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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Hede, Heid, v.1 Also: hed, heyde, head. [Northern ME. hede, hed (c 1300), also heved Hevid v.; f. Heden.1] tr. To behead (a person). Also absol.(a) 1375 Barb. v. 402.
All the presoners … gert he hed ilkane
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 160.
Paule [he] … bad hedit suld be
Ib. ix. 318.
Sum men sais … That he richt thane heddyt wes
a1500 Bk. Chess 495.
Under bannysing Or to be hedit
1529 Rec. Earld. Orkney 59.
Edward Sinclar … hedit and slew in ane bern 7 men of Zeitland
1571 Misc. Spald. C. II. 37.
Captane James Cullen was hedyd at Leycht
(b) a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 901.
Sum wer heidit, sum stanit
1515 Acta Conc. MS. XXVII. 83.
The said lard … quhen he wes passand to deid to be heidit declarit
1535 Stewart 3531.
The counsallouris … Till heid or hang as thame self lykit best
1549 Compl. 162/14.
He gart his flaschar lay ther craggis on ane stok and gart heyde them
1571 Sat. P. xxix. 35.
Sum for the hure garris heid thameselff
1596 Dalr. I. 292/15.
The Scotis … heidet thair the deid lyeris
c1650 Spalding II. 391.
And schortlie, with ane maiden, he wes heidit
(c) 1592 Crim. Trials I. 358.
Capitane Johne Gordoun … wes headitt and hes man wes hangitt
1685 Red Bk. Grandtully II. 269.
Argyll is to die on Tuesday nixt, whither headed or hanged I cannot yet tell

b. In the phr. To hede and hing (hang). Also quasi-intr. and absol. 1375 Barb. iv. 30.
The king … gert draw hym, & hede & hing
a1500 Bk. Chess 500.
Wuder the pane … to heid or hang
a1500 Doug. K. Hart 528.
Fals tratouris … That seruit weill be draw, both heid and hing
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3218 (B).
Ane king … That purposis to heid and hang ws
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xxi. 62.
Quhen ane of thame sustenis wrang We cry for justice, heid and hang
1601 Frasers of Philorth 267.
To heid and hang, burne and drowne the saidis trausgressouris [etc.]
1634 Stirling's Royal Lett. II. 761.
Infeftments … with power to hang, head, imprison, [etc.]
?1661-5 M. Bruce Soul-Confirmation 3.
They will head and hing them

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"Hede v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <>



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