studie stottis
1658 Rothesay B. Rec. 275.
James Logane is hearby obliedgit to redelyver the said studye and hammeris at his removeing upone the lyke weight and conditioun he sall resaue them at his entrie
(d) 1522 Dundee B. Ct. I 112b (21 Nov.).
1574–5 Haddington Treas. Acc. 28.
a1578 Pitsc. II 246/18.
He [sc. a blacksmith] and scho tuik the bairne and murdrest it … and … eirdit it vnder his awin studdie
1583 Elgin Rec. I 172.
Ane sa, ane baby, ane aill stand … ane battering studdy, ane almyng tub
1595 Brechin Test. I 144.
The said Thomas being … ane smytht … leawes to the saidis Dauid & William … ane studdy
1677–81 Mint Melting Journals 20b.
In fylleings out of the studdie [1 lb. 13 oz.]
1696–7 Marischal Coll. Rec. 366.
By twelve pound 4 sh. as the value of ane studdy belonging to Robt. Sharp
(2) 1498 Acta Conc. II 289.
A gret stethy and a pair of bellis
1498–9 Acta Conc. II 298.
Ane yrne stethy and al yrne graith pertenyng thairto
1513 Doug. vii x 67.
Fyve the grettast and maist cheif citeis, … Set vp forgis and steil styddeis fyne
1537–8 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 229.
For ane gret study … deliverit to the armonaris [sic] in the abbay
1549–50 Stirling B. Rec. I 58.
1554 Stirling B. Rec. I 61.
He hes ane study of irne pertening to the chapellane of the Trinitie altar
1567 Prot. Bk. Thomas Johnsoun 104.
[William Haw, cutler, delivers as security] his iron studie
1568 Edinb. Test. I 225.
Ane cruk study of xv pund wecht
1577 Edinb. Test. V 352.
Ane horning studie price xij d.
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 258.
Ane cruk stiddy
1636 Edinb. Test. LVII 256.
In the bink ane cruik studie with twa naill hammeris
1668 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 225b.
Ane rounde studie
1685 Plenishing of House of Binns in Soc. Ant. LVIII 356.
[In his own chamber] … A litle iron studdie fixed in the north window in that roume A litle studie behind the door … wherein are several fyls of all sorts with 2 axes, 2 hammers [etc.]
a1700 Culross II 169.
Ane iron studie about ten stone weight
(3) 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 97.
For iiii drauchtis … eschin stokkis for the armoraris studyis
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Incus, a smiths stiddie; ab in et cudo
a1646 Wedderburn Voc. (1709) 15.
Incus, a smith's stithy
1686 Depred. Clan Campbell 100.
Item, ane smith's anvill or study
(4) attrib. 1615 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 373.
For the careing of ane grit studdie stoke out of Leith to the castell of Edinburgh
1616 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 18.
For tua cuttis of asch to be hammer schaftis and studdie stokis
b. 1646 J. Hope Diary (1958) 180.
We did see in Huy ane yron milne for refyneing of sow or geusen yron … by ane hammer moved also be ane water wheelle … the hammer varie large and high, the bateing face of it about a foott long but not above 3 inches broad; the face of the studie longer and tuyce so broad
c. transf. c1616 Hume Orthog. 12.
The instrumentes of the mouth quherbe the vocal soundes be broaken be … The nether lip, the upper lip … the top of the tongue [etc.] … Of these, thre be, as it wer, hammeres stryking, and the rest stiddies kepping the strakes of the hammeres
c1616 Hume Orthog. 17.
The consonantes may differ in hammar … and stiddie as b and d. Or they may agre in hammer and differ in stiddie, as b and v. Or they may agre in both and differ in the tuich … Quhen the hammer and the stiddie are ane, the difference is in the hardnes and softnes of the tuich; as may be seen in ca and ga, ta and da
d. fig. 1619 Calderwood VII 344.
The ministers of Edinburgh must ather be asses, to beare what burdens the people please to lay upon them, or studies, to hammer upon what they will. As for myself, I am resolved to be a studdie; hammer upon me as ye pleis, I care not
1638 Henderson Serm. 279.
The Kirk is a studdy whilk has worn many hammers, and broken many arms, with striking upon her, and yet she is to the fore
1668 Letter in J. R. Tudor The Orkneys & Shetland (1883) 625.
But God's work and people in the world hath been a stuthie that hath broken many a hamer and it yett stands

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"Study n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Jan 2023 <>



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