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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).
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Round, Rownd(e, adj. Also: rounde; rond(e; rund; roun(e, rown; rowan(e, -and, (rowen). [ME and e.m.E. round (c1290), OF reont, runt, rond (1100, 1170 and 1380 in Larousse), L. rotundus.]

1. Circular in shape. b. Curved.See also round sele, s.v. Sele n. and Round Tabill.Also comb.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xii 315.
In foure partis of this warld rond
Ib. xlvii 84.
Thane wes scho … one a rond quhele set on ane
1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 230.
Gret ene and ronde and furth set in his hed
(b) c1420 Wynt. vi 1086.
Wsuale mone, gud and rownd
Ib. vii 768.
He ordanyd … Hys mona to be cwnyhede rownd
c1475 Wall. x 464.
v mylȝon off fynest gold so round
1513 Doug. v vi 5.
In maner of cyrkyl rownd A playng place was markyt on the grond
1532 Instit. Ct. Sess. in Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 375.
And salbe maid ane burd quadrangulare or rownd
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 93.
The south round lycht inlikwis baith in hecht and breid extendis to xv futis
1562 Knox Ressoning 172.
For they will desyre no better denner then white rounde gods [sc. hosts] ynew
1589 St. A. B. Ct. 2 April.
Ane round [MS ro &] lycht strikin furth … vpon the west syd wall
c1590 Fowler I 340/55.
In ringes full rownde About the grene they jett
a1595 Descr. Isles 430.
Within that entres is an round heavin and defence for schippis
1654 Lanark B. Rec. 153 (see O n.2 2 (1)).(c) a1538 Abell 1*a.
Thir figuris … coniunyt with a nothir fygur or o rund cyrkil tha numyr ten tymys thair self
(d) 1697 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct.) 7 July.
Ane roune table
comb. 1597 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 668.
For making of tuelf round heidit naillis for outputting of the latchettis of the claith of the pulpit
1646 Edinb. Test. LXII 294b.
Ane watche plaittit with gold round fascheoned and enamblit
b. 1453 Misc. Spald. C. V 49.
To Wyll Gyffart for the keill, 1 lib. 5 s. … For the haffyng of hir rounde, 2 s.
1513 Doug. ii viii 61.
Hir [sc. the adder's] slydry body in hankis rownd al run
1685 Cramond Ch. Cullen 165.
The table and seates within the said round seat

2. Cylindrical; circular in cross-section.Ane rownd … chimnay, cf. later Sc. dial. Round about, ‘a hearth or fireplace which is situated in the middle of a floor with room for seats all round it’ (1802 in SND).(1) a1400 Leg. S. ii 850.
Thai … the padok fand In a rownd tour still ȝelland
Ib. xix 263.
The staf, that is lange & rond, Thrist it fast done in the grownd
1456 Hay I 14/16.
The round pavillioun
1462 Peebles B. Rec. I 147.
That na strakis gang in the merkat bot rownde rows and nocht squhar
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 371.
The renkis raithly can raik in to the round hald
1488 Treas. Acc. I 81.
A round buste
1531 Bell. Boece I 81.
Ane round hous of square stanis
1574 Dumfries B. Ct. 6 Oct.
Ane rond spar … , ane pece of rond tymer
(2) 1595 Invent. Castle Campbell in Argyll Mun. MS 21 Feb. (Old Argyll MS Inv.).
Ane rownd irne chymnay

3. Spherical; globular; round, also ovoid, in shape. a1400 Leg. S. xxviii 17.
[The pearl] is lytil and rond alsa
c1420 Wynt. viii 4339.
Qwhare plente ware off stanys rownde
1456 Hay II 157/32.
For … the mannis hede is round, and be that it is lyknyt to the firmament
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 886.
Armyt in rede gold and rubeis sa round
1488 Treas. Acc. I 85.
A grete round ball in maner of a chalfer of siluer ouregilt
1513 Doug. iv ix 18.
Quhar … Atlas On schuldyr rollys the round speir in cumpas
1549 Compl. 33/4, 6.
Epicurius said that the varld is ronde lyik a boule, & Empedocles said that the varld is lang & ronde lyik ane eg
Ib. 51/24.
Ve hef ane vthir probabil sing to preif that the eird and the vattir is rond
1561 Inv. Q. Mary 25.
Off round gloibbis
1567 6th Rep. Hist. MSS App. 643/2.
Ane cheyn … with tuelf square intermiddis … togither with ane round intermyd
a1568 Bannatyne Bann. MS 230b/4.
The licht that cleipit is Dyane Quhen scho is lucent round as ony ball
?1549 Monro W. Isles (1961) 83.
Round heids of verie little quantitie
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1545.
Twa round things will never meit

b. Of, or resembling, the shape of a hemisphere; semi-globular. 1535 Stewart 3988.
Ane carne of stonis … Rycht round and rownid vpone a … hycht
Ib. 33617.
Ane know that wes bayth round and hie
1549 Prot. Bk. Sir J. Cristisone 101.
Ane rownd dry hillok
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 945.
Hir pappis wer hard, round, and quhyte
a1585, a1568 Montg. P. i 63.
With yvoire nek and pomellis round
1623 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 283.
The twa roune bellis within the said stepill

4. Not definitely assignable to any particular one of the above senses. 1453 Misc. Spald. C. V 49.
For haffyng round of burde and treis
1581 Treas. Acc. MS 90 (2).
Lang buttonis and round buttonis to the clock
1628 Brechin Test. IV 332b.
Halff ane dusson gryt round lokis

5. a. Of a gown: ? Full-skirted. But perh. merely an instance of 6. b. Of headgear: Covering and encircling the head.a. 1473 Treas. Acc. I 73.
ij½ elne of grene for a round govne to my lady
b. a1500 Henr. Fab. 1353.
His bonat round and off the auld fassoun
1489 Treas. Acc. I 146.
For vj bonatis to the king, of thaim fowre rownde and ij nekkyt cappis
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3416.
Our round bonats we mak them now four nuickit, Of richt fyne stuiff
1558 Q. Kennedy Tractive 151.
He sal be montit on ane mule, with ane syde gown and ane round bonett
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 41/19 (see Cap n.1 1 (a)). 1579 Edinb. Test. VII 188.
Ane blak rowe[n] bonet set to xij s.
1602 Colville Paraenese 116.
Thai forget that round bonnetts, syid gounes and larg breikks … ver not in use in th' Apostles dayis
1632 Edinb. Test. LVI 23.
Ane dosone of rowane reid bonnattis at xxxvj s. the peice
1664 Inventory 3 in Decr. Dalr. XI.
Tuo rowan capps, one single & another double

6. Of cloth (also thread or cord) and manufactured articles in cloth, esp. sheets: Made from thick thread; coarse in texture.The first two quots. under (4) below may properly belong to 1 above.Also transf., of a hackle.(1) 1488 Treas. Acc. I 139.
Thre elne of rownde braide clayth
1505 Ib. III 44.
Round Holland claith to be … schetis
1546 Stirling B. Rec. I 45. 15.. Wyf Awcht. 44.
Is promeis thé ane gud new sark Athir of round claith or of small
1552 Treas. Acc. X 143.
xl elnis rounde canves … to be palȝesis to beddis
1563 Dumfries B. Ct. fol. 220b.
Four ells of rovn claytht
1565 Prot. Bk. Thomas Johnsoun 97.
Schetis, whairof 20 pare are small lynning and 12 pare round lynning
1586 St. A. Test. II 55. 1586 Treas. Acc. MS 109b.
Owirlayaris … of round camriage
1601 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 402.
Tua elnis rownd lyning price xij s., thre elnis small lyning price of the eln viij s. vj d.
1606 Tailor's Acc. Bk. 41.
Ane elne of round stenting to mak the lynnyng with
1612 Dunblane Test. 188b.
xl elnes of bleitchit, small & round harne
1616 Glasgow Weavers 54.
Round hardin yearine
1637 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 549.
Tua wobes of round linning vnwowine
1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII 244b.
Round tweill … middell tueill … the best sort of tueill
1721 Lanark B. Rec. 303.
Except round secking and tweeling
(b) 1603 Montgomery Mem. 250.
Rund hollan
1672 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 19 June.
Twellff shilling Scots for ilk ell … small lining and aught shilling for ilk ell … rund linning
(c) 1692 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II 460.
Six ells of rown linning, thrie ells of small linning, fowr ells of plading
(2) 1575 Edinb. Test. III 362b.
Tuelf mydling round stringis for hattis
1581 Treas. Acc. MS 73 (b).
Ane quarter pund of fyne small threid, … ane quarter pund of round threid
1588 St. A. Test. II 95b.
Thre scoir rownd quheit woll
1621 Edinb. Test. LI 140b.
xxxij vnce blak silk round and small
(3) 1561 Inv. Wardrobe 150.
Fourty round scheittis
1562 Will A. Betoun 223.
Rownd schetys
1565 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 68.
Twa pare of rounde schettis and ane pair of small schettis
c1580 Coll. Aberd. & B. 391.
Of rund [pr. rind] scheittis sax pair
1623 Orkney & Shetl. Test. I 93.
Tuelff pair of scheittis small & rownd new and auld
1658 Boyd Fam. P. No. 236 (27 Feb.).
Eightein pair lining sheittis three pair round sheittis and a pair old sheittis
1663 Inv. in Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 186.
Roune sheites
1669 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 312.
Sheitts rowand and smaill
1697 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. II 90.(4) 1565 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 96.
Ane small burde claytht and ane rounde
1596 Misc. Bann. C. II 221.
Tua round buird claythis
1627 Orkney & Shetl. Test. I 171.
Ane dossone of small naiprie ane dossone of rownd naprie
1670 Boyd Fam. P. No. 297.
A roune towell
c1700 Dumfries Doc. MS.
Eight rown toals & tua duzeon servits rown & small
transf. 1643 Edinb. Test. LX 281.
Ane round heckle & ane small

b. Also in compar. and superl., with implied grading according to quality. 1503 Treas. Acc. II 212.
For x elne roundair claith to be tua sarkis
1505–6 Ib. III 46.
1536–7 Ib. VI 298.
Rounder cammarage
1568 Edinb. Test. I 176b.
Small canues … rounder canues
1577–8 Treas. Acc. XIII 192.
xviij elnis rounder dornik to be copburde claythis
1598 Glasgow Weavers 49.
That nane of thair craft work ane elne of pladdein better chap nor aucht penneis the roundest elne
1600 Treas. Acc. MS 115.
Fyne cambrige to be muches … rounder cambrige to be vnder muches … small linning to be dowbill muches
1601 Sc. Ant. VI 156.
Rounder scheittis
1604 Glasgow Weavers 50.
Linchie winchie of the roundest sort
1632 Inv. Newark 2a.
Of rownder tyking for comon beds
1677 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 246.
12 ells of rounder and worse plaiding

7. Of flour: Coarsely ground. 1583 Argyll Acc. 28 Aug.
Send to Argyll of small flour … and of round flour
1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII 15.
Ane bag of round flour

8. Of a person's body: Plump. 1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 7207.
Scho was baith round and polist, in gude plyte

9. Of speech, behaviour or bearing: Open; honest; straightforward; direct; severe. c1420 Wynt. ix 1763.
The erle maid ansuere rownd, He wald nocht for a thowsand pownd
c1460 Thewis Gud Women 41.
With suet, hamly, round contenans
Ib. 115.
Bot ay hald rownd and plan maner, Haldand ay falowschip with hir feir
c1475 Wall. (1570) xi 1362.
For all thy round [MS roid] reheirs Thow hes na charge
1594 Lett. Jas. VI to Eliz. 101.
So long approued freindship requyris a rounde plainness

10. Of a dozen, also of a measure: Complete, entire; full.Only attrib., and as such appar. only Sc. till 1677. 1558-66 Knox I 41.
Yitt have I haid the round desone; and sevin of thame ar menis wyffis
1638 Baillie I 124.
On Thursday … we had no scant of protestations; more than a round dozen were inacted
c1530-40 Stewart Bann. MS 140b/15.
The sowttaris … Off vly blek & talloun Ilk ane ane round galloun Thay gif at ane gant
1580–1 Perth Guildry p. 401 (2 March).
Sex barrell round wecht of oismond irne

11. Of a space: ? Large, sizeable.Cf. e.m.E. round = considerable (of an amount of money; 1579), ample (of generosity; 1592), and later Sc. dial. = sizeable, big (of a family; 1723).Cf. Round n. 5 d. c1420 Wynt. i 386 (C).
[Noah's ark] Thocht on hicht it narow wes Vnder round [R. rowme] of mare larges
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 505.
Pertlie to preif thair pith thay preist. That round rinkroume wes at vtterance

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"Round adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2024 <>



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