A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Cast, n.1 Also: caste, kast. [ME. cast (c 1300), f. the vb. or ON. kast.]
1. The act of casting or throwing; discharge of missiles; also, the thing thrown, the distance covered by a throw.
The vay Wes nocht a penny-stane cast of breid; Barb. xvi. 383.
Thai slew the fellone beste … With spere & swerde & caste of stane; Leg. S. xvii. 74.
She hurt als sere with stones cast Of Gregeois; Troy-bk. ii. 1149.
I red that we … behynd ws stanys kast … And off tha castys eftyre grewe Men and wemen; Wynt. ii. 509.
The fyrst kast that it kest … It hyt the towre a mery strak; Ib. viii. 4746.
The cast it was rycht awfull on athir sid; Wall. ix. 167.
Thai bykerit wondyr fast, Amang the Scottis with schot and gownnys cast; Ib. x. 851; etc.
Thou wald cuk a cartful at a cast; Kennedy Flyt. 469.
The slauchter … committit apoun sudandte be the cast of ane by-knyfe; 1526 Reg. Privy S. I. 526/2.
Romanis in cast of dartis war mare exercit than inemyis; Boece iii. xv. 113.
b. A quick or forcible movement; a turn in affairs; a chance.
With hole cast [we] syne vpone thaim soucht And a thousand of thaim can slo; Troy-bk. ii. 2266.
Behald quhat change and sa onkouth a kast May be mysknaw; Doug. iii. vi. 117.
Nysus and Eurialus … Glaid of this cast … Besocht thai mycht be admittit [etc.]; Ib. ix. v. 14.
Sua vsis instabill fortune [to] turne with ane suddane cast the cais of mortall affaris; Boece iv. xiii. 145 b.
The haill communitie … tuke purpois for to flie, To keip thame on till ane better cast; Stewart 2527.
Chais na pure tyke frome his midding, Throw cast of court, or kingis requeist; Lyndesay Compl. Bagsche 189.
2. A throw of the dice; fig. one's lot or fate.
He about him, … Wes gaderand men … , For he thocht ȝeit to cowir his cast; Barb. xiv. 321.
He cachit fra the court, sic was his awin cast, Quhair na body was him about; Rauf C. 33.
To ieopardie in the play on ane cast ane roisnobill aganis a glied half penney; Pitsc. I. 267/24.
Shoe that cares for thy cradill, cauld be her cast; Montg. Flyt. 340.
3. An ingenious or clever turn or device; a trick or stratagem.
He a wys man wes of cast, And in hys deyd wes rycht wyly; Wynt. vi. 2012.
In com japand the ja, as a juglour, with castis and cawtelis; Howlat 771.
Gyf God ordanit ilke thinge. For to endur for-out failȝeing, Quhat wald men say of sic a cast? Ratis R. 1580.
He was full sle, and ek had mony cast; Wall. v. 740.
Bot this fals warld, with mony doubill cast, In it is nocht but werray wariance; Ib. vi. 100.
May scho wyn out, scho will play ȝow a cast; Doug. K. Hart 352.
Ferleig … began devise secrete castis contrare the king his eme; Boece ii. iii. 60 b.
Gif Hengist had devisit ony castis to the hurt and skaith of Britan; Ib. viii. xii. 277; etc.
The belleall Britis … With greit dissait assalit hes ane cast To brek that band; Stewart 1063.
Bot quhen ȝe pleis, sic castis ȝe can inuent, Me to defraude with gyle, and circumuene; Rolland C. Venus iii. 548.
To se gif thay culd find the way or cast, … Or ony help to saue thame self fra deid; Id. Seven S. 3735.
The flesche of man … will easilie be corruptit be the cast of that wicked serpent; Pitsc. II. 239/25.
Then finding out ane new fa[l]s cast, Amongis the prentars is he past; 1583 Sat. P. xlv. 43.
b. A design or aim.
May he cum to hys cast be clokyng, but cost, He rekkis nowder the rycht nor rakles report; Doug. viii. Prol. 20.
4. A turn or twist.
Than festnyt thai with wetheis duris fast, To stapill and hesp, with mony sekyr cast; Wall. vii. 416.
b. A turn or trick of expression.
In that airt … Of castis quent, rethorik colouris fine; Doug. Pal. Hon. ii. 48.
The quent and curyus castis poeticall … Quhairin Virgill beris the palm; Id. Æn. i. Prol. 255.
Kepand na facund rethorik castis fair, Bot haymly … termys; Ib. 909/14.
5. The mould in which something is cast; character, form, or course.
Thare is na clerk … That suld the tane knawe be the tothire Off body, colour, voce and cast; Seven S. 2445.
He directit all the cast of his life to defend his kinrik; Boece iii. xxi. 124.
With … all wapynis that neidfull war in weir, … With courtlie cast of cot armour abufe; Stewart 4678.
6. A jess for a halk.
To the goldsmyth of Drumfreis for castis of silver for halkis; 1504 Treas. Acc. II. 456.
7. A ditch; an excavation.
Passand … to the west syde of the Peitpothoillis be ane auld cast cassin be umquhile Johnne Hepburne; 1580 Rep. Milne Home MSS. 51.
Ane cast and ane mylne laid or watter drawcht besyd the bischoppis ward; 1588 Prot. Bk. J. Robertsone 45 b.
Passand eist fra the samyn dameheid as the deip of the cleir water gangs endlangis the cast castin in the loch or medow in the Barnis; 1603 Reg. Great S. 506/1.
For … removing of the red fra the cast that is making for the wining of the quarrell; 1648 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 129.
The kirkyaird may be maid dry if there were … ane open cast for convoying the water away; 1660 Dunferm. Kirk S. 55.
That some persones … hes clandestinely castine a cast fra the Provand Loch … for taking the water that way; 1676 Glasgow B. Rec. III. 224.
8. A particular number or quantity of certain things.
‘A cast of herrings, haddocks, oysters, &c.; four in number’ (J). Pottis … vncovered the 1c cast contening ane galloun to every cast; 1612 Bk. Rates 324.
For ten cast of plenscheour naillis; 1623 M. Works Acc. XVI. i. 5 b.
10 cast of grit fluiring naill boir maid of purpois; 1629 Ib. XXI. 39.
Five cast of singell plenshor [nails] for the window bands for the mill; 1680 Irvine Mun. II. 287.
For 5 cast of whitins; 1699 Foulis Acc. Bk. 256.
9. An estimate, assessment, or rating.
A cast of the militia foot to quarter at or about Edinburgh, … A cast of the militia horse come up, which consists of 310 at computation; 1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 343.
The commissioners of assesment of this shyre, … did cast ane cast of the small heretors … and sent the said cast to the leaders; Ib. 348.
Considering the augmentation of the cast upon the burgh for reparatione of the manse; 1693 Lanark B. Rec. 244.
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"Cast n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 9 Aug 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/cast_n_1>
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