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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Abovin, Abufin, adv. and prep. Also: abovyn, abowyn(e; abuffin, abufyn. [ME. aboven, abuven, OE. abú fan, with unusual Northern retention of the final n: cf. Abone, Aboun, and Abufe.]

A. adv. Above; in an upper or superior position. 1375 Barb. xvii. 367.
Thai … That war abovin [E. abowyne] apon the wall
Ib. 653.
Thai abovin [E. aboun] defendit ay
1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
The forsayde v chapellys sal be thekyt abovyn with stane
c1475 Wall. i. 178.
Bot God abowyn has send ws sum ramede
fig. 1375 Barb. v. 599; Ib. xiv. 204.
Gif thou seis me abovin [E. abowyn] be, Thou sall haf vapnys in gret plente

b. Abovin-, abufin-writtin (= Abone-writtin), etc. 1391 Lennox Mun. 44.
The … thingis abufin writin leleli to kepe
1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 7.
Thir last twa sowmis abowyn writtyn
1474 Rec. Aboyne 18.
The … sowmys abufyn expremit
1507–8 Rec. Earld. Orkney 80.
Day and place abowin writin
c1550-79 Chron. Fortirgall 121.
The bra of Rannoch was hareyd be them abowin wryttyn

B. prep. Above, over. 1375 Barb. x. 31; etc.
Johne of Lorne gerte his menȝhe Enbuschit be abovyn [E. abowyn] the way
1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
The voute abovyn Sant Stevinys auter
c 1420 Liber Calchou 450.
The hede vayn … that lies nest abowin the hart wayn
c1420 Wynt. ii. 2593 (W).
Abuffin ilk personis poll There name [was] writtin
1454 14th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. iii. 10.
Als wele vndir erde as abouyn
1488 Dunferm. B. Rec. 2.
The qwhilk loft is abowyn the almus hows

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"Abovin adv., prep.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Jun 2024 <>



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