A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Outwith, prep., adv., and a. Also: oute-, owt- and -uith, -withe, -witht, -wyth(t. [ME. utenn wiþþ (Orm), utwiþþ (Orm), utewið (c 1230), utewid (Cursor M.), utwith (Destr. Troy), out(e)wiþ (Cursor M.), outwith (c 1420), thereafter appar. only Sc.: cf. also Outouth, Utwith, etc., Without (and Inwith).]

A. prep. 1. a. Of position: Outside of (a place or boundary); on the far side of; beyond. Also transf. (1) Mony sandy brayis lyand Outwith the craggis on the land; Troy-bk. ii. 1806.
Endlang the feild outwith the toun The battell fers was; Alex. ii. 9340.
Outewith the realme; 1427 Acts II. 16/2.
1436 Ib. 24/2.
The landis outwytht the said merchis; 1493 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 214.
Abufe the watir thar hals stude … With bludy crestis owtwith the wallis hie; Doug. ii. iv. 13.
Bell. Boece II. 106.
At fischear hewinis … and landwart kirk styllis outwith freburgh; 1555 Conv. Burghs I. 12.
And thair culd fynd na geir outwith houses and lokfast lwmes to pvnd; 1577 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I. 36.
In purchessing of lordschip outwith burgh; 1583 Conv. Burghs I. 170.
The maser to stand outwith the dur; 1583–4 Reg. Privy C. III. 627.
Rus, the … countrie outwith tounis; Despauter (1579).
1584–5 Rec. Earld. Orkney 306.
Till sett vp meat owt with thair bwithe; 1608 St. A. Baxter Bks. 72.
For the Dunkirkar wes not a pare of buttes lenth owtwith the peere; ? 1623 Melrose P. 513.
Becaus the Marques duelt in the Bog outwith the schirrefdome of Abirdene; Spalding II. 306.
1687 Edinb. B. Rec. XI. 214.
(2) Na thing is outwith [P. withouten] a man … that may defoule him, but tha thingis that cummis furth of a man [etc.]; Nisbet Mark vii. 15.
For He had not ane externall principle outwith Himself to induce Him; R. Bruce Serm. 118.
Ib. 195.
Gif the love of Christ … be outwith thee, only sounding in thy eir [etc.]; 1599 Rollock Wks. I. 348.
Gif thou be not an new creature you are not in Christ bot outwith Christ and outwith Jesus Christ na salvation; Ib. 445.

b. Not in (another's presence). The said Susanna owtwith the presens of hir said spous gaif hir full consent … thairto; 1588 Prot. Bk. A. Lawson 171 b.
Ilkane of thame outwith the presence of another ar seuerallie examinat; 1620 Perth Kirk S. MS. 15 Feb.
1655 Rothesay B. Rec. 4.

c. Of motion: Outside of, away from. To cum outwith thair awin place; 1504 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 101.
That nane of thame pas nor send owtwith the town to … stop ony persoun cummand to the mercatt; 1535–6 (c 1580) Ib. II. 72.
That thai sall nocht evaid nor eschaip owtwith this burcht; 1553–4 Reg. Privy C. I. 155.

d. Coupled with inwith, within, in, etc. Freq. in judgment or outwith. For further examples see Jugement n. 4 d, Inwith prep. A 1 (2). (1) Quhat out-with and within the toun, Thare was ane full great assemble; Alex. ii. 10924.
Both in houshald and outwith houshald; 1508 Reg. Panmure II. 275.
That thair be na ale sald derar innoch the hous nor outwith the hous derar than xvj d.; 1531 Linlithgow B. Ct. 26 Oct.
1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 165.
1581 Acts III. 210/1.
Outwith or inwith his hous; 1597 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 158.
Alswele within the court as outwith the same; 1631 Misc. Spald. C. II. 226.
(2) To be vext … be me … in priue or in a pert, in jugement or owtwith, of the said landis; 1465 Montgomery Mem. II. 35.
In his forest courtis or outwith; 1509 Reg. Privy S. I. 285/1.
Outwyth; 1516 Ib. 422/2.
Outwitht; 1589 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 188.
To mak als gritt fayth in jugement and outwith as the principall; 1599 Ayr Chart. 5.
1613 Binns P. (S.R.S.) 23.

2. a. Outside, not during (a particular period of time). And outwith confessioun he [the priest] may say and swere he wate nocht of the thing that he herd in confessioun; Irland Asl. MS. I. 20/27.
Outwith tymes customable to ete & drink; Id.
Ib. 72/15.
Tuesday, recent spuilȝies outwith the time of vacance; Balfour Pract. 272.

b. Not in (one's keeping or possession). 1593 Edinb. Test. XXV. 255 b (see Inwith prep. A 2 c).

c. Beyond the limitations or restraint of, not governed or restrained by. All men … that hes swyne in the towne outwith band; 1450 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 12.
The landis lyis without the starnys blenk, Outwith the ȝheris cours and sonnys renk; Doug. vi. xiii. 88.
Ane bairne vnlauchfully gotten outwith the bande of mariage; Skene Verb. S. (1599) s.v. Bastardus.
That it sall be laufull … to marie outuith the degreis of affinitie and consanguinitie; 1626 Justiciary Cases I. 48.

d. Not included in. Letters which wer smothered to and again in bypacquets outwith the publict sealled pacquett; 1686 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 27.

B. adv. Outside, on the outside; out of doors; out of the country. a. Of position or situation. b. Of motion. See also Inwith adv., for examples. a. That none was outwith of walour … the Troyiens to succour; Troy-bk. ii. 1243 (C).
Becaus of kynrend thar behufys to be a purchas, and … gife it be outwyth, it sal be gotyn on bath thair costys; 1425 Montgomery Mem. II. 9.
And lynyt befor outwith; 1455 Acts II. 43/2.
I counsall ȝow He be nocht techit in this cite … Bot erar owtwith in a fair waist; Seven S. 73.
Than was ald Ysak tane & bundyn Becaus he was outwith foundyn; Ib. 1148.
Thou blind Pharisie, clenge the cop and platere within, that it that is outwith [P. with outforth] be made clene; Nisbet Matth. xxiii. 26.
Thi modere and thi brethire outwith [P. with outforth] seekis thee; Id. Mark iii. 32.
Id. Luke xi. 39.
And lokit the tour ȝet thairof outwith; 1576 Crim. Trials I. ii. 61.
And the edge … be pairit outwith toward the nethir syde; 1587 Acts III. 522/1.
b. [The advocate to] pas outwyth wyth the party; 1532 Facs. Nat. MSS. III. xx.

C. adj. Outside, outer, exterior. In the … outwithe chalmer ane Turkie coverlatt; 1603 Reg. Privy C. VI. 576.
1613 Soc. Ant. X. 222 (see Inwith adj.).

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"Outwith prep.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 4 Mar 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/outwith>



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