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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1971 (DOST Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Manrent, n. Also: -rente, -rend, -renth, mannrent, mantrent. [Var. of Manredyn n. with metathesis as also in haterent, kinrent, etc.]

1. The solemn undertaking to be another's ‘man’ or faithful supporter and the obligation so constituted.Normally in return the patron promised his maintenance and backing to the supporter.(a) 1375 Barb. v. 296.
All the leill men of the land … This gud man gert cum … And mak him manrent … And he himself first homage maid
c1420 Wynt. viii. 4273.
The Erle off Atholle … Throwch the Stwartis senyhowry Had tane manrent and fewte
?1438 Alex. ii. 17.
He … maid him manrent with his hand
1441–2 Foulis Chart. (Reg. H.) 18 Jan.
Giff it happin me … to brek my manrent and obelysinge made to my forsaide lorde
1446 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 405.
The said Malcolm to be man to the said Alexander … for the quhilk manrent we ordande the said Alexander to gif the saide Malcolm Mekil Wardris … in fee and heritage
1457 Acts II. 50/2.
At na man duellande within burghe be fundyn in manrent … bot with the King … or with the lorde of the burghe
1472 Misc. Spald. C. V. 288.
The said community [of Nairn] … are bound … to the said … Lord … Lovett, … for the whilk mannrent … the said lord … is bundine … to the said community
1474 Reg. Cupar A. I. 215. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1218. 1476 Thanes of Cawdor 61. 1482 Reg. Morton II. 245. 1483 Misc. Spald. C. II. 253. c1490 Porteous Noblenes 174/4.
To thaim [sc. nobles] was gevin hie honour manrent and seruice of thar subiectis
1510 Crim. Trials I. 66. 1512 Elphinstone Mun. 18. a1538 Abell 76 a.
At nane suld sweir manrent to ony bot to the King
1557 Bk. Carlaverock II. 479.
In manrenth and seruice
a1568 Bann. MS. 89 b/17.
Be stark manrent with thame to gang
a1568 Scott xxxiii. 13. 1585 Lag Chart. 56. 1681 Stair i. ii. § 12.
A kind of bondage … called manrent, whereby persons became the men or followers of those who were their patrons
(b) 1456 5th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 625/1.
Landis … haldin … be seruice of ward and relief, mantrent and seruice
Brus xvi. 303 (C).
[They] thair mantrent till him can ma
1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 455.
To mak homag mantrent and seruice till our souerane lord
1552 Breadalbane Doc. No. 81.
Prouiding alwais the saidis Duncane and his sone … keip thair band and mantrent
(c) 1530–1 Maxwell Mem. I. 261.
It salbe lefull to thame to bynnd thame in manrend to quham thay plesor

b. Band, letter(is (= written contract) of manrent.For a number of examples, see e.g. Misc. Spald. C. II. 252 f.(1) 1476 Acta Aud. 42/1.
It is clerly pruvit … that thare wes a letter of manrent maid betuix him and the said Sir William
1478 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 339.
[He] sall gif his letteris of manrent and retenew … as for fee pait befor hande
1488 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 320. 1490 Misc. Spald. C. II. 259.
And this my lettre of manrent to indur for … twa yeris
1491 Acta Aud. 156/2. 1498 Acta Conc. II. 195.(2) 1482 Acta Aud. 103/2.
That the sade Johne sal mak the sade lord seruice tharfore efter the forme of his band of manrent and seruice
1482 Thanes of Cawdor 65. 1522 Coll. Rebus Alban. 86.
Forasmekle as our lovitt cousin … hes gevyn us his band of manrent … we bindis us … that we sall mantene [etc.] … the said Johne
1525 Douglas Chart. 223. 1525 St. A. Formulare I. 271. 1528 James V in St. P. Henry VIII IV. 499.
[Angus] usit our autorite … aganis … our liegis that wald nocht entir in band of manrent to him
1533 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 409. 1554 Crim. Trials I. i. 373. 1555 Acts II. 495/2. 1558 Red. Bk. Menteith II. 438. 1559–60 Bk. Dunvegan I. 44. 1581 Reg. Privy C. III. 368. 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Homagium. 1687 Lauder Notices Affairs II. 847.
Entering into bands of manrent with some of the gentrie
1698 Misc. 3 Spald. C. II. 103.
He hath … received band of manrent from them

2. The homage of vassals within one's domains; vassalry, vassalage. 1531 Bell. Boece II. 345.
The hous of Cumingis war in thir dayis full of riches, landes, and manrent: forby thir three erllis and lord foresaid, thair was xxx knichtis and landit men, all of ane surname
Ib. 383.
Thair hicht and gret pissance, baith in manrent and landis
Ib. 428.
Ane man … of gret manrent and landis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 42/2.
Remember … that ȝe ar promovit to the greit dependance of vasallis and landis of manrentis with wther great strength and powar
1583 Reg. Privy C. III. 614.
[Montrose, being] baillie of the dukrie of Lennox … and havand commandiment of the manrent of all … inhabitantes of the said dukrie
a1595 Descr. Isles 435.
McCowle of Lorn hes the stewartship of the haill ile [Lismore] and manrent thairof

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"Manrent n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Feb 2023 <>



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