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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Afald, Afauld, adj. Also: afalde, afaild, afauld(e, afawld; afold, afould; affald, affauld, affawld (-fawlid, -fawald); aifald, ayfald, aefauld. See further Anefald, Aufald, and Efald. [Early ME. and ONhb. ānfald (WS. ānfeald), f. ān one, fald fold, = OS. and OFris. ēnfald, ON. einfaldr. After the 14th cent. only in Sc. use, and very common throughout the 16th cent.]

1. Single; comprising only one. 1375 Barb. xx. 618.
Afald [E. afauld] god in trinite
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 457.
Afald godhed, … In personys thre
1560 Rolland Seven S. 11/32.
My afald barne, and eik my onlie Air

2. Simple, sincere, unvarying; free from duplicity or deceit. Of friendship, affection, feeling, counsel, etc.(a) 1465 Bk. Carlaverock I. 145.
To stand in afald kendnes, supple, and defencs, ilk an til odir, in all thair caussis and querrell
1481 Fam. Rose 145.
Jn afavld help, suple, manteinans and defense
1496 Douglas Chart. 157.
That the said lordis sall stand ilkane till vtheris in afauld trew and hertly kindnes … as kinnis men aucht to do
1513 Doug. vii. Prol. 209.
Heir I … , with afald [Sm. afauld] diligens, This nixt buke … Has thus begun
Ib. ix. vii. 76.
With afald voce thus wys he maid his boyn
1535 Stewart 1617.
His afald will … He schew that tyme thair for the commoun weill
1539 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 199.
Gudeman and broider, … tak me by the hand and stand in afauld kindnes
1570 Liber Scon 210.
Havand consideracoun of the … trew afald gryte laubouris and guid seruice done to ws
1604 Acts IV. 264/1.
Stedfast and a-fauld groundis of vniforme societie
1617 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 306.
What I wryte, it is from a afald mynd
(b) 1521 Grant Chart. 66.
The said Donald and Alexander ar sworne … in affald kyndnes … athir othir to defend
c1630 Scot Narr. 422.
Contempt that may steinȝie the puritie … of your affauld concurs with us
(c) 1484 Misc. Spald. C. II. 254.
In leill trew and ayfald manrent and seruice
1490 Ib. IV. 186. 1598 Crim. Trials II. 30.
Haifing concludit to promeis ayfald concurrence to vtheris
1622-6 Bisset I. 84/26.
Sir James Balfoure [is to be remembered] for senceir æfauld and glaid concurrance to perfyte this wark

b. Frequent in the phrase to take (ane or his) afald part, and variations of this. 1477 Misc. Spald. C. II. 252.
We sal tak ane afald pairt in al his leifful … actionis
1481 Fam. Rose 145.
To tak afovld part wyth the said baron
1509 Buccleuch Mun. 118.
[To] take ane afald plane and vpricht part with vtheris, in all thair leifful and honest materis
1543 15th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. ix. 19.
I … sall tak his trew and afald part agane all that de and leif maye
1544–5 Lamont P. 54.
Keipand ane leil trew and affawld pairt till us
1588 Misc. Spald. C. IV. 241.
That I sall take ane trew, unfenȝeit, and afald pairt with him thairin

3. Of persons: Sincere, true, faithful. c1475 Wall. x. 568.
My afald freynd quhen I was hardest stad!
1513 Doug. xii. xi. 102.
Amata … Quhilk at all tymys thyne afald frend has bene
Ib. xiii. vii. 90.
Trastis weill Enee afald and kynd
1530 Edinb. B. Rec. 34.
That ilkane … stand afald lele and trew in freyndlie luf and kyndnes till vtheris
1535 Stewart 47802.
That this Wallace … Sa afald wes ay for the commoun weill
1555 Peebles B. Rec. 225.
To stand gud afald and kyndelie freindis with the said communite in all lefull besynes
1618 Lithgow Poet. Rem. 9.
Your Lo. most afold and quotidian oratour

b. Const. with to (prep. or with inf.) or till. 1509 Montgomery Mem. 73.
All the saidis partiis sall … ilkane … stand afald and kyndlie till otheris
1533 Bell. Livy I. 112/26.
The … princes of Latynis stude afald to the opinioun and mynde of Tarquyne
Ib. I. 229/5.
This Lectorius was mare feirs and afald [L. acrior] to put this new law to executioun than was Volero

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"Afald adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Apr 2024 <>



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