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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
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Hevin, Hewin, n. Also: hevine, -yne, -inn; heven, heiven; hewine, -yn(e, -en(e, -eyne; heavin(g, -en, -un; heawin, -en, havyn. [ME. hevin, -yn, hevene, hefene, OE. hefen, heofon, str. m., heofone wk. fem. See also Havin n.2]

1. The sky, the upper air. Also in pl.Occasionally, one of the celestial spheres of early cosmography.(1) (a) a1400 Leg. S. v. 566.
Hevand his handis vpe to the hevyn
1456 Hay i. 210/5.
The grete God … maid twa lumynaris in the hevin
Ib. II. 100/6.
The dew of hevyn
1490 Irland Mir. I. 58/5.
The firmament full of sternis, … and aboue it the hevin clere lik cristall
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 26.
The purpur hevyn our scailit in silvir sloppis
1513 Doug. ii. iii. 80.
This statw of tre … weil neir the hevyn on hycht
Ib. vi. xiii. 89.
The wpberar of the hevin, Atlas
1528 Lynd. Dreme 422.
Lanterne of the hevin and glader of the sterris
1596 Dalr. I. 44/28.
The clemencie of the hevin, and gentlenes of the wethir
(b) a1400 Leg. S. i. 89.
Than lyftyt he his ene to hewin
Ib. iii. 773.
Thar come a lycht fra the hewyne
c1420 Wynt. v. 40.
A cyrkyll … That tyll ane arche of hewyn wes Apperand lyk
c1475 Wall. viii. 1189.
The humyll breyth doun fra the hewyn awaill
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxix. 2.
Thir dirk and drublie dayis, Quhon sabill all the hewin arrayis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3433.
From the hewin brinstone and fyr … ranit doun
(c) 1558-66 Knox II. 329.
He devised of wonderouse sigbes that he saw in the heavin
1570 Misc. Bann. C. I. 40.
Luiking up to the heaving, as gif he had bene begynand a prayer
(2) pl. 1490 Irland Mir. I. 57/6.
The hevinnis, speris, elementis
1513 Doug. vii. i. 19.
The byrdis … gan meys and glaid the hevynnys
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 245.
The heych heuinnis, with all thair ornamentis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 379/6.
Ane great clude come out of the heavins
c1590 J. Stewart 201 § 4.
Aurora haid the heawens ourcled … Vith celest air

b. In the phrase under hevin, under the hevin, chiefly as a verse-tag. c1400 Troy-bk. i. 399.
Nane was wiser vndre the hewene
?1438 Alex. ii. 5466.
The worthiast that leiffis Wndir the heuin
1461 Liber Plusc. I. 382.
All the wyndis that vnder the hevyn amovis
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 252.
Al thai that ar wrocht vndir the hie hevin
Ib. 1317.
All that I haue wndir hewyne
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 89.
A goun … Off ewiry hew under the hevin
1560 Rolland Seven S. 339.
All science vnderneth the heuin
1570 Sat. P. xii. 75.
We want na vice vnder the heuin

2. The habitation of God, the angels, saints, and blessed souls.(a) 1375 Barb. ii. 144.
Der god, that is off hevyn king, Sawff hym
Ib. xx. 250.
He gaf The gast, that God till hevin couth haf
a1400 Leg. S. x. 348.
Mariage was fyrste that God of hevine … mad
?1438 Alex. ii. 4822.
I say it nocht, be heuinnys King
1456 Hay I. 282/30.
The sanctis in hevyn
Ib. II. 70/11.
All the haly court of hevin
1490 Irland Mir. I. 107/36.
Thai war … resauit in hevin above with angellis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. ix. 100.
The hevenis blis, the hellis hiddous feid
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 462.
In Criste is all my traste and hevynnys queyn
1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 342.
God … preserve your grace in lang lyfe … with the hevin at your depairting
1567 G. Ball. 7.
The keyis of heuin will I gif vnto thé
1570 Sat. P. xv. 62.
All the celestiall hoste of hevin
1596 Dalr. I. 254/4.
In hevinn his reward gratiouslie hes he obteynet
(b) 1375 Barb. ii. 341.
He … Sall herbryit in-till hewyn be
Ib. xx. 414.
Hewynnis blis suld be thair meid
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 308.
I am nocht dede, Bot lestand lyf in hewine I led
Ib. iv. 206.
For the luf of god of hewyn
c1460 Wisd. Sol. 828.
The angell of the hewyne sal bitterly gret
a1500 Henr. III. 106/8.
The moyr of age the nerar hewynnis blys
c1475 Wall. xi. 1236.
Now in hewin he has his heretage
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lx. 6.
His moder quein off heweyne
1533 Gau 20/7.
Thay sinnis quhilk criis ane wengence to the hewine
1588 Cath. Tr. 187.
Elias … was reweseit to the hewenis in ane chariot of fyre
(c) c1568 Lauder Minor P. i. 157.
The godlie sall in heavin have thair intrance
a1578 Pitsc. II. 78/28.
I sall pray for ȝow that our ioy may be in heavun witht our Sawieour
1584 Sat. P. xlv. 378.
Nychtboris sex or sewin, That we belevit had beue in heawin
1611-57 Mure Misc. P. xiii. 10.
Quho … , Receaued in grace, the heawins in sanctis hath stoired
attrib. a1400 Leg. S. v. 547.
That thu Vith me … et now One myn bwrd vith hevine blyse
1456 Hay I. 31/27.
Our Lord … gave the keyis of hevin ȝettis to sanct Petir
fig. c1568 Lauder Minor P. i. 135.
As the faithfull … dois begin thair heauin in earth heir doun

b. The possess. hewynnis used as adj., = of heaven, befitting heaven, heavenly. c1400 Troy-bk. i. 344.
Of golde that was burnyst so bricht That it semyt a hewynnis sycht

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"Hevin n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 4 Feb 2023 <>



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