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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Care, Cair, n. Also: car, caer, cear; caire, cayr(e; kair, keare. [ME. care (kare), OE. caru.]

1. Care, distress of mind, anxiety; trouble or pain.(a) 1375 Barb. xx. 586.
The banys richt honorabilly … war Erdit, with dule and mekill car
a1400 Leg. S. iii. 642.
Thi tormentis sall leste, … deand but drede in lestand car
Ib. ix. 90.
With that wourd, … The seke wes heylit of his care
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 760.
Twenty thousand … They slew that nyght with dole & care
c1420 Wynt. v. 1117.
The comfort off my care, my sone, Agayne the lauche to dede is done
c1420 Ratis R. 1121.
[A] child can no mare Bot lauch or gret for joy and care
c1475 Wall. v. 396.
This is no thing bot eking off my car
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1121.
It semyt … that kendillit wes care
(b) c1475 Wall. ii. 170.
Scotland is left in cayr
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 470.
Thought I haif cair, … Ȝit haif I solace
a1500 Seven S. 1911.
Ȝone cursit pyot, God gif hir caire
1513 Doug. ii. vii. 19.
Our alquhar dreid, our alquhar wo and cayr
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5143.
Thay depart frome cair and cummer Frome trubyll, trauell, sturt and stryfe
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3544.
Kindillar of cair, bald baldestrod
1567 Sat. P. iv. 163.
My kingdome [was] cair, my wealth was ay in weir
1572 Ib. xxxii. 51.
We wait of nocht but meikle cair and cummer
a1570-86 Maitl. F. xxiii. 30.
Thy lyf is nocht bot cair without blythnes
(c) a1568 Scott xxiv. 8.
Quhome to sall I complene my wo, And kyth my kairis … ? Dunb. xxi. 2 (B). The kairis kene of Cupeid king
1596 Dalr. I. 2/22.
Quhill Brutus with grett sollicitude and kair was seiking a resting place

2. Expression of grief; lamentation. a1400 Leg. S. ii. 94.
Slepand sa he deit thare, Quham for mony mad gret care
Ib. xxxiii. 163.
Mare care mad neuir ony man!
a1500 Seven S. 277.
The emprys murnyt and maid grit caire
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1446.
Boith beistis and foulis in the air In thare maneir maid mekle cair
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1348.
The King was noyit to se hir mak sic cair

3. Assiduous or benevolent attention. 1558-66 Knox II. 57.
To lett his afflictit understand that he tuik cair for thame
Ib. 200.
The poore … commended to our cayre
1560 Rolland Seven S. 180.
Ȝe may considder the greit cair, The thocht and mynde scho tuke … Anent hir sone
a1570-86 Arbuthnot Maitl. F. xxix. 53.
To get sum geir ȝit man I haue greit cair
1590 Burel Pilgr. i. xxxvi.
As the foular casts his cair, His catch for to preuent
1596 Dalr. i. 94/2.
In makeng thame, appeirit na kair or trauel neglected
1602 Wemyss Corr. 55.
The cair your Maiestie hes to sie my Lord off Murray's estait sattlit
1615 Highland P. III. 203.
Thair keare teakin in advansing ȝour Ma[jes]teis seruice
1635 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 30.
Mathow wndertakis to … haif ane cair of the haill leid vpoun the … kirk
1665 Highland P. III. 31.
To recommend unto ȝour Lo[rdshi]ps caire a petition [etc.]

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"Care n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <>



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