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Kechin, Ketching, Keichin(g, n. Also: kechine, -yn(e, -ene, -ing, -yng, -eing; ketchyne; keicheing, keitcheine. [Var. of Kichin(g n. The change of vowel may be parallel to that (ĭ > ē) in Chekin, Mekill, Sekir, etc. ME. (midl.) has kechene (14th c.), kechyn, where the e is probably to be differently explained.]

1. A kitchen, the place, usu. in a house or building, where food is cooked. Also fig. in the wormis keiching = the grave. In quot. 1496, appar. a field-kitchen. (a) Bryng hame quhet, oyle or wyne, & nedful thing to the keching; Leg. S. XXX. 430.
For the fee of the clerk of the kechyn x lib., … for the fee of the ischear of the kechyne v li.; Acts I. 346/2.
Alsua the said abbot sal haf ostillary, … that is to say, hal, chawmyr, kechyng, and butre; 1428 Liber Aberbr. 58.
For iij score of elne of cammas to be a kechin, … To Thome Tailȝour, for making of the Kingis kechin, xx s.; 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 299.
Reparing of the Kingis kechin & court kechin quhair thai war failȝeit; 1532 M. Works Acc. II. 52 b.
Ane hundretht and ten pundis for biging of twa kecheingis in the castell of Striveling; 1542 Treas. Acc. VIII. 72.
Tweching ane scuttall hoill in his kechene for clenging of his manse; 1545 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 424.
In the ladnar wnder the keching, iiij ladnar fattis; c 1570 Lennox Mun. 276.
Aill, brede [etc.] … furth of the stoirhousse, kechine, and cellaris of the said abbacie; 1586 Reg. Cupar A. II. 294.
(b) The boytour callit was cuke that him weile kend In craftis of the ketchyne costlyk of curis; Howlat 704.
The … mending of the palice of Halyrudhous, stabilis, ketchingis, [etc.]; 1532 M. Works Acc. II. 51.
Ane … tenement … contenand hall, chalmer, ketching; 1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 5.
This minister causit bring hame … burne for serving his ketching; Spalding I. 377.
(c) Bischop Adam … was brynt dispitefully in his awne keiching; Boece xiii. xi. 523 b.
He war far meiter for the ketching [: preiching, fleiching, teiching], Amang the pottis; Lynd. Sat. 4460 (B).
Clay to the flurring of the keiching and making of ane new furnes; 1546 Treas. Acc. VIII. 460.
For viij draucht of tymmar … to my lord governoures logeing … quhairof ane keiching wes maid aganis his gracis douchterris mariage; 1548 Ib. IX. 272.
The keiching abone the clos and pend; 1571 Prot. Bk. A. Millar 8.
Ane skaill stair to the hich galrie abowe the great hall, entreing upe abowe the keitcheine; 1643 Thanes of Cawdor 285.
fig. Quhen saull and bodie departit ar in twane, The bodie to the wormis [B. wirmis] keiching [v. rr. keitching, kitching] go; Henr. Fab. 1924 (Cb.).

b. Allusively, with reference to the supply of provisions for one's kitchen. That the kepar of the said benefice sall haif bot ane sober pensioun that the giffar of that benefice may get in the laif to thame self and thair keching; Hamilton Cat. 99.
Of the approprying the Kirk landis … to ȝour awin kechingis; Winȝet I. 8/4.
Butt it [the abbacy of Arbroath] was more proper (think the Hammyltonis) for the Governouris keching, nor for reward to the Dowglasses; Knox I. 181.
Yf the poore … had thair awin, his keching wald lack two parttis and more, of that whiche he injustlie now possesses; Ib. II. 128.

2. a. An allowance of food carried or supplied as one's provisions. (Cf. Kichin n. 2). And it befal that a schip is at Burdews … the schipmen may bere syk kechyne furth as vsage of schip is; a 1400 Bute MS. fol. 172.
Deliverit to Robert Wod to furnis twa of thir servandis that past to kepe thir vittalis in the Kingis schip to thare keiching iiij li.; 1531 Treas. Acc. V. 460.

b. Keching meat. = Kichin n. 2 b. And auchtene poundis money of Scotland for his fische, flesche, and uthiris keching meat; 1559 Prot. Bk. N. Thounis (S.R.S.) 3.

3. Attrib. (in sense 1) with akar, clerk, dure, knaif, man, rufe, toure, windo. Symon [Boyid] for the keichin akar xiijs iiijd; 1542 Reg. Cupar A. II. 185.
Maist like, sum myllare of ane myll Had maid the mater of the bill, Outher sum cuikis or keching clerkis; 1567 Sat. P. viii. 43.
To Wille Brown that kepis the kechin dure; 1490 Treas. Acc. i. 175.
Williame Galbraytht, grume of the kecheing dur; 1541 Ib. VII. 476.
I tuke na mair compt of ane Lord Nor I did of ane keiching knaif; Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 154.
New keis … to the Kingis kichynmen and court kechynmen; 1529 M. Works Acc. I. 123 b.
To the said kechin ruf … baulkis [etc.]; 1532 Ib. II. 54.
To Johne Masoun, in pairt of payment of his task of the kechin toure in Strivelin; 1503–4 Treas. Acc. II. 275.
Debursit … upoun the theking of the … kecheing tour; 1541 Ib. VII. 474.
ij [crukis] to the kechyne windo; 1513 Ib. IV. 525.

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"Kechin n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Oct 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/kechin>



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