Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1971 (DOST Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Nedis, Neidis, adv. Also: nedes, neids, neadis. [ME. and e.m.E. nedes, need(e)s etc., OE. nédes, nýdes, adv. gen. of níed, néd, Nede n.]

1. Of necessity, inescapably, unavoidably, inevitably.Only with the verbs mon (man), most (must) and behuve, and chiefly following these.(1) ?1438 Alex. ii. 5899.
Worship mon nedes, and hardement, Tak thare arrest with hale assent
1551 Hamilton Cat. 284.
Mone neidis follow that certane venial synnis … may be forgevin
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 216.
O Lord, … thy justice man neidis puneis thair crewell murtheris
c1610 Melville Mem. 79.
I mon nedis medle and put to my helping hand
(2) c1475 Wall. ii. 122.
For weyle or wo thar most he nedis abide
a1500 Bk. Chess 1048.
Than most thair lauboure nedis fale
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxiii. 83. c 1572 Buch. in Facs. Nat. MSS. III. lxvi.
I most nedis praefer the rude Scottis wyt of Capitane Cocburne
(b) 15.. Clar. v. 2080.
Quhan that nature maid impediment … They most neids twine
Ib. 2160. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 2874. a1578 Pitsc. II. 75/14.
O Lord we knaw suirlie that Thy trew serwandis most neidis suffer for Thy names saik
1580 Skeyne Descr. Well 3.
Quhilk being drunkin is laxative to sindrie and so most neidis be het of qualitie
c1600 Montg. Suppl. xxxiv. 17. Ib. 102. 1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. viii. 13.
1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 207.
Our wolls thairby most neids ly inprofitabill in the awneris handis
1646 Ancram & Loth. Corr. I. 196.
So that he most neids go to dyet with luftenants and ensients
(c) c1590 Fowler II. 51/21 (see Most v.1 1 b).

b. Preceding the verb. a1500 Henr. Fab. 787 (Bann.).
That nedis thaj mon do As thai of lang tyme hawe hantit thame to
a1500 Lanc. 518.
Your worldly honore nedis most adew
Ib. 2340.
To pas nedis me behus
Ib. 2677. c1520-c1535 Nisbet III. 343.
Quhair luf is perfite, thair of neidis monn be respect to the waik
15.. Clar. i. 1513.

c. In the irreg. construction it must neidis me (do something), = I must of necessity (do it). 1536 Lynd. Answ. Flyting 24.
Bot sen ȝour grace hes geuin me sic command To mak answer, it must neidis me obey

2. Insistently, brooking no contradiction or opposition.Chiefly following the verbs will and wald, but also most (must).(1) 1560 Cal. Sc. P. I. 464.
Yet wold they nedes insist in it
1569-73 Bann. Mem. 216.
The Lady Home and vtheris wald neidis thraip in his face that he was banist the said toun
16.. Hist. Kennedy 3.
This laird Maktaise wald neidis heff him [a child] to be his foster
1633 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 378.
If the laird of Drum … will neids have a tyme condiscendit upon
(2) 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 29.
Howsaever hir gude name wer thairby appairit, scho must neidis ga thither agane

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Nedis adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Nov 2023 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST: