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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Buklar(e, Bukler, n. Also: buclar(e, buklair, bucklar(e, bukclar, boucklar; bukleir, bowk-, buckler. [ME. bukler, bok(e)ler, boc(e)ler (a 1300), OF. bucler, boucler. Cf. ON. buklare.]

1. A buckler; a small round shield.(a) c1420 Wynt. viii. 2060.
Fra that carle mycht do na mare, The lefft hand held fast the buklare
1425 Acts II. 10/2.
All vthir ȝemen … salbe [provided] … with suerde, buklare, and knyfe
1456 Ib. 45/2.
A suerde and a buclare
a1500 Rauf C. 517.
He saw na wappinnis thair … Bot ane auld buklair
1546 Acta Conc. MS. XXI. 62 b.
Ane hugtoun, … ane buklair
(b) 1429 Acts II. 18/2.
With … suerd, buklar & knyfe
1474 Reg. Cupar A. I. 196.
With bowys, … swerdis and buklaris
1494 Treas. Acc. I. 240.
Ane buklar and ane swerd belt to the King
c1500-c1512 Dunb. l. 9 (M).
Ane fairer knycht … may nother … beir bucklar nor brand
1513 Doug. vii. xii. 97.
Bukclaris thai bair, with boys or plait of steill
1531 Bell. Boece I. 153.
The bowmen … faucht with swerdis and litil buklaris
Id. Livy I. 94/27.
Thai bure buklaris in stede of targis
1533–4 Melville Chart. 74.
Jak, steill bonat, swird, and buclar
1558 Crim. Trials I. 403.
With swerdis, buklaris, Jedburcht stalffis, and vtheris wappynnis invasiue
1561 Prestwick B. Rec. 66.
Ane pow ax, suerd and buklar
a1568 Scott ii. 183.
Abone his brand ane bucklar blak
a1586 Lindesay MS. 84.
To keip him with his buklar or paves
(c) c1475 Wall. iii. 359.
Ane Inglisman, on the gait, saw he play At the scrymmagis, a bukler on his hand
1513 Doug. ii. iv. 49.
Thai … Hyd thame behynd the boys of hir bukleir
Ib. vii. x. 74.
Bos bukleris coverit with cuyrbulȝe
1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 294.
Ane c [men] with sordis and bowkleris
1578 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 67.
Ewery ane … sall have ane lang speir, by jakkis, steilbonettis, suord and bukler

b. In figurative or allusive uses. 1536 Lynd. Answ. Flyting 68.
Sum sayis thare cummis ane bukler furth of France, Quhilk wyll indure ȝour dintis
a1568 Bann. MS. 261 b/25.
Hir buclar [M. buclair] bord and backwart borne
1558 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 101.
To be the scheild and bucklare to thair lustes and heresiis
1567 G. Ball. 107.
His word … Sall be thy buklar and thy beild
c1590 J. Stewart 109 § 8.
Be thow my boucklar and my beild
1588 Misc. Spald. C. II. 61.
Althoicht my serwandis suwer ill, To myne ane buklar will I be

2. Attrib. or comb. with makar, play, swerd.Cf. ME. buklermaker (1415), bokeler player (1448). 1483 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 47.
Blaksmythis, … buclar makaris, armoreris, and all vtheris
1506 Treas. Acc. III. 394.
To Simon Glasfurd, buklarmakar, for hornyng of foure targatis
1578 Edinb. Test. VI. 243.
George Watson, bucklar maker
1535 Stewart 59013.
At buklar pla … In all Ingland that tyme maik had he nane
1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 17.
To Maister Francoyis … that playit buklair play with the King
1549 Treas. Acc. IX. 298.
Foure elnis of … sylk, to bynde the hande of his buklar sweird
1569 Inverness B. Rec. I. 179.
Ane buclar sourd and ane steill bonnet

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"Buklar n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <>



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