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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Hat(e, Hait, a. Also: haite, haitt, hayt, haet, heat. [Northern ME. hate, hat, OE. hát. Cf. Hote a. and Het a.] Hot, in various physical and transferred senses.

1. Of material things, solid or liquid.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xxii. 346.
Hat irne til his sydis lay
Ib. xxxi. 457.
Be iugment of yrne hat
c1420 Wynt. i. 1161.
All the nycht it [sc. water] is sa hat, … And sa cawlde is on the day
Ib. iii. 238.
Ane hat cole of brynand fyre
a1500 Bk. Chess 932.
To byrne thame baith in hat leid
Ib. 1600.
All the gold [that] Was moltyne hat
1533 Boece xvii. viii. 633 b.
They … crounit hym with hat yrne
(b) 1456 Hay II. 132/32.
Bathe thé nocht in oure hate wateris, hatar na thine awin blude
Ib. 137/16.
Tharfor suld mutoun ay he etyn hate
a1500 Bernardus 33.
As the fyr throw brandis red and hate Vastis the selffe
(c) 14.. Acts I. 55/2.
Eftir that dome be geyffin of ony man … til ber haite yrn
a1500 Henr. III. 152/59.
Ane … caldrun full of hait caill
c1475 Wall. viii. 726.
Wallace maid full mony byggyng hayt
1513 Doug. ii. i. 46.
[To] kyndill … flambe of fyris hait
Ib. vii. Prol. 140.
With hayt flambe to fleym the fresyng fell
Ib. v. 90.
A … hait brand lycht byrnand
1531 Bell. Boece I. p. xliii.
Cawdrounis, playand with hait watter
1533 Boece xvii. viii. 633 b.
Hait yrne [was] schot thorow all partis of his body

b. As an epithet of blude (also flesch), and of a blood-stained hand. c1420 Wynt. v. 2705.
Bathyd [to] be In till innocentys blud all hate
1513 Doug. ii. x. 190.
That I behald … Athir in otheris hait blude leys thar lyfe
Ib. iii. ix. 73.
I saw … the hait flesch vndir his teith flykkerand
1533 Boece vii. x. 241.
Eschamyng nocht quhare thai slay thare inemye to lape the hate blude
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. 85.
Gif he is takin with reid or hait hand of slauchter

c. As a quality of things, esp. food. 1456 Hay II. 118/31.
Gif a man … be fed with hate and dry metis
Ib. 121/23.
Bark of a tree that is hate and dry
Ib. 137/13.
Syk maneris of fleschis quhilkis … ar hate and dry
Ib. 140/14.
Thir hate wynis ar nocht gude for ȝong hate men

d. As an epithet of fever. Cf. Fever n. 2. 1531 Bell. Boece I. 219.
He tuik sic malancholy … that he fel in ane hait fever
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5098.
Ȝitt strykith he … Sum be hait feueris violence
a1578 Pitsc. I. 112/29.
He tuik the heat fewer
1600-1610 Melvill 139.
A deadlie hat fiver

2. Of persons (either in excess or normally) or parts of the body. 1375 Barb. xii. 145.
His men … Hynt of thair basnetis … Till avent thame, for thai var hat
c1420 Wynt. III. 89.
He was for-runnyne hate
Ib. 299.
Sampsone … was Sa hate and thrysty
1456 Hay II. 118/27.
Gif he be hate and dry, he suld have moyst and calde metis
a1500 Seven S. 1103.
Thow art our hait, And thow will cule and thow stand thare
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2065.
Mittennis … Till hald my handis hait
a1500 Doug. K. Hart 659.
Quha sittis hate and feld nevir cauld
Ib. 831.
I sit warme and hait
1533 Bell. Livy I. 123/10.
The princis war hait … be the wynis
1540 Lynd. Sat. 372.
My body … quhiles is hait as fyre

3. Of the weather, seasons, etc. a1400 Leg. S. xl. 564.
Be the gate Rist [= rest] tha cane, for it wes hate
1456 Hay II. 84/7.
Thare came … a birnand hate wynd
Ib. 130/3.
That tyme is … hate and clere in the ayre
Ib. 131/23.
In the hatast houre of the day
c1475 Wall. ix. 17 (1570).
Aries, the hait signe colerik
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 162/2.
The land is so hait & dry
1513 Doug. v. v. 55.
The eddyr amyd the way Lurkand or glydand, in the hait symmyrris day
a1585 Maitl. Q. xxxviii. 27.
In somer the haitt canicular day
c1590 Fowler I. 63/152.
Thair [was] ice evin on the hatest dayes
fig. 1375 Barb. viii. 66.
Gif at thai Vald throu thair fayis hald thar gat; Bot that vay thoucht thame all to hat

4. Of persons (also animals) in respect of disposition or temper. ?1438 Alex. ii. 3919.
Amuffis thow nocht and he nocht hait!
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 215.
The thrid [steed] Peros, richt hait and richt feruent
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 100.
Schir Kay wes haisty and hate
Ib. 742.
Ane berne … hardy and hait
1513 Doug. iv. ii. 35.
Onhappy Dido, … byrnyng hait as gleyd
Ib. xi. xiii. 137.
Scho than als hait as fyre … Alicht
1533 Bell. Livy II. 203/13.
Mony hait men war among the Gaulis
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus Prol. 67.
He that hes the nature of the fyre Is euer hait, in crabitnis and ire
1562-3 Winȝet I. 26/23.
As ane soldiour of the Kirk of Laodicea, that is, nother haet nor cauld
c1590 Fowler II. 159/35.
To be hate and hastie in execution
1587-99 Hume i. 25.
The falcon … hait, … fleeing in the sky

5. Of war or contention. c1420 Wynt. ix. 545.
In hate were the Inglis men Had on the se thare bargis then
?1438 Alex. ii. 8502.
Quhar euer thay ga, the fecht was heat
c1475 Wall. v. 834.
Hardy and hat contenyt the … melle
1513 Doug. vii. ix. 77.
Thys hait fury of slauchtyr, and fell afray
1570 Leslie 282.
Thair was … hat scarmishing … with harcabushers, culveringis and pistolettis
1600-1610 Melvill 27.
The warres betwix Leithe and Edinbruche being verie hat
Ib. 446.
The meittings … war factius, … hait and unordourlyk

6. Of feelings, esp. desires. c1420 Wynt. viii. 2971.
Be dyspyte and hat inwy … he tholyd this martyry
?1438 Alex. ii. 5591.
His hart in ire was hate in hy
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 29.
Thocht lufe be hait, ȝit in ane man of age [etc.]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lvii. 16 (M).
For hait desyr off varldis gud
1513 Doug. iv. Prol. 11.
Fosteraris of … carnail hait delyte
15.. Clar. iii. 1442.
In heat desyre he was ay birnand
a1570-86 Maitl. F. xxix. 32.
The fyre of haitred kindlit is so hait

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"Hat adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Nov 2023 <>



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