A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Wal(e, Wail(l)(e, v. Also: vale, vaile, uaile, wayl(e, wael(e, weyl(l, weal(l, weale, wyl(e, wyll, vyll. [North. ME wale (a1310). Also in the later dial.] tr. Cf. Outwale v.1 and v.2
1. To choose, select (a person, thing, etc.) from amongst others. Also absol. Also in collocation with cheis. b. specif.To choose a word, one's words.
Some examples in Wale n. 1 b may belong here.
The Montg. example in 1 b may include a pun on Waill v.
(1) A worthy wyff to wale; Wynt. v 5085.
Thai … Walis wyslie the wayis be woddis & wellis; Howlat 305 (A).
Ane seymly souerane in sale Ane wourthy wy for to wale; Gol. & Gaw. 361.
That wy walit … all wedis of veir That nedit hym; Gol. & Gaw. 549.
Lat it worth at my wil the wourschip to wale; Gol. & Gaw. 1096.
To Johne Maware, to pas to Clidisdale, to the woddis, to wale tymmyr; 1496–7 Treas. Acc. I 319.
Gar sers baith Louthiane & Fyf And vale to me a mekle wyf; Crying of Play 163.
Natholok … walit ane man of Murray … beleiffing him maist traisty; Boece 188a.
To the paynter that walit the culloris … v s.; 1552 Treas. Acc. X 96.
Quhill samekill of the best thairof be walit, merkit and laid by to the use … of oure soverane lord; 1576 Reg. Privy C. II 505.
I haif send this berar to rasaif my oxin, I wil send na bodde to wal tham … I wil still lippin in your honour and promes; 1578–9 Waus Corr. 202.
Princes … so they would wale such men to be about them [etc.]; Wodrow's Life of Bruce 30.
(b) Yow worthis wisly to wirk, ane wy for to wail, That sal duchtely his deid do with yone deir; Gol. & Gaw. 784.
All worthi men, that has gud witt to waille, Be war that yhe with mys deyme nocht my taille; Wall. ii 351.
Gyffin a man for the helpin of the merchand, and to waill tham; 1497 Halyb. 105.
Scho … Askit hir chois of archaris … Venus the best bad hir go waill; Dunb. G. Targe 186 (M).
Waill [Pitsc. I 148/14, weyll]; Lynd. Test. Pap. 443.
I am myndit to persew it … at your gracis cumin in this cowntry, and nocht to waill na tyme in Gorgis absence; 1551 Corr. M. Lorraine 351.
To waill thre twn of the best wyne may be gottin for money; 1558 Edinb. B. Rec. III 26.
Alexander ane vther straik waillit neist; Rolland Seven S. 9555.
Send ane servand to Ravelstoun to waill twa lange stanis; 1564 Edinb. Old Acc. II 193.
I wauld ye gart waile me ane laycht bed; 1578 Waus Corr. 192.
That ane assyse be wailed; 1588 Cal. Sc. P. IX 633.
Uaile; James VI Basil. Doron 130/12.
Megera … Both wey my words and waill my verse to wry[te]; Montg. Misc. P. iii 7.
Ane craftisman to be chosin … quha can wail the samin [sc. a pall]; 1608 Paisley B. Rec. 284.
Waille; 1613 Calderwood VII 184.
That ae ansenye be bocht … and … Johne Sempill … to pryse and waill it; 1638 Dumbarton B. Rec. 55.
Nyne dealls which they wailed from amongst the rest; c1656 Irvine Mun. II 260.
The title is wailed which is most sutable; Durham Comm. Rev. 67.
(c) Waelit; 1637 Stirling Merch. Guild 54 (see Wale n. 1).
(d) Weale never a girdle be the ringing nor a widow be her singing; Carmichael Prov. No. 1647.
(e) Pieces of the … best ashler in all the kirk and aisle [sc. Blackfriar's] to be wylit be craftsmen having judgement whilk are maist convenient for the shore; 1560 Old Dundee II 181.
The maist abill men throch all the towne, out of quchom the said hundrethe men sall be wylit; 1578 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 78.
John Wilkie … to wyll the wyne and to sett it in the Sessione in tym that it may setle; 1656 S. Leith Rec. 105/1.
[Alex. Couts wright to go to Aberdeen and] wyle 50 double trees to be ane roufe to the kirk; 1666 Ellon Par. 144.
absol. He chesyt … xxx, all thir wichtast men That he couthe wail; Wynt. viii 6712.
That nay persone baik, vaile, or by, quhill it be deuisit be the aldirman and consale; 1504 Aberd. B. Rec. I 431.
Of choys men syne, walit by cut, thai tuke A gret numbyr; Doug. ii i 10.
(2) Our king to cheis and wail the maist commodious place leidis his armie to Floudoun; Dalr. II 145/3.
Let us then be wise in our choice, and choose and wale our own blessedness; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 379.
The … daily necessities of the godly are taken notice of in a speciall way by God, choosing and weyling to them exercises for their condition; Dickson Psalms I 248.
b. Go, pen and paper publish my complantis; Waill weghtie words, because ȝe cannot weep; Montg. Sonn. liii 2.
The very word [sc. ethos] that John wayles herein … doth importe, not onely a custome, but a constitution also; Birnie Kirk-b. xvi.
The prelat … Whose words weell wealled and convenientlie couch'd [etc.]; Garden Elphinstoun 1057.
Indeed they will wale their words so, as they may not give their enemies offence; 1681 Cloud of Witnesses (1714) 111.
Ȝe man … tak heid, that ȝe waill ȝour wordis according to the purpose; James VI Poems I 76/1.
c. intr.Const. infinitive and out (furth).
(1) Thocht thai befor wantyt bath hors and ger, Anewch thai gat, quhat thai wald waill to wer; Wall. vi 582.
Gif yow wale be a Catholik; Winȝet I 81/24.
(2) Thai walit out werryouris; Gol. & Gaw. 7.
Wail out al thame beyn waik and onweilde; Doug. v xii 92.
He … waillit furth ane hundreth speiris And futemen quhilk wer bauld; Lynd. Meldrum 258.
[They] waillit furth of the Inglis band Twa hundreth men; Lynd. Meldrum 839.
War Paris levand … And had the goldin ball to serve I wait he wald sone waill ȝow owt; Bann. MS 243b/55.
The baillies to … waill furth the maist habill, honest, and best airmit; 1580–1 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 196.
To David Williamson for tua aikin corbellis … to the wark men that vyllit thame out amongis vtheris; 1598 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 670a.
He was chosen and wyled out of the same race whereof ȝe came; Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 455.
2. To pick over, search ((a quantity of) something), chiefly for the purpose of selection. Also const. on, and proverb.
Some examples may belong in 1.
(1) That ye cause … Patrik Tennent waill our sa[i]d woll, sort, and pak the samin; 1537 Exch. R. XVII 741 n.
To pyonars, to cast ane haill hepe of daillis, to waill thir forsaids daillis iiij s.; 1563 Edinb. Old Acc. I 439.
To bring hame sic personis as can begyn upone Scottis wool to waill it, soirt it [etc.]; 1604 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 307.
Had not the ministerie been verie well wailed for the purpose [etc.]; 1639 Baillie I 144.
Wale your privat tymes that ye be not marked; 1639 Baillie I 226.
proverb. Litle luk in the house quhair the gudeman wails the bairnis meat for pieces of quhittin stiks; Carmichael Prov. No. 1077.
(2) Aifter the sycht of your wryttein … I haif send ȝow syk thyngis to waill on, as I thynk sall serf your purpos; c1570 Maxwell Mem. II 138.
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"Wal(e v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/wale_v>
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