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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Abbay, n. Also: abbaye, abbai, abay, abey; abba, aba; abby. [ME. abbay (13th c.), abbey, OF. abaie, abbaie (mod. F. abbaye), late L. abbādia, abbātia, f. abbāt Abbot.] An abbey. 1375 Barb. xx. 599.
At the abbay of Melros
1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
The parys auter of the Abbay of the Halyrudehous
a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 52.
Na man … In abay, na in vildirnes
c1420 Wynt. vi. 235; etc.
Sa mony Abbays fowndyde he As lettyrys ar in the A, B, C
1456–70 Liber Aberbr. 105.
Kyrkis with outheris possessionis gyfyn to the sayd abbay in almus
c1475 Wall. viii. 516.
Abbays thai spard, and kyrkis quhar thai ȝeid
1490 Reg. Dunferm. 21.
The alemosener of the aba of Dynfermlyn
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 250/6.
In his tyme sanct Colme come in Scotland and biggit mony abbais
1535 Stewart 59641.
He spulȝeit hes the plesand fair abba … In Maldosens of sanct Fiancorus
1537 Lynd. Depl. Magd. 165.
Thow suld haue sene hir Coronatioun, In the fair Abbay of the Holy rude
1561 Misc. Maitl. C. III. 286.
Fermorar of the fruitis of the Abbaye of Lundoris
a1578 Pitsc. I. 341/29.
King Harrie … wald cause him to cast doune the abbayis of Scotland
1622-6 Bisset II. 44/13.
King Mordoch … founded the abbay of Quhythorne
1641 Acts V. 602/2.
The forsaid abay of Glenluce
1691 Foulis Acc. Bk. 135.
The tennis court at the abay

2. In attrib. use, as in abbay kirk, land, place, ȝett. 1505 Crosraguel Chart. I. 63.
Foure dwelling-houssis … at the abbay yete
1510 Reg. Privy S. I. 317/1.
The said abbot [of Melrose], abbay landis and gudis thairof
1531 Bell. Boece I. 232.
The abbay kirk was dotat efter be King Malcolne the madin
1546 Acts II. 470/1.
Abbayis, abbay placis, … chapellis and vtheris speretuale mennis housis
1543 Carte Northberwic 64.
Wythin the bundis … of the … abay landis of Northt Berwyk
a1578 Pitsc. II. 89/17.
The Frenchemen … montit artaillȝe … wpoun the wallis of the abbay kirk
1570 Leslie 72.
The King and Quene … lodged in the abby placeis
a1605 Birrel Diary 8.
Ther wes daily placketts … sett upone the Abby yett of Holyroudhous

3. Abbay croun, a coin minted at Holyrood, current in the latter part of the 16th century. 1560 Stirling Merch. Guilds 75.
Thre crownis of the rois, thre abay crownis
1561 Edinb. Deeds 14.
Thrie ryderis, … ane abaye croune, thrie crownes of the kyng
1569 Edinb. Test. I. 232.
xxiij crownis of the sone and ane abbay crowne, the price of the pece xxxv s.
1592 Acts III. 527/1.
The abbay croun [sall now gif] liij s. iiij d.

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"Abbay n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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