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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Same, Sam, adj. Also: saim(e, sayme, sem. [ME and e.m.E. same (Orm), ME also sam, ON same masc., sama fem. and neut.; doublet of Samin adj.]

1. = Samin adj. 1.(1) 1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 36.
At the fest of Qvhissonday the yhere of our Lorde Mccc nynety and nine, … at the feste of Sancte Martine in winter of the sam yhere
1513 Doug. xiii vi 187.
The sam Kyng Latyn … Sall [etc.]
1538 Grey Friars 36.
To be profeist … in ralegioun of the sam ordour
1549 Lamb Ressonyng 9/2.
Thir sam sax causis is contenit in [etc.]
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1588.
In Genesis thow may heir Quhow [etc.] … As the sam scripture wytnes beris
1600-1610 Melvill 7.
For the sam yeir 1590, meining my self to the plat, I gat fourscore pounds
(b) 1531 Soc. Ant. II 401.
A decreit of the lords in double furme of the same aikers
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii 522.
Sine vther thre did scho bring Of the same buikis
a1568 Gyre-carling 30.
And the same North Berwick law … This carling … wald away carreit
1579 Edinb. Test. VII 294b.
Of thrie yeir auld nolt … sex kyle nolt of the same eild
1607 Facs. Nat. MSS III lxxxvi.
We haue … directit the beirers heirof … to your maiestie for the same maters of the vnioun
a1649 Inv. in Hamilton Mun. MS 48.
4 lassir landskapes of the same hande
(c) 1488–9 Treas. Acc. I 135.
For lynyng to the saim gowne
(d) 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 113.
That ilk day was mayd burges Rob Bruys be the sem condyssion
(2) c1475 Wall. i 247.
In that same hous thai socht him beselye
Ib. x 41.
Sa tha sam folk he send to the dep furd
1513 Doug. iii vii 63.
Lat ws … Mak bot a Troy of athir realmys twane And this sam lyge … Sal evir remane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3418.
With this same knife I sall cut out thy gorge
1616 Tailor's Acc. Bk. 76.
For glaspis to this same coit
1618 Trial Isobel Inch 9.
The said bairne being brocht befoir the juglour, he utterit thir wordis, That saim litle nackett was thair
(3) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1230 (D).
I slewe also the King of Fryse And his gud als on the sam wyse
(4) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1669.
In this sam tyme
c1420 Wynt. viii 4367.
Rycht in to that same quhille Thomlyne the Brwys ras in to Kyle
1488 Treas. Acc. I 92.
The saim day, to Jok of Stirling [etc.]
1512 Ib. IV 353.
To the scheiphird at kepit the Franche scheip … and for expensis maid one the kingis scheip and lammez the sayme tyme
a1578 Pitsc. I 147/8.
About the same tyme rang money cuning men
1613 Conv. Burghs II 408.
The sam day
c1650 Spalding I 341.
About this sametyme

b. Followed by verray, for greater emphasis. 1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 156/22.
At that sam verray tyme

2. = Samin adj. 2. a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 459.
As I am now peraduenture that ȝe For all ȝour micht may cum to that same end
a1538 Abell 70b.
For God hes maid the pure man of the sam mater at the lord is maid of. He is bocht with the sam price, that is the blude of Christ, and [etc.]
1551 Hamilton Cat. 4.
To eschew … all variance … and to be … perfite in the sam mynd and in the samyn sentence
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 210.
Geue ȝe indure vnto ȝour fyne, Ȝe sall nocht mys the sam rewyne
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 133/12.
It is the same bodye and bluide in substance
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 89.
That sam day aucht dayis, at the sam hour
1600-1610 Melvill 313.
Provyding they … sould ga the sam gett

3. = Samin adj. 3.(1) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 102/11.
Ȝour hienes can nocht gett ane meter … To rewle ȝour robbis and dres the sam [: lam]
a1538 Abell 9*a.
Patryk Hammylton maistir clark [was burnt] for the sam
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 562.
That … euery one Mycht knaw the law, and so the sam ensew
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 179 (G).
To hawe the sam in … admiratione
1569 St. A. Kirk S. 322.
To be present and confes the sam
a1578 Pitsc. I 263/9.
The king conteinued still thair … but battell and no pretinnis of the sam
c1590 Fowler I 126/14.
I sie now what I am And quhat in tymes past hawe I bene I now beholde the sam
Ib. 303. 1593–4 Edinb. B. Rec. V 106.
The forme of prayer underwrittin … thai liket weill thairof and approvet the sam
1594 Facs. Nat. MSS III lxxv.
To serche and sik out and … to tempt trye and find out the sam
1596 in Melvill 377. 1596–7 Edinb. B. Rec. V 176.
The magestratts … of the said burgh quhair the sam wes done
1600-1610 Melvill 21.
I haid bought a pennie-worthe of aples and … eatting the sam in the linkes [etc.]
1612 Conv. Burghs II 374.
Anent the mater of the agent in Ingland … inrespect thair is nane present that swits the sam, thairfore thai continew the same to the nixt meitting
1614 Urie Baron Ct. 13. 1616 Dunferm. B. Rec. I sig. 4 A viii.(b) a1500 Colk. Sow ii 60.
Thre silly pennyis suthly I hald the same [: thame]
Ib. iii 77.
A sone gat he And Colkelby was gossep to the same [: name]
1530 Reg. Soltre 99. 1533 Bell. Livy II 150/1.
Fra oure army be laid to ane toun, na irksumnes of remote … sege … may remove the same
1561 Peebles B. Rec. I 272.
That the ledder now in the saidis hoilis may be esy tane furth of the same
1561 Reg. Privy S. V i 209/2.
The cell of Lesmahago and all landis [etc.] … of the same being ane cell of the abbacie of Kelso
c1590 Fowler II 118/14.
Quhen he wald proceur the death of any cytisen, he man abyd heirin some … convenient justifications & causes of the same
1598 Stirling B. Rec. I 89.
Johnn Adamsone … wes creat clerk deput … quha being suorne maid fayth to use the same lelellie and treulie
1626 Garden Worthies 130.
Being the first that boor our name, & from whom all that boor the same are descended
1640 Dumbarton B. Rec. 63.
Bairnes schoone, doubill solit, sevin inches and undir the same, sixteen pennies
1690 Cramond Kirk S. III 6 Feb.
Being asked why he had bragged … that he had lyen carnally with her he absolutely denyed the same
(c) 1534–5 Prot. Bk. J. Cristisone 35.
That ȝe pas to Dene Allan Galt, channon of the sayme
1559 Knox VI 32.
My eie hath long looked to a perpetual concord betuix these two realmes the occasion wharof is now most present yf God shall move your hartes unfeanedlie to speak the saim
1560 Soc. Ant. XXIII 55.
Quhair sche culd nevir have bruicked her awin lievin peciablie be raisin the saime lyes in sa brokin ane cuntrie
1577 Perth Kirk S. MS 23 Aug.
To be ane of the nwmer … of Corpus Christeis playeris quha bwir the ansenȝe of the saim
a1595 Cullen Chron. Aberd. in Misc. Spald. C. II xxii.
The waist gawill of the paris kyrk was compleitt [in the time that he was] maister of wark to the glais wark of the sayme
1609 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 64.(2) 1545 Douglas Corr. 155.
The … contracke off mariage that vas made at Loundon be the imbassadors off Scotland heifing fowle commission tille complete … this sam

4. = Samin adj. 4.(1) c1450 Cr. Deyng 248.
He suld trow alsua in the resurreccione of al men, that is to say, in the sam body and saull as now is
a1538 Abell 70b (see 2 above).
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 126/21.
It is the same ignorance and fure quhilk mowit the Jowis to dispare of the diuine nature of our saluiour that mowis theme in thir dais [etc.]
a1585 Arbuthnot Maitl. Q. 101/79.
Be that same trace the heavenis vntill By quhilk first enterit Christ
1596 Dalr. I 20/16.
The sam men … he vses to invade quhome he perceiuet to do ony skaith to his maistiris
1618 Acts IV 588/2.
To convein … within the heade bourgh of the same shyre wherein they are magistrates
(2) 1488 Treas. Acc. I 99.
The saim tyme at the king wes beȝonde the water in Fyfe

b. Followed by ilk, for greater emphasis: Very same. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 6611.
The same ilk knicht that ȝe kest in the se, In our chalmer agane is cum to me

c. This same, the following. a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 125.
Scho cryit out and said on this same wyse, ‘Allace, that euer [etc.]’

d. absol. a1605 Montg. Devot. P. iii 33.
Assure thy self, it is the sam Vharby the godly fathers clam

5. = Samin adj. 5. a1500 Rauf C. 848.
On loud said the Sarazine ‘I heir thé now lie! Befoir the same day I saw thé neuer with sicht'

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"Same adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Jun 2023 <>



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