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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cald, Cauld, a. Also: calde, caulde, cawld. [Northern ME. cald(e, OE. (Angl.) cald (W.S. ceald), ON. kald-r.]

1. Cold, in various physical applications.Early examples occur in place-names, as Kalde welle (c 1190), Kaldestrem (c 1200), Caldelaue (1218), Caldclogh (1363).(1) 1375 Barb. xx. 76.
Throu his cald lying, … Him fell that herd perplexite
1456 Hay II. 112/8.
For and men wist be the constellaciounis, … that it suld be a calde wynter [etc.]
Ib. II. 125/22.
Than the nychtis ar naturaly calde
a1500 Seven S. 1369.
The wedder … was cald
1492 Myll Spect. 290/29.
The nycht was cald & myrk
1513 Doug. ii. viii. 59.
The edder … Quham wynter lang hyd vnder the cald erd
Ib. iii. v. 3.
Cald blastis of the northin art
Ib. vii. Prol. 13.
The tyme and seson, bittir, cald, and paill
1531 Bell. Boece I. p. vii.
Stormis cald and frostis penitrive
1549 Compl. 52/19.
The tua vintirs that thai hef ar nocht verray vehement cald
Ib. 68/24.
It vas lyik to fal doune … to the cald eird
1571 Diurn. Occurr. 289.
The wedder wes vehement cald
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 205.
One the ȝerd, bare & cauld, Euire-ilke nycht reste he wald
1538–9 Prot. Bk. T. Johnsoun 35.
He and the said barnis, … settis doun in the said kirk on cauld stanis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlviii. 67 (B).
That no … blastis cawld, Effray suld flouris
1567 G. Ball. 189.
The wind blawis cauld
1578 Acts III. 104/2.
In sum Heland and cauld grundis
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xxxi. 12.
Fresche Maii and cauld Ianuarye Aggreis nocht
1666 Bk. Pasquils 232.
It was in … the end of cauld November
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxii. 721.
The yrne … Scho one ȝed, that sa het wes, … as one cald lede
c 1420 Liber Calchou 449.
The best drinkis war calde water mengyt with venegyr
1456 Hay II. 118/28.
He suld have moyst and calde metis
Ib. 140/12.
The tothir kynde of wyne, that is of a caldar kynde
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 381.
Sic reule gerris thé be seruit wyth cald rost
1513 Doug. ii. vii. 122.
O ȝe cald assys of Troy
1535 Stewart 58472.
Cald water … Durst none him geif
1567 G. Ball. 26.
To wacht gude wyne, fresche, cald, and brycht
(b) c 1420 Liber Calchou 451.
The hart suld be comfurdyt be cauld electvary
1531 Bell. Boece I. p. xxxi.
In this cuntre is ane stane … that kindlis cauld stra
1552 Lynd. Mon. 296.
Quhare thou convertit cauld water in wyne
1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 21.
Temperand the air … be aspersioun of cauld vater mixit with vinager
1600 Misc. Bann. C. I. 154.
Ane cauld denner
(3) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 140.
He … tuk the ded barne … Vndir his clathis, tho it cald was
1456 Hay II. 119/29.
He that has a wayke calde stomak, he is of hevy chere
Ib. II. 124/6.
The ker side is kindely caldare na the rycht
c1500 Talis Fyve Bestes 118.
Tharfor in hevin his saull I hald Or he was cald
1513 Doug. iv. vii. 47.
The cald ded reif from my membris this sawle
Ib. vi. iii. 121.
Fra the cald ded corps is weschin
1587-99 Hume iv. 12.
Within my vaines the bloud is skant and cald
(b) 1456 Hay I. 285/10.
Commonly the clerkis ar … mare caulde of complexioun
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1132.
He is … Lene of body, and als of nature cauld
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. 153 b.
Thai ar certane … thai salbe in heauin or thair feit be cauld
1619 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 82.
Her voyce wes strong, but all her bodie cauld

2. Cold, in various figurative senses.(a) 1456 Hay I. 84/16.
A calde sett mynde confermyt in hardynes
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 326/23.
Ane ox quhilk is a strang best, and cald & meke
1513 Doug. Conscience 22.
O hungrie ens, cursit with caris calde
Id. Æn. i. xii. .
Dido … The langsum lufe drynkand inwart ful cald
Ib. xi. vii. 104.
A man nocht indegest, bot wys and cald
1549 Compl. 175/27.
His collig Fabius vas cald, graif, and pacient in his bissynes
a1568 Bann. MS. 224 a/30.
Thair is nane bot sche That may me cur of all my caris cald
(b) 1513 Doug. ii. ii. .
The cauld dreid ran in throu thar banys
1567 Sat. P. iv. 29.
Hir licherous luife … Cauld hes it cuild
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i. 458.
Ȝour cheritie, it is becum sa cauld
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 46.
The oursey trafficque of mariage growing cauld
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 4.
The Regent is als cauld as the bitt in my horse mouth
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 341.
Cauld bee her cast

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"Cald adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 May 2024 <>



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