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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XII).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Withal(l, Wythall, adv. Also: vithall, uithall, withe all, wytht all, with aw, wyth aw. [ME and e.m.E. wiþþe alle (Orm), wit-al(l (both Cursor M.), withal (Gower), withall (c1400) conj., wythall (1531).]See note at With prep. (conj.) about MS abbreviations.

1. In addition, besides, as well, also.(a) 1375 Barb. xi 117 (C).
1375 Barb. xi 495.
Oft-sys throw a word may rys Discomford and tynsaill with-all
a1400 Leg. S. xxix 692.
Thai twa ware … fremmyt folk to thaim with-al
?1438 Alex. ii 10204.
Thay shure the fleshe out quhill it bled. The heit withall sa hard thame led That … Thair lynning claithis with blude and sueit … war all maid weit
c1420 Wynt. v 156.
Mary … had gret appetyt till ete The crope thare off that palme tre, … Wyth-all the buwys bowyd lawe Ewyn till hyr hand
1456 Hay I 193/10.
The duk of Savoye haldis landis of the king of France, and of the emperour of Almayne withall
a1500 Rauf C. 831.
Thay worthit heuy with heid, and angerit with all
a1540 Freiris Berw. 13 (B).
The castell is so strang and wicht … The wallis wrocht craftely withall
15.. Clar. ii 1784.
To the king he raid, And thankit him of his magnificence, And eik the queine of hir great excellence, … Meliades he thankit eik withall
1565 Reg. Privy C. I 404.
The … comptrollar and thesaurare being inquirt quhat farther thai had to lay to the said Davidis charge, declarit thai had na uther thing to burdyn him with all
1586 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 48.
And withall lat him onderstand that albeit sche wold spair hir lyff [etc.]
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 217.
Love, love in our Redeemer is not slow; and withal He is homely with you, who cometh at His own hand to your house
1653 Dumfries Kirk S. 18 Aug.
And so dismissed for that offence, withall the sessione being informed that he is ane ordainarie saboth breker, is ordained to stand with the paper on his head
1668 Cullen Kirk S. 6 Sept.
Margrat Duff and Isobell Ogilvy … being … convict of gross swearing cursing and scolding were ordained to stand at the pillar foot in sackcloath and withall it was recomended to the bailyies if they miscarrie so again to banish them out of the toun
(b) c1420 Wynt. i 789.
Ane othir best thare is wytht all [C. withe all] That monoceros … thai call
(c) c1475 Wall. iv 549.
A bow he bair … And arrous als, bath lang and scharpe with aw
1513 Doug. xii vii 12 (Sm.).
He wrythis, and enforsys till owtdraw The schaft in brokkyn, and the hed wythaw
1535 Stewart 60474.
No clerk also in kirk cathedrall Suld channoun be, … Without he war ane bachleir withaw In theologie or into canoun law
1560 Rolland Seven S. 4220.
Gude schir I knaw Ȝe ar werie and wonder cauld with aw
(d) 1581-1623 James VI Poems I 165/492.
The youth into hemorragie most easilie doth fall, In feures hoate, in duyningis & in phrenesie uithall

2. In anaphoric use: With that, by the use or means of that commodity, object, etc. Also proverb. 1507 Lanark B. Rec. 18.
Ane quar of paper to bill the pla withaw viij d.
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 180/8.
The chesabill signifeis the purpure clayth that he was cled withall quhen the croun of thorne was pressit down apon his heid
1582 Cal. Sc. P. VI 185.
I have not that is abill to norise thame [sc. dependants] withal
1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 239.
The Devill commandit thame to keip the jountis vpoun thame, quhill thay wer dry, and thane to mak ane powder of thame, to do ewill withall
1596–7 Elgin Rec. II 48.
The haill eldaris hes promeist a boll lyme ilk ane of thame to sparge the kirk withall
1663 Peebles B. Rec. II 58.
Many inhabitantes … that buyes hors to travell withall, and wanting hors meat of their awne ar necessitat … to oppres their neighbours gras
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 195.
A turd to pyk your teith withall

b. Concerning that, with respect to that. 1428 Liber Melros 521.
Than I chargit thaim wyth all to mak an end, & then the saide assis ȝeid to gidder & with gude & rype avysment saide [etc.]
1561 St. A. Kirk S. 83.
At desyr of Mr. Alexander the copy of the saydis summondis and articlis ar decernit and deliverit to hym, to avyis wythall in the myd tym
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 41.
Was it, that he knawing himself lykewyse gyltie of adulterie on his part, micht the mair willingly beir with ane partner in use of his wyfe? No, for he bure withall perforce aganis his will
1653 Dumfries Kirk S. 3 March.
Was interdicted of haunting the societie of Jonet Logane … and withall he is summondit apud acta to give his aith that he is free of any carnal dealing with her

c. With a person as the cause of something. 1569 St. A. Kirk S. 305.
Sche hard Margaret Brown say that sche had departit of bairn, bot quhom wythtall sche cald nocht tell … Margaret Waucht … sayis that sche hard Margaret Brown say that the bairn sche partit wytht was to William Turpie

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"Withal adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 30 Jan 2023 <>



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