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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Conditioun, Condicioun, n. Also: condytyown(e, -dytyoun, -dition(e; condicyoun, -dictioun, -dyc(i)on, -dicione, -dic(i)on; condisc(i)oun, -discion(e; condysyoun, -dyssoun, -dyssion, -dissioun(e, -dis(s)ion; condetioun, -decioun, -dessioun. [ME. condicioun (c 1315), -ditioun, etc., OF. condicion, -dition, L. condicio, -ditio.]

1. A point in a compact or agreement; a stipulation or requirement; a bargain.Very common in legal documents of the 15–16th c.(a) 1385 Rotuli Sc. II. 73/2.
It is accordit that this condition of speciall trewe and assurance sall … be kepit … be see als vell as … be lande
c1420 Wynt. vii. 917.
That land … Wes gyvyn on that condytyowne
Ib. 2045.
He … qwyt-clemyd all homagis, And alkyn strayt condytyownys
1456 Hay I. 147/8.
Gif a knycht had maid conditioun with the King of Fraunce to serue him for a ȝere in his weris
a1500 Rauf C. 844.
Thow hes brokin conditioun, thow hes not done richt
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxii. 12.
I wald gif all that ever I haue To that conditioun … That ȝe had vowit [etc.]
1531 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 53.
Till put the saidys prentissis in thair prentis buk, and mak the indenturis of thair conditiouns amangys thame
1531 Bell. Boece II. 198.
Thay war … brocht agane to amite and allia, under thir conditionis
1577 Rec. Aboyne 130.
To use our said gift sicklyke as gif the said conditioun had nocht bene adjectit
1596 Dalr. I. 167/1.
Galdie … is sa humane, … that vpon conditiounis he grantis thame, quhat thay craue
1622-6 Bisset II. 253/5.
Conforme to the appoyntment, the parties ar obleist to keip there conditioun
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 815.
On condicione, gif the dekine Eschapit … , That gud man for hym ded suld be
1397 Douglas Chart. 38.
Al thir condiciounis … and artikillis befornemnyde
1423 Edinb. Chart. 56.
For the condicionis fermeli to be kepit the seelis of the saide Dene Johne … ar to-hungin
1427 Melville Chart. 21.
Gyffe it hapnys the said Mergret to disseis, … ony of thir conandis or condicyonys ownfulfillit
1442 Reg. Great S. 64/1.
Giff we had broken the condiciouns contenit in the said indenture
1456 Hay I. 146/25.
Sen he was feit and condicioun maid with him for the hale ȝere at a tyme
a1500 Henr. Orph. 273.
Orpheus … Pensif apon his … lady suete, Remembrit noucht his hard condicion
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 24/23.
That ony werk … be sufficiently satisfactour ar fyve condiconis requyrit
Ib. 246/15.
The Scottis gaf thaim wyfis … under this condicioun, that the king [etc.]
1563 St. A. Kirk S. I. 181.
As sche that had mayd promys of mariage … , wythowtyn ony condicione adjecked tharto
1596 Dalr. II. 289/22.
That the place quhilk naturalie was wnwinnable, to the Gouernour was delyuerit and gyuen ouer on condiciounis
1618 Haddington Corr. 135.
My lordis … knauis the condictiounse quhilk was condisendit wpone
(c) 1397 Douglas Chart. 38.
The kyng sall conferme … all giftys, taliȝeis, settyngys and condysyovnys mad … be dame Izabell
1405 Lennox Mun. 57.
Efftir the condiscioun made betwein the said partis
1456 Peebles B. Rec. 113.
That day was mayd burges Rob Bruys be the sem condyssion
1457 Ib. 120.
John Smayl has mayd the samen condission that he sal kyp the samyng ordenans … be the samyng cwndission
1487 Buccleuch Mun. II. 89.
That thir condissionis ande pwntmentis abwne expremyt sall be … trewlly kepit
1506 Lennox Mun. 180.
For the … kepyn of all and sindry the … condisionis in thir present endentouris
(d) 1462 Peebles B. Rec. 145.
I … haf rassawyt … ij. lib. with … the samyn condecioun and poyntment … as is befor wrytin
1593 Fam. Innes 160.
Be payment … off the fewe maillis … witht dywers uthairis condessionis and prowessionis

2. Nature, character, or disposition of persons (or animals).(a) c1420 Wynt. v. 953.
He wes off condytyowne Mare lyke tyll Nero
Ib. 5567; etc.
A … man … lycht off all condytyowne
a1500 Henr. Fab. 49.
How mony men … Ar lyke to beistis in conditioun
Ib. 1103.
Men of gude conditioun
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 409.
Thir wisemen, thai wait that all wiffes euill Ar kend with ther conditionis
c1536 Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 212.
Lat no dog now serue our Souerane, Without he be of gude conditioun!
c1552 Id. Mon. 2580.
Thocht sum of ȝow be gude of conditione
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 341.
Geue thay haue thir properteis, Thir gude conditionis and qualyteis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 80/7.
Johnne Douglas … ane man maist lyke to his awin conditiounis of ony creature
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xcvi. 11.
For thift and reiff nor men of ill conditioun Is na pvnitioun
(b) 1456 Hay I. 78/14.
The quhilk condicioun cummys to thame of naturall inclinacioun
Ib. 117/34; etc.
Ane understanding of mesure of mannis condiciounis
c1420 Ratis R. 403.
Gif thai or scho has condiscione Of nobilnes, or gret renown
1490 Irland Mir. I. 26/30.
Folowand the natur, properteis and condicioune of the fadere of heven
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 174/22.
Of mair vyle condicioun than … dronkart or ruffien
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxxvii. 22.
Quhow gud, quhow noble of all condicioun, Quhow womanly in ewry mannis sicht

3. State in respect of circumstances; position, place, or rank. 1375 Barb. i. 274.
Is nane can tell The halle condicioun off a threll
a1400 Leg. S. xi. 163.
Anent oure condicione, We grant ws seruandis ay bown Of Ihesu Criste
c1420 Wynt. vi. 1077.
Sparand na condytyown, Seculare na off religyown
Ib. viii. 1873.
All othir Inglis men … Off all condytyown, or off age
1456 Hay I. 251/28.
A thing that is of lawar condicioun may nocht be juge till ane thing that is of hyar condicioun
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1010.
This is a sentens of singuler comforting For euery stait, condicioun, & degre
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 43.
Quhat mirth ȝe fand in maryage, … Reueill gif ȝe rewit that rakles conditioun
1542 Acts II. 419/2.
The said James [to be] restorit … to his gude fame … in the samin state and condetioun as he was [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. I. 24/31.
The maist vnhappie … pest that evir man of quhatsumevir estait and conditioun he be of may be infectit with

4. Constitution or nature; quality or kind. 1456 Hay I. 78/7.
As we se that the fyre has a conditioun naturale
Ib. II. 57/11.
He has nocht all the … poyntis, properteis na condiciouns of knychthede
c1420 Ratis R. 1694.
Ȝit is it [sc. age] wer of condiscioune Than ȝouthed
c1460 Thewis Gud Wemen 189.
Thai are condisciounes of barnis
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 1/21.
The vj chapitur tretis of satisfactioun sacramentale, … the nature, condicionis, and gret proffittis thairof
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlvi. 39.
[Age and youth] Quhome natur of conditionis maid dyvers
Ib. xlviii. 79.
Scho send the swyft ro To bring in beistis of all conditioun

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"Conditioun n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Nov 2022 <>



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