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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Fude, Fuid, n. Also: fode, fowd, fud, fwid; fute. [ME. foode, fud(e, fode, OE. fóda.]

1. Food (of man or animals).(a) c 1350 Facs. Nat. MSS. II. 14.
Pro sustentatione sua [gl. for thair fode]
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 757.
Sic fowd Was for his barne and hym gud
(b) a1400 Leg. S. vi. 98.
Hundis ete hym to thare fud
Ib. xxviii. 45.
Scho had symply hyre fud & clath
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 112.
He is nocht cowatice of gud, Deligat, na liccorus of his fud
c1475 Wall. xi. 43.
This land is purd off fud that suld ws beild
(c) 1375 Barb. x. 189.
Syndri cornys … Woxe rype to wyn to mannys fude
a1400 Leg. S. i. 49.
Bred and water wes his fude
c1420 Wynt. i. 158.
Adam worthyde to wyne his fude Off the erde
c1475 Wall. iii. 13.
Wictaill worth scant … Throu all the land, that fude was hapnyt der
a1500 Bernardus 64.
Se thou consyder … Thi bestis fude and plese tham with pasture
1513 Doug. iii. ix. 63.
Thir wrechit mennis flesche, that is his fude
c1536 Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 51.
The Capitane of Badȝeno, Quhilke … did find me fude Two ȝeir with vther houndis mo
1573 Sat. P. xlii. 456.
Thairfoir, … Prouyde me weill anis claith and fude, And neidfull thingis
(d) 1424 Acts II. 6/1.
Brede and aile and all vthir fuyde alsueill to hors as men
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 43.
The vaill … Var full of riches and of gud; Of corne, cattell, vyne, and lyvis fuid
1513 Doug. viii. vi. 18 (Sm.).
As thiir bestis … Thair fuid of treis did in woddis fet
1538 Crim. Trials I. 207.
My wyf and x barnes … manne peryse for wanting of lyvyse fuyd
a1605 Montg. Son. xlvii. 11.
He that … to mal faggots for his fuid is fane
1622-6 Bisset II. 318/27.
These … become thameselfis fuid for wyld beistis

b. Freq. in the alliterative phrase falt of fude. c1420 Wynt. i. 734.
In fawt of fude at thai noucht fayle
c1460 De Reg. Princ. 216 (M).
Cryand vengeance for falt of lyveis fude
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 122.
Your folk ar febill and faynt for falt of thair fude
1513 Doug. vii. i. 20.
For falt of fude constrenyt so thai war
15.. Clar. iii. 754.
For fault of foude scho was in poynt to swone
1558 Black Bk. Taymouth 124.
Mony wyld hors … peryst and deyt for falt of fude

2. In figurative senses. 1456 Hay I. 12/16.
A man that … takis to his fude the sedis of errouris and herisy
1490 Irland Mir. I. 45/33.
This is the fud … of the saule
Ib. 46/26.
The … fude of the wourd of God
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxii. 54.
His face, the fude of angellis fre
1513 Doug. x. Prol. 138.
Thy flesch and blude in form of wyne and bred, To be our fuyd of grace
1533 Gau 93/8.
Thy halie word … quhilk is … the fwid of our saul
1562-3 Winȝet II. 29/13.
The heuinlie fuid of the apostolik … doctrine

3. A child; a person or man. (Only in alliteration with the adj. frely.) 1375 Barb. iii. 579.
Men mycht se mony frely fute [: Bute], About the costis thar lukand
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 192.
Of hyre wit scho ȝed nere wod For sorow of that frely fud [sc. a child]
c1420 Wynt. vii. 580.
Syne Saxon and the Scottys blude Togyddyr is in yhon frely fwde, Dame Mald oure qwene
1540 Lynd. Sat. 644 (B).
Quhen freindis meitis hairtis warmes, Quod Johnne that frely fude

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"Fude n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Jun 2023 <>



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