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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Justice, n. Also: (justic,) justyce, jwstyce, justis, -ys, -es. Plur. justicis, -es, -ez also justice, justis, justyis. [ME. iustice, iustise (1137–54), also iustys, -is (a 1300), OF. justise, -ice, L. jūstitia.]

I. 1. Administration of the law in maintenance of right or equity; judicial execution of the law by assignment of reward or punishment; also, the judicial proceedings attendant upon these. Common in the phrase to do justice (on, to or till one).(1) c1420 Wynt. vi. 1893.
He wes in justice rycht lawchfull, And till hys legis all awfull
Ib. ix. 2359.
Swa in coloure off justis, Set it wes nane, be rasit assis
1449 Acts II. 36/2.
It is ordanit at the Justice do law … & quhar he may nocht hald iustice of masterful men he sal … certify the King thairof
1456 Hay I. 153/18.
Gif the baroun … haldis him … thare quhare he has bathe hye and law justice, jurisdictioun and powar to do justice
Ib. 269/19.
All justice is sett with continuacioune of dais
Ib. 271/15.
In justice ordinare … before a juge a man suld mak his clayme be a libell in wrytt
1487 Acts II. 176/1.
That his maiestie sall grant na remissiounis to sic persounis nor suffer thame to be deliuerit nor put fra justice
1527 Bk. O. Edinb. C. XI. 115.
That ye admitt na sic writtingis of ouris to stop justice
1531 Bell. Boece I. 6.
Hiber … left his broder to governe thaim be his autorite and justice
1532 Acts II. 335/2.
Becaus our souerane … tendis to institute ane college … for the doing and administracioun of justice in all ciuile actions
1533 Acta Conc. Public Aff. 409.
Our officiaris and ministeris of justice for the tyme
1549 D. Beaton Eccles. Hist. Caithness 320.
To desyre the said Erle to deliuer Arche Keyth to justice for violent handis putting on Schir Alexander Mernis
c1568 Lauder Minor P. ii. 37.
Justice is rowpit, as vtheris waris
a1585 Maitland Maitl. Q. li. 35.
Gar thame [the College of Justice] sone sum gud ordour devyis … To furder justice and schortin the lang proces
1582 Reg. Privy C. IV. 500.
Be ressoun the onlie criminall justice in use wer the dayes of law commounelie appointit in Edinburgh, … the purest sort still suffering wrangis without redres be order of justice
Personis … experimentit in the lawes and practik of the criminall justice of his realme
1588 3rd Rep. Hist. MSS. 419/2.
A puir man that dar nocht seik redres of this wrang be the ordinar course of iustice
1594 Acts IV. 72/2.
That the persoun … had fund souirtie to be answerable to iustice … to redres partiis skaithit
1636 Aberd. Council Lett. II. 52.
Depredations … committed be thame … to the heiche and proud contempt of law and justice
1657 Balfour Ann. I. 59.
The cashered Chanceler, Robert, not darring to abyde the Kings justice, and home coming
(2) 14.. Acts I. 61/2.
Justice suld be done equaly
c1420 Wynt. vii. 2767.
Had he [the King] noucht thare-off dwne justys, Thai had hym grewyd mony wys
Ib. viii. 3266.
[The Warden] till his court he yhed rycht swyth And off the lave that entryd ware Jwstyce he dyd evynlyk thare
1449 Acts II. 37/1.
Gif he be summonde thris & comperis nocht … than sal the juge procede in the caus and do justice
1484 Acta Aud. 133/1.
Gif … Henry has ony accioun again ony personis … that he cal thaim therfor and justice salbe doun
1503 Acts II. 241/2.
Als lang as the said lord kepis gude reule & dois justice
[That the sheriff of Ross] sall haue his place to sit in Thane & Dingwale as the caus requiris that he has to do justice on
1521 Fife Sheriff Ct. 280.
Johne Bower [etc.] … slew the said Andro … , & na justice done on thaim
1531 Bell. Boece II. 297.
David … did gret justice, efter his coronation, in all partis of his realme
1597 Skene Verb. S. (Ed. 2) s. v. Colrach.
He quha vsed the replegiation and did not justice
1622-6 Bisset III. 58.
The lordis will procede eftir the forme of the summondis and do justice to the partiis
(3) a1500 Henr. Fab. 1295.
Now few or nane will execute iustice, In falt of quhome the pure man is ouerthraw
1487 Acts II. 176/1.
[Justices to be created] that is of will … to execut justice
(4) 1449 Acts II. 35/2.
At iuste men be maid Justicis … that will minister evinly justice
1550 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 151.
All … committaris of thift [etc.] … to justify and to minister justice upoun thame … efter thair demeritis
(5) c1420 Wynt. vii. 3583.
Be justys he gave and eqwyte Till ilké man that his suld be
1456 Hay I. 298/17.
Quhen his awin sone had forfett be justice his twa eyne
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 51.
The Chamaeleon wes attecheit be iustice and of the Kingis murthour

b. Legal redress of wrong; the granting of one's rights by the intervention of the legal authority. 1456 Hay I. 136/10.
Gif a knycht … be … distrussit, quhethir sall the knycht … have actioun of justice agaynis the doaris
c1460 Regim. Princ. 158 (Maitl. F.).
Justice wald haue … Ane auditour … Quhilk daylie suld minister jugement To pure folk cryand iustice at the dure
1483 Acta Conc. II. cxxxii.
That be way of justice his Majeste suld caus our soverane lady incontinent to be restorit agane to the said Castell of Kilmernok
1491 Dunferm. B. Rec. I. 28.
That he mycht seek justice qwhar thai mycht get it
1515 Douglas Corr. 70.
Thai wald be glayd to leyf ondyr the gret Turk to haf justyce
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10664.
Vpon the quhilks I ask … Justice and richt, euin as the caus requyris
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xxi. 62.
Quhen ane of thame sustenis wrang We cry for justice, heid and hang

c. Legal punishment of a crime. 1526 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 229.
[The justices to] put thame [the maltmakers of Leith] to the knawledge of ane assise for comoune oppressioune and to execute justice vpoune thame gif thai be convict
That the provest and ballies … execute justice vpoune the said Henry efter the forme of the dome gevin agains him
1605 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 233.
The proveist [etc.] … desolat of ane executour to execute the hie justice [on] malefactouris

d. Couper justice: see Cupar n.

2. Justice in the administration of the law; equity. 1456 Hay I. 223/12.
And now mon we se quhat justice and resoune wald in this mater
Ib. II. 4/19.
He had aventurit his persoune to … manetene justis
a1500 Henr. III. 127/33.
God of his justice mon correct
Id. Maitl. F. cxxv. 15.
Thus sould ane lord the ballance of justice hald
1485 Acts II. 170/2.
That na respittis be gevin in tym tocum for tha ar mar agane justice na plane remissions ar
1496 Ib. 238/1.
Throw the quhilkis justice may reigne vniuersalie throw all the realme
1523 Carnwath Baron Ct. 11.
Accordand to law & justis the inqueist findis [etc.]
1560 Rolland Seven S. 8263.
Thow … ilk day … tystit me, Aganis justice, to gar my awin sone die
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 434.
Quhilk percialytie smoris doun Justice in euery land and toun
1570 Sat. P. xviii. 13.
Better justice was not from hence to Rome
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II. 67.
Justice pleades ever for the partie absent

3. Justice as a moral quality; righteousness. 1456 Hay II. 13/17.
All knycht suld have in him thir four thingis … charitee and gude thewis, lautee and justice
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 154.
Thai luf al men that are rycht wyce, Al thare delyt is in justice
1490 Irland Mir. I. 68/1.
This nobile wertu of iustice original was gevin to the first man
1513 Doug. i. ix. 43.
Gif ony deite takis tent To thame at petuus beyn and pacient, For justice eik gif euer reward beis get
a1568 Scott i. 26.
Found on the first four vertewus cardinall, On wisdome, iustice, force and temperans
a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxxvii. 13.
Thy hous … Indewit with … Ingeyne, iugment, iustes and gentilnes

4. a. The College of Justice, see College n. 3.

b. Court of justice, = Justice-court. 1493 Dunferm. B. Rec. I. 368.
The cowrt of justis of the regalite of Dunfermlyn haldyn in the tolbutht of the sammyn
The cowrt of justis is continuit to the viij day of Februerij
a1578 Pitsc. I. 351/17.
The King passit to the Iillis and thair held courtis of iustice
Ib. II. 88/10.
The haill lordis … fenceit thair ane court of iustice in the quens name
1655 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 158.
That thir presentis be insert … in the books of the court of justic, shirreff, commissar or baillie court books of Aberdene
1695 Acts IX. 366/2.
The whole rights … of the said Court of Justice, and of the Lord Justice General, Lord Justice Clerk, and other Judges

c. Sait, seat of justice, = (1) the College of Justice, (2) Justice-court n. 1. Justice seat, a court of justice. a1585 Maitland Maitl. Q. li. 46.
Gif this sait of justice sall not stand Then euerie wicked man at his awin hand [etc.]
Ib. 71.
Sir, thow may gar, vnhurt thy propertie, The sait of justice weill advancit be
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Iter.
All arreistmentes suld be maid before the … beginning of the justice aire and seate of justice
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 96/5.
[You should have] ordinarie counsaillis & iustice seatis in euerie kingdome of thaire owin cuntree men
1633 Acts V. (1870) 46/2.
In all the supreme courts and justice seatts alsweill civill as criminall

5. a. The persons administering the law; a court of justice or judicial body. b. The Scottish (Court of) Justiciary. 1456 Hay I. 207/25.
And this is ay understandin, gif thai lordis of the justice defendis maliciously the ref, and is nocht wilfull to mak reformacioun
1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II. 527.
The Advocat, who continues a pleader before the Sessioun and Justice, whair the Justice Clerk sitts as a judge
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II. 1.
[If the sheriff failed to do justice, the disputes about the right of heritage were advocated] to the justice; quhilk is called the King's court, from which ther wes no appealling, as being supreame

II. 6. The officer of state in Scotland who, either in person or by depute, was charged with the holding of justice ayres and justice courts, as presiding judge and in the name of the sovereign; latterly the supreme criminal judge of Scotland but originally with jurisdiction also in certain civil matters. = Justice generall n., Justiciar n. Also, the Justice criminall.The Anglo-French of mediæval Scotland had justice in this sense: in 1271 Facs. Nat. MSS. I. 32, the witnesses include Alysandre Cumyn conte de Buchan Justice Descoce and Hwe de Berkeley Justice de Loenesse. Already in the time of David I med. L. justitia occurs appar. in the same or a similar application in the preambles of charters of David or of Earl Henry addressed, among others, to justitiis or justitiæ suæ. Later this use of justitia seems to be superseded by med. L. justiciarius.(1) 14.. Acts I. 57/2.
That the twa hed mutis of the Justice [L. Justiciarii] salbe haldin ȝerly at Edinburgh or Peblis
Ib. 347/2.
The amerciament befor the Justice on the north pert of the Scottis see is viij ky … and beȝond the Scottis see as in Lothiane … x li.
All revaris [etc.] … sall compeir and ansuer befor the Kingis Justice
1436 Ib. II. 24/2.
That … the Kingis Justice of baith the sydis of the … Forth … sall hald the law quhair the trespas was done
1449 Ib. 36/2.
That al regaliteis that ar in the Kingis handis … be haldyn in ryalte ande iustifiit be the Kingis Justice
1471 Acta Aud. 12/2.
Anent the complaint made … apon the lord Lile, Justice, anent a breif of mortancestry dependand in the justice are of Couper
1487 Reg. Paisley 24.
James … King of Scottis to oure justicis on southalf the watter of Forth, and to oure schireffs of Are, Renfrew and Dunbertane
1493 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 212.
That the saydis Alexander and Schyr Alexander sal … undirlye … al and quhatsumevir merchis … devidit be the saidis assisowris of perambulacione … sworne tharto … in presens of the Kyngs Justice or his deput, the Bischop of Murray or his commissar
1525 Crim. Trials I. i. *129.
Comperit Williame Andirsone … in presens of my lord Justice and lordis of counsale
1533 Boece ii. iv. 62 b.
Ane vthir authorite callit in oure tyme the Kingis Justice, to quhais authorite pertenis to tak cognicioun of opin crymes
1554 Crim. Trials I. i. 372*.
That thai sal compeir and vnderly oure law for the samin befoir oure Justice or his deputis, in oure tolbooth of Edinburcht
c1575 Balfour Pract. 418.
Actiounis of recognitioun, purpresture, spuilȝie and ejectioun and of the breve of mortancestrie, sould be decidit … befoir the King's Justice
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Iter.
The Justice may not make … deputes or substitutes vnder him except he haue speciall power in his commission to do the samin
1609 Acts IV. 434/2.
[To] find cautioun … for thair comperance befoir his majesteis Justice or lordis of privie counsaill
1626 Justic. Cases I. 42.
Justice, Justice Clerk and ȝour deputis. Quhairas criminall lettres ar direct at the instance of the kin and freindis [etc.]
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II. 10.
The Justice of old wes the supream judge als weill of civill actions as of cryms
(b) c1420 Wynt. vii. 2928.
Schyr Waltyr Alaynsown, Justys off Scotland
Ib. 3195.
The kyngys offycerys … As chawncelare, chawmyrlane, and justis
(2) 1587 Acts III. 457/1.
Ordanis the iustice criminall, his deputtis and all vtheris juges … to proceid and do justice
1622-6 Bisset I. 16/5.
The justice cryminall gettis na thing now ado

b. Also preceded by adjectives of definition or compliment, as generall Justice (cf. Justice generall), gret(e Justice, cheife Justice, heich or high Justice.(1) 1478 Acta Aud. 66/2.
That the dome gevin in the justice are of Coupir … befor John Halden … ane of our souerane lordis generale justice on northt half the watter of Forth … wes evil gevin
1533 Acta Conc. Public Aff. 409.
The erle of Ergile is Generall Justice quhilk is nocht juge competent committit to thaim
(2) 1482 Acts XII. 33/1.
Archebald erle of Angus sal gif oure to oure souerane lord the office of Grete Justice on the south half of the wattir of Forth
1487 Ib. II. 182/1.
It is thocht expedient that twa of thir four persons be nemmyt be our souerane lord to be gret justicis to him on the sowth side of Forth
1537 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 366.
Justice deput and livetennent to … Archibald erle of Argill, … Greit Justice till our souerane lord … owre al his haill realme
1596 Dalr. I. 127/7.(3) c 1604–5 Sc. Hist. Rev. XIX. 270.
In matters that are cryminall the cheife iudicatorie is the Kinges cheife justice;?
1657 Balfour Ann. I. 58.
Allane Durwarke, Lord Cheiffe Justice of Scotland
(4) 1610 Highland P. III. 119.
The royall and souerane pouer of iustice airis whilkis … ar … onlie proper to ȝour maiesteis heich iustice
1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II. 526.
Manie of the pryme officiars of estait who wer not ranked in that Act, as namelie the Lord Stewart, the Admirall, Mairshall, Constable, High Justice and Isher

c. Justicis aire, = Justice aire. Justicis deput, = Justice deput. 1482 Reg. Morton II. 246.
Or ȝhit till all justicis ayris or chawmerlane ayris quhar his men sal happyn to be endyttit or arrestyt
1679 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 379.
The Councill finds it most convenient that they complement the justices aires … with a treat
1503 Acts II. 241/2.
That thair be justicis deputis for the Ilis & schirefis and thai that ar justice & schiref for the northt Ilis to sit in Inuernes or Dingwele

7. Any judge, whether Justice General, Justice Depute, or the holder of a commission of justiciary, charged with the holding of justice courts or justice ayres in the name of the sovereign.(a) 14.. Acts I. 22/2.
Playntis … that fallis to the Kyngis croune sall be enrollyt and yhemyt to the cummyng of the iustyce
1398 Ib. 211/2.
That the justice sal tak knaulage of the officeris how thai gowerne thaim in thair offices
1431 Acts II. 20/2.
Apone the mater of the Kingis liegis that … bade at ham withoutyn the Kingis leff … the iustice sal mak a ditta within thar iustris
1449 Ib. 36/1.
That justicez, chaumerlanis, crownaris & vthir officiaris that makis cours throu the lande ryde bot with competent & esy nowmer
1482 Acta Aud. 98/2.
Anent the wrangwis occupation … of the common of Cademure … to be … declarit be ane inquisitioun … to be … chargit thairto be oure souerane lordis justice in the next justice ayre to be haldin at … Peblis
1487 Acts II. 177/2.
That all ciuile accionis … be determytt … befor the juge ordinaris, as justice, chaumerlane, schireffis [etc.]
1526 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 229.
That Archibald Douglas, provest of Edinburgh, Thesaurer William Scott of Balwery, justice, in absence of the Justice-generale, and Nichol Crawford … , justice-clerk, call the said maltmen to compere before thame
1554 Crim. Trials I. i. *368.
In presence of the said justice-depute comperit Andro Layng [etc.] … quha … become in will to oure souerane lady and hir justice in hir name
1582 Reg. Privy C. III. 500.
Courtes of justiciaire to be haldin … be his hienes justices and commissioners speciallie appointit to that effect electit of the nowmer of the senatoures of his College of Justice [etc.]
1593 Acts IV. 40/2.
To entir the personis … befoir the Justice principall or his deputis or justiceis tobe constitute be commissioun
1671 Justiciary Rec. II. 30.
A commission under his majesties great seal … to John Earl of Athol, his majesties Justice general, Sir John Home of Renton, Knight, his majesties Justice clerk, Alexr Lord Halkerton [etc.] … to be his majesties justices in all criminal causes
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. ii. xi. 2. (1678) 402.
Lords of Regality … though they be accounted inferiour judges when compared with the Justices or Commissioners of Justiciary
Ib. xv. 4. (1678) 427.
The Justices are only judges competent to these crimes, which are call'd placita corona, the pleys of the crown
1683 Martine Reliq. Divi Andreae 63.
Regalities … have as large a jurisdiction as the shreifes have in civills, or the justices in criminalls
(b) 1472 Peebles B. Rec. 168.
Thai sal be banyst the town … and gewyn has rabellouris to the Kyngis justis
1488 Treas. Acc. I. 93; Ib. 104.
The justis costis the tyme of the Ayre of Lannerik
1490 Ib. 131.
The costis made be the chanslare, the ij justis, the thesaurare and clerkis in the tyme of the justis ayre of Edinburgh, v dais
(c) c1420 Wynt. viii. 4003.
The Inglis men … made balyheys, schyrrawys and justyis And offycyaris on syndry wyis

b. The presiding judge of a particular diet of the justice court or justice ayre. 1471 Acta Aud. 12/2.
And als that the lord Lile be warnit to be at the samyn day to schew his part sen he was justice
1561–2 Crim. Trials I. i. 418*.
Albeit the justice compellit him at this tyme to pas vpone the said Mr. Williames assise
1584 Ib. ii. 137.
The justice, vpoun certane allegeances … continewit the mater
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Iter.
The commission and power given to the justice suld be produced & red
1626 Justic. Cases I. 37.
The panell … declairis to my lord justice that it is trew that thair was ane tryst appointit at Dundie
1629 Ib. 120.
The justice be the mouth of Jon McAirtour dempster of court decernit [etc.]

c. Applied ironically to a hangman. c1475 Wall. vii. 30.
Thar ordand thai thir lordis suld be slayne; A justice maid, quhilk wes of mekill mayne
Ib. 39.
Than chesyt thai a justice fers and fell, Quhilk Arnwlff hecht, … He wndretuk to pyne thaim with the cord
Ib. 51.]
[The new justice rasawit was in Ayr, … The ayr was set in Jun the auchtand day

8. The Justice of a lord of regality, with jurisdiction equivalent to that of the royal Justices. 1476 Acta Aud. 57/1.
As wes proffit be a testimoniale of the erle of Ergylis, justice to the abbot of Halyrudhous
1490 Dunferm. B. Rec. I. 368.
The justis court of Dunfermlyn be Schir Dauy Stewart justis of the regalite
1491 Acta Conc. I. 202/2.
Schir Robert Abircrummy … & Johne Lyon … , pretendit Justicez to George Bischop of Dunkelden
1532 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 75.
Comperit in jugment Master Abrahaam Creichton proloquitor of Archbald Betoun Justice of the Regalite of Dunfermlen in presens of the said Archbald

9. a. One who has a local and separate power of justiciary over a particular area. b. Applied to Justices of Peace. 1480 Orkney & Sh. Rec. I. 53.
Thomas Inglis, Justice of the said land [Orkney] and fowde of Schetland
1516 Misc. Spald. C. V. 395.
In the lawting … befor ane nobill … man, Shir Wilȝem Sincler … , Justice of Orkna for the tyme
1541 Reg. Privy S. II. 605/1.
Makand the said Oliuere and his airis male justices, schireffis, admirallis and baillies of … the forsaidis landis [of Orkney and Shetland] … for … thre ȝeiris
1569 Reg. Privy C. II. 38.
Thai being this assegeid, wer be the Erll of Caithnes as Justice of that schyre, and his said sone as depute, chargeit to find souertie to underly the law for the saidis allegeit crymes
1582 Ib. III. 501.
Deliverand the uther half of the same compositionis to his hienes particular justices abonewrittin in the severall boundis committit to everie ane of thame
1617 Acts IV. 538/1.
All magistrattis of burghis … sall ressave into thair prissones all suche persones as … salbe … sent vnto thame by warrandes vnder the hand of onie one justice of peace, the saidis justices causing satisfie for thair intertenement
Ib. 539/2.
Yow sall … at everie quarter sessiounes and meitingis of justices geve trew … informatioun of onye breache … of his maiesties peace

10. A criminal judge, generally; espec, a judge in fiction, conceived of as a Scottish Justice or as having similar functions. 1456 Hay I. 274/31.
And the prince had punyst him … thare mycht na justice in his realme do justice again till him of that man
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1079.
The iustice bad ga cheis ane assyis about
Ib. 2679.
Set me ane lauchfull court, I sall compeir Before the lyoun, lord and leill iustice
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 273 (A).
Ȝour justicis [v.r. justice] ar full of sucquedry
a1500 Bk. Chess 2125.
He wesyes all the chekker with his wand And richt so suld the justice do in land
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10665.
To ȝour justice I wald ȝe gaue command, To giue sentence but dilatouris fra hand
c1575 Balfour Pract. 273.
The keyis of court ar … . Ane justice that is wyse, and hes knawlege of the lawis

11. a. Justice in that part, one who has been granted by commission particular rights of justiciary, usually over a particular area. 1550 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 151.
Makand … Frances Tennent, prouest of Edinburgh, hir justice in that parte within … Edinburgh and fredome thairof
1576 Reg. Privy C. II. 516.
Dischargeand the said erll and his collegis, justices and lieutenentis in that part within the boundis foirsaidis, … of all calling, … or proceeding aganis the said James [etc.]
1581 Acts III. 218/1.
Gevand … the saidis justices in that pairt … full power … to … tak vp dittay of all persounis contraveneris of the saidis actis of Parliament within the boundis particularlie abonewrittin
Ib. 226/2.
[Constituting] the provestis and bailleis of all burrowis his hines justices in that pairt with power to thame to … hald justice courtis euerie moneth anis within ilk burgh … vpoun the contraveneris of the said act
1587 Ib. 435/2.
Albeit our souerane lordis iustice generall, lieutennent or iustice in that pairt be speciall commissioun … summound the offendour induellair of the regalitie
1644 Ib. VI. i. 248/2.
The Estates … makes … the said Erle [of Morton] and his deputts … justices in that part to the effect underwritten [in Shetland]
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. ii. xv. 3. (1678) 425.
To distinguish them from justices in that part, such as are these noble-men and others, who have the power of justiciary over their own lands

b. Justice to that effect, with reference to the limited jurisdiction of Justices of Peace. 1581 Acts III. 225/1.
Makand … thame [noblemen, lords of regality, and magistrates of burghs] justices to that effect with power … to … appoint statutis … for the speciale obseruatioun of the saidis actis at euerie heid court ȝeirlie
1594 Ib. IV. 73/2.
Makand all our souerane lordis officiaris and ministeris of iustice … and all his frehaldaris remaning at his hienes … obedience … his hienes justice to that effect, with pouer to hald courtis [etc.]

c. Justice of (the) Peace.(1) 1587 Acts III. 459/2.
[Persons] quhilkis salbe the Kingis commissioneris and iustices in the furtherance of iustice, peax and quietnes
1617 Ib. IV. 535/1.
Anent the Justices for keiping of the Kingis M. peace and thair constables
Ib. 535/2.
[To] discharge your dewtye as ane justice of his maiesties peace
(2) 1609 Acts. IV. 434/1.
Act anent the Commissioners and Justices of peace
1617 Ib. 540/2.
The constables within everie parochin salbe executaris off the preceptis and warrandis off the justice of peace
1630 Ib. V. 220/2.
The commissioners for the shyres to give in … ane roll of the names of suche persouns … as ar fitting to be Justices of Peace
1671 Salmon Borrowstounness 95.
Sufficient and valid testimonialls … subscrivit be the … justice of peace

12. comb. and attrib. (senses 6–8), in justice mute, officer, serjand, ȝeir.(1) 14.. Acts I. 49/2.
This assise wes maid at Roxburgh at the justis mute [L. ad placita Justiciarij] … with common consent of all the baronis beand thar to gidder gadderit
(2) 1589 Exch. R. XXII. 68.
To the justice serjand for his fee, pait to him during his liftyme furth of the castelwardis of Edinburgh
1626 Justiciary Cases I. 61.
Magnus Mowat was admittit justice officer to the Justice
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II. 12.
The crouner is the justice officer, and makes the arreistments … upon all persones that ar to be indytted … befoir the justice in justice airs
(3) 1596 Dalr. I. 135/19.
The ȝeirlie justice, now called the justice ȝeir, or air he institute

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"Justice n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jul 2024 <>



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