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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cheis, n. Also: chese, cheise, chey(i)s, scheis; chis(e. [ME. chese, OE. cése (WS. cýse).] Cheese.See also forest-, somer-, and teynd-cheis.(a) 1485 Liber Coll. Glasg. 198.
Witht brede and chese to the collacioune
(b) a1500 Henr. Fab. 175 (A).
Amang the cheis and meile in ark and kist
c1475 Wall. xi. 645.
Bathe rostyt flesche thar was, als breid, and cheis
c1500 Rowll Cursing 27.
His wow, his lamb, his cheis, his stirk
1517 Grant Chart. 63.
For the wranguis spoliatioun and awaytaking … of … fische, … cheis, … and vther stuf of houshald
1524 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 217.
At na buirdis nor standis be fundin on the Hiegaitt … with cheis, eggis, butter
1550 Reg. Cupar A. II. 99.
Thay … sall help to bring hame our cheis ȝeirlie quhen thai ar chargit thairto
a1540 Freiris Berw. 69.
The wyfe … fillit the stowp, and brocht in breid and cheis
a1568 Scott v. 31.
Butter, new cheis, … curdis and quhay
1596 Dalr. I. 14/25.
The pastorall is plesand, … of quhilke we haue cheis nane fyner
1617–8 M. Works Acc. XIV. 10.
For drink, breid, & cheis to the toun men that wrocht 3 dayes in hailling vp the cannoun
1634 Peebles Gleanings 170.
For four staine tua pundis scheis
1660 Lanark B. Rec. 176.
That no comoun carier sell any sort of waires except breid, cheis, ingyones, candle
1689 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 311.
For … bisket, buttyr, chise, … furnished to Major Generall Mackay his armie

b. Attrib. with daill, fatt, kesart, loft, man, wame. 1536 Crim. Trials I. 173.
In company with Robert Hendersoune, alias cheys-wame
1562 Will A. Betoun 225.
v cheis fatts, three kye ligs, and twa kytts
1565 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 49.
Iohnne Smyth, cheisman
1599 Black Bk. Taymouth 334.
In the cheis loft
1651 Peebles Gleanings 303.
Ane old caldron, … ane cheise daill
1670 Greyfriars Interments 680.
Iames Weir, chisman
1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII. 362.
In the milkhouse … A cheise kesart

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"Cheis n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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