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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Pas(c)h(e, Pais(c)h(e, Peas(c)h(e, Pes(c)h(e, n. Also: pache, paich, paycht, peach. [Early ME., ME. and e.m.E. pasche (c 1250), passh (c 1450), OF. pasche (F. pâque), L. pascha, also ME. pasches pl. (12th c.), OF. pasches, L. paschas (acc. pl.), id. Cf. MDu. paeschen, MLG. pasche(n, also Pace n.2, Pask n. and Pax n.]Occas. written for Pace n.2 (see quots. from Henr. and Sat. P., where the rhyming words are place and space; see also the inverted spelling pasch = peace, s.v. Pais n.1).

1. Easter, in the usual senses and collocations.(1) 1398 Grant Chart. 14.
At the fest of Pasch
1435 Cop. St. A. 129.
At the fest of the puryficatioun … and the fest of Pasche next thereftyr folowand
1499–1500 Acta Conc. II. 389.
His enteres to be betuex this and the fest of Pasch next
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 110.
In the halydais of Pasche
1551 Reg. Cupar A. II. 70.
The saidis Maister Alexander … sall fynd … the sowm of twenty pundis … in the fest of Pasche
1604 Paisley B. Rec. 261.
The heid court next following the feist of Pasche nixt to cum
1611 Stirling B. Rec. I. 127.
(2) 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 58.
Thar is trewys takyn … to Pasch next to cum
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2153 (Ch.).
Ȝe sall not fair in fisching mair quhill Pasche [: place]
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 19/5.
Men ar haldin to mak confessioun anys in the ȝere at Pasche
1512 Treas. Acc. IV. 256. 1514 Edinb. Hammermen 85.
For twa li. candillis agane Pasch
1522–3 Dundee B. Ct. I. fol. 126 b (10 Feb.).
Betuix that day & Pash next to cum
1548 Treas. Acc. IX. 175. 1551 Acts II. 488/2.
Vpone Ȝule and Pasche, patroun dayis [etc.]
1571 Sat. P. xxv. 65.
Or Pasche [: place, space]
1576 Act General Assembly 5 Apr.
The act … giving speciall license for holding of Pasch [Melvill Peace] and Ȝuill
1596 Dalr. I. 234/14.
1613 Lorimer St. Cuthbert's 74.
The first day to be on Palme Sabbath the second on quhat they call Pasche [etc.]
1613–14 Misc. Spald. C. V. 94.
The ministratioune of the sacrament at Pasche
1616 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. 190.
Ane hors rais to be run ȝeirlie on the first Tyisday efter Pasche
1619 Gen. Assembly Perth.
That Pasche and Yoole was superstitiously observed in Fyffe
1639 Baillie I. 115.
Against Pasche or before
1641 Acts V. (1870) 419/2.
Because the saidis coallheweres and salteres … doe ly from ther worke at Pasch, Ȝule, Whitsonday [etc.]
1656 Craig-Brown Selkirkshire II. 390.
1661 Rec. Old Aberd. I. 22.
1691 Master Clark Defended 2.
High-flowen-holy-day sermons, composed and fitted for Pasch, Yule, and such high-times
(b) 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 104.
Neither Ȝoill nor Paich
1531 Treas. Acc. V. 415.
Agane Paisch
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II. 182.
Ane bair at Ȝouile and ane vther at Paische
1554 Peebles B. Rec. I. 411.
For gangin abowt Sownop Commown that Paishe
1555–6 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 365.
To buy bussomis to swepe the kirk at Yuill, Paische, and Witsonday
1582 Old Ross-shire I. 19.
Twenty ane merkis … for … the teindis … of the Paische and Lammes termes of the crope
1607 Stewart Mem. 117.
Committit about Paisch
1628 Pastor and Prelate 17.
He doteth so upon the observation of Paishe, Ȝuile, and festivall dayes, appoynted by me
1662 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 18.(c) 1541–2 Treas. Acc. VIII. 51.
Ane hat of blak velvet deliverit to the kingis grace at Peasche last wes
1542–3 Ib. 177.
To the maister cuke for his dewiteis at Peasche
1559 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 51.
1570 Leslie 232.
1633 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 16.
For ane hoghead of wyne to serve the communioun this last Peasche
1672 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 322.
Tuall capones at Peach
(d) c1500-c1512 Dunb. l. 49.
1567–8 Crail B. Ct. MS. 17 Feb.
Fra Vppillie day till Pesche
1662 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 306.
(3) 1558-66 Knox I. 172.
After the Pasche he came to Edinburgh to hold the seinȝe
a1578 Pitsc. I. 323/2.
Bischope James Bettoun [callit] the king and the Douglasses to the Pasche to Sanctandrois
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 122.
Ane Yul feaste may be quat at Pash
Ib. No. 411.
Fegges after Pash
1600-1610 Melvill 274.
That Yuill comoun they thought to repey weill now at Pasch
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1826.
Yule came never bot Pasche came nixt efter

b. Attrib. and comb.Pasche offrand (also offering, reknyng): see Offrand n. and Pasch(e)-finis n. pl.

Also Pas(c)h(e)-day, Pasch(e)-evin.(1) 1501 Treas. Acc. II. 72.
On Pasch Monunday
1513 Ib. IV. 438.
On Pasche Monunday … to the kingis offerand
1558-66 Knox II. 60.
Upoun the Pasche Mononday
1687 J. Paterson Geog. Descr. Scotl. 17.
Pasch-Munday a fair at Couper of Fyfe
1483 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 49.
Sua furth till Pasche oulk be
1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 32.
To thair vagis xxiiij s. because of Pasche wolk
1563 Reg. St. A. I. 207.
He may ansuer tharto upon Wednisday in Pasche olk
1615 Perth Kirk S. 287.
Pasch Sunday
c 1680 Law Memor. 191 n.
We [sc. the followers of Gibb] … renounce … Pasch [v.r. Peace] Sunday, Hallow-even, Hogmynae-night, Valentine's even [etc.]
1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 611.
Brichen … The calsay marcat … beginning the first Tuesday of Lent and containoweing till Pash Sunday
1501 Treas. Acc. II. 102.
Paschtisday … to thir menstrales
1503 Ib. 367.
Pasch Tisday to v trumpetis
1556 Prot. Bk. D. Gray MS.
Maid vpone Pasche Twisday precedand the day of thir presentis
1562-3 Winȝet I. 2/22.
The feist of Witsonday haistelie maid one Pasche Twisday, anno 1562, quhen thair apperit ane daingerous seditioun in Edinburgh
(2) 1538 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 194.
We gret and small uphauldis that present service vith oblaciones and penny almus at the Paycht tyde and geffis the servitour sustentation
(3) 1535 Acts II. 349/2.
That na schip be frauchtit … in Flandris bot … to the Pasche mercate and Rude mercate
1702 Peebles B. Rec. II. 167.
Through Pash fair at Lanark
(4) 1589 Mill Mediæv. Plays 254 marg.
Aganis Pasche playis
1590 Ib. 170.
For prophaning the Sabboth with Pasch playis
1593 Roxburghe MSS. 41 (see Basin n. b). 1610 Kelso Presb. in Berw. Nat. C. V. 332.
Open contempt and abuse of the Sabothe, being the cheiff actors of the Pasche playes in Lintoun
(5) 1552–3 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 71.
To the viij seriands and … jevellor … for thair Pasche fee
(6) 1558–9 Statut. Sc. Ch. 158.
Because that the corps presentes kow and umest claith and the silvir commonlie callit the kirk richts and Pasch offrands quhilk is takin at Pasch fra men and women for distribution of the sacrament [of the Eucharist] … were at the beginning but as offrandis and gifts … only and now … the kirkmen usis to compell men to the paying tharof be … jurdisdiction … that sick things be na mair usit … within this realm
c 1560 Orig. Par. II. ii. 427.
Of the quhilk vicarage [of Tain] the kirk kow and clayth with the Pash offrandis ceisis
1560 Bk. Disc. 222.
The Pasche offeringis
c 1560–70 Liber Dryburgh 359.
Nonpayment of the corspresentis vpmest claithes and Pasche ofrandis
1489 Acta Aud. 130/2.
The … caus persewit be maister Clement Fairle persone … for the wrangwis spoliatioun awaytakin & withhaldin … of the Pasch reknyng of the said kirk
1561 Rentale Dunkeld. 347.
Be ressoune of … dischairging of corps presentis umest clathis Pasche raikningis and utheris offeringis
(7) c 1588 Cath. Tr. 256/19.
The Paschal cearge or Paische-candle whilk the kirk doeth hallow solemnly

2. The Passover. Also attrib. in Pasche-tyme. b. Pace-lamb, in lit. and fig. use. a1450 Fifteen Ois 36.
In Paschetyme … Thou wes condampnit innocentlie
a1500 Rois Garlandis 58.
With quhom thou ascendit to Jerusaleme … to the solempnite of Pasche
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 198.
In tyme of Pasche
Ib. 561. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xxvi. 2.
Eftir ij dais Pasche salbe made
Ib. 17.
To ete Pasche
Id. Luke ii. 41.b. ?a1500 Remembr. Passion 394.
How He send His discipillis befor to graithe Pasche lame
c1520-c1535 Nisbet I. 9.
Thay eit the Pasche lamb
fig. Arundel MS. 274 23.
The Pasche lambe that on the croce did clym

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"Pash n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Feb 2024 <>



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