Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Samin, -yn, adj. Also: -ine, -yne, -en(e, -eyn, -ein(e, -yin(e, -ing(e, -yng, -eing, -on, -ne; saym(y)ne, -en, saimyn, -en; sammyn(e, -ynne, -in(g; semynge, -en. [f. as Same adj.; of obscure formation, but possibly by influence of Samin adv.In OSc. commoner than Same adj.] Same.

I. With backward reference.

1. Identical with or closely similar to a person, thing, situation or circumstance previously mentioned or implied; also with precise reference to a specific person, etc. previously mentioned, in reiteration of mention of the person, etc., the aforesaid.(a) 1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 38.
The first day of Marche nest comand or ellis on the Sonday thre wikis efter … ane of the samyn dayis [etc.]
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1973.
The laif of the schippes syne … Come saland to the samyn place
1410 Red Bk. Menteith II 282.
Gif it happynnis … the samyn contesse til clame and joise hir jointfeftment
c1450-2 Howlat 354 (A).
Ane egill … The memberis of the samyn foull displait as efferis
1456 Hay I 224/13.
A questioun langand the samyn mater
c1458–9 Liber Aberbr. II 105.
1460 Hay Alex. 1473.
Vpoun the samyne syde on thair rycht hand Thair battall was cumand
Ib. 2770.
1471 Peebles B. Rec. I 166.
It sal byd xij houris; and at na furlottis na other met wechel gang quhill the samyn hour
a1500 Henr. Fab. 77.
He fand ane iolie iasp … Wes castin furth in sweping of the hous. … Iowellis ar tint … Vpon the flure and swopit furth … Peraduenture sa wes the samin stone
a1500 Sir Eger 2052.
a1500 Quare Jel. 366.
And Paule thus to the Corinthies doth writ … of cheritee … , And he declarith in the samyn chapture That [etc.]
1516–17 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 75.
Fourty ane last salmond eftir four schilling the barrell … thre lastis salmond eftir the samyn price
1533 Bell. Livy I 20/12.
Romulus … trystit his freyndis … to mete him … at the palace of Amulius. … Remus … met Romulus at the samyn place
c1571 Buch. in Facs. Nat. MSS III lxvi.
Capitane Cocburne … quhylk wery of ane wyfis [sic] deliuerit hir to the queyne againe, bot you deliuerit of ane wyfe castis your self in the samyn nette
c1590 Fowler II 51/8.
Quhairfoir suld they be reput as theauis … ? Is it because thair heads ar not shauin? [etc.] … By the like reasons and saming arguments, they did [etc.]
1622 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XX 98.
All … concluded to ask for remeid of law … and … everie ane of the said brithering to defend the sameine actioune
1633 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 390.
That thair was eattin of the samen cornes … thrie bollis … brockit aittis
1658 Paisley B. Rec. 99.
1699 Argyll Justic. Rec. I 184.(b) a1400 Leg. S. v 348.
He gert thame drynk dedly poysone. … Sancte Johne ȝet but abaysitnes The saymne drink tuk
(c) 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I 9.
Al man that has back yettes close thaim … vnder the payne of acht schillinges and at thai lok thair foryettes within viij days vnder the sammyn payne
1485 Liber Coll. Glasg. 196.
1488 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 2.
The said balye deliuerit … possessione [etc.] … befor thir witnesis Johne of Wallod [etc.] … Johne of Wallod balye … deliuerit … possession [etc.] … befor the sammyn witnesis
1488–9 Acta Conc. I 101/1.
To preif … the richt … to the said land, sic as he will vse for the folowing of the sammyn land
1489 Acts II 222/2.
Oure souerane lord … makis mutacioun and chengeing of the said name and ordinis the sammyn castell to be callit … Campbele
1490 Irland Mir. I 81/16.
Ran furthe of his syd twa gret riueris of wattir and blud … And of the sammyne syd of oure saluatoure … procedit the fontane of wattir
1494 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 50. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Luke ii 8.
And schephirdis war in the sammin [P. same] cuntre
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II 210.

b. Appended redundantly to a demonstr. adj. 1375 Barb. (1571) x 568.
I held agane that samin [E., C. ilk(e] way
a1400 Leg. S. i 157.
In Antioche … The feloune folk of that sammyn towne [etc.]
Ib. iii 223.
Fyr schacht can that samyn wyf brine
c1475 Wall. ii 326.
On till hir hous him brocht, … Go, speid thé … agayne To that sammyn hous, … To that ilk hous
1496 Treas. Acc. I 282.
To that samyn man, for xxx and x girthstingis
1513 Doug. i viii 143.
And, with this sammyn wynd hidder blaw in feir, Wald God Enee ȝour kyng war present heir!
1540 Lynd. Sat. 698.
Now be the gud lady that did me beir, That samyn hors is my awin meir
1549 Compl. 146/23, 28.
The Chartagiens vsit that sammyn fassoune … The Macedoniens vsit that sammyn vse ane lang tyme
Ib. 40/15. c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i 28.
Quhat day this be ȝe auditouris discriue? This samin day gif I remember richt Is consuetude [etc.]
1562-3 Winȝet I 57/17.
Sua, godly reidar, quhattin a Papist I am in this samin ruid buik … I tak on hand to preue
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 222/378.
That fiftie galleis quite were fled [etc.] … (Moou'd by that samin flight)

c. In certain adv. phrases.With degree, fassoun, maner, sort, wis. 1375 Barb. vii 140.
Ȝhe man … All be ȝour self forrouth ga And on the samyn wys we twa Sall folow behind weill ner
a1400 Leg. S. xxix 840.
He gat hyr son about the [h]als & kissit, … & scho hyme in the sammyn wyse Gretand, kissit
Ib. xxxii 335.
That man to fere suld haf woman & woman in the sammyne degre Suld man haf hyre make to be
1385 Rot. Sc. II 73/2.
The day on the Est Marche sall be delaied in the samen maner
1429 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXI 145.
Till Jhon off Askeyne … on the samyn wys to Duncan Mor
1456 Hay I 77/17.
And in the samyn wis cummys haterent
a1500 Henr. Fab. 97.
And thow agane, vpon the samin wyis, May me … for thyne auaill dispyis
a1500 Lanc. 2777.
Boith hors and armour in the samyne wys Of sable
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 100.
Syne to Dame Flora, on the samyn wyse, Thay saluse
Id. Tua Mar. W. 491.
I serf him on the tothir syde on the samin fasson
1513 Doug. xi Prol. 135.
Suld he nocht de, Les than hys prynce … Pardoun hys falt … Gyf he wald mercy craif? The sammyn wys We beyn forgevyn
1546 Lynd. Trag. Card. 331. a1570-86 J. Maitland Maitl. F. 436/64.
That … Fechit forane forcis into thair support Quha … thame subdewit in the samon sort
a1578 Pitsc. II 78/22.
[He] drank to thame all round about beseikand thame on this samen maner to drink witht him
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv Pref. 110.
Preis not to enter be the wrangous way … ; With hart contreit and handis elevat Seik thair salvatione of the samyn sort; They will not find the Father obstinat

d. In adv. phrase of time.(In, etc.) that (the) samin time (tid, hour, day, etc.), sometimes without previous reference to a time. 1375 Barb. x 192 (C).
This ves in-till the harvist tyde … That sammyn tym [etc.]
c1450-2 Howlat 772 (A).
He gart thaim se as it semyt in the samyn houre Huntyng at herdis … Sound saland [etc.]
1473–4 Treas. Acc. I 13.
To James Homyl the sammyn tyme, to by [etc.]
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 484.
That samin tyme, of Troy the garnisoun … had strikken doun [etc.]
1490 Irland Mir. I 45/10. a1500 Quare Jel. 7.
This lusty Maij … ; The samyn moneth and the sevynt Ide The sonne [etc.]
1501 Treas. Acc. II 71.
The samyn day in Linlithqw, to the kingis offerand at the Halie Blude mes xiiij s.
1502 Halyb. 275. 1528 Douglas Corr. 136.
1535 Stewart 21884.
Thair kingis baith that samin da war keild
a1540 Freiris Berw. 121 (B).
For scho had maid ane tryst that samyn nicht Freir Johine hir luvis supper for to dicht
15.. Clar. v 2533.
The sameine houre the nobill king His leave hes taine
1603 Moysie 6.
At the sameyn tyme John erle of Atholl wes maid chanceller of Scotland
1665 Glasgow Chart. II App. 340.
For the dewtie of the ledles the samyne year
c1685 Cromartie Corr. I 41.
The rest benorth were at the samne tyme writt to rendevouz at Lochness

e. In (into) the samyne place (stede), without previous reference: That (very) place. 1375 Barb. iv 420.
Swa that in-to the samyne sted Weill ner [fourty] thar war dede
1460 Hay Alex. 90.
And for to entir as sche hir paynand was Sche fell doun ded into the samyne place
c1590 J. Stewart 261 §241.
Ane heawenlie harrang in the samming place To me againe … Pronuncit scho

2. a. Expressing the identity of the particular instance of a phenomenon referred to by the qualified noun with (a) previously mentioned instance or instances of that phenomenon; identical, same. a1400 Leg. S. xxiii 258, 261.
He … saw … Ane ymag of the cors … Ane vthyre ȝet thane ȝed he til … & saw thare The sammyne takine … He passit al the towne abowt & the sammyne takine al-way fand Abeoufe the ȝettis
Ib. xxxvi 1169.
Thai … Bryngis thame … In tyme of ewinsang & thare thai wak That nicht … & al the morne to the sammyne tyde Stil … thai mone byde
1460 Hay Alex. 40.
As he comperit in the nycht to thé, Into the samyne figure he come to me
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 27.
Quhat is it that was of before bot it that is now in erde, that is to say of the samyne kynd … bot nocht in singular propire persone
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 142 (Ch.).
And that ȝe think … wrang, Wee al and sundrie sings the samin sang
1513 Doug. vi iii 6.
Ene … furth … is past And in his breste gan rollyng … Thir onkouth chancis. … Achates … furth by hym went, Ilk … pays musyng the sammyn entent

b. One and the same.With reference to two or more events occurring on a single occasion, two or more outcomes having a single origin, or a single thing having two or more manifestations. 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 178.
Giff thre breder be gottyn & borne of the samyn fader & of the samyn moder
1513 Doug. x Prol. 64.
And ilkane of tha thre The sammyn thing is in a maieste Thocht thir personys be seuerall
a1600 Cath. Tr. 252/13.
Of the samen fontane do proceid … auricular confessione and satisfactione for sinne
1616 Haddington Corr. 131.
The bwreall of my lady and sister being on the samin day
a1714 Cromartie Corr. II 477.
Becaus his father wes of the samen name he wes called Kenneth Oig

3. absol. The aforesaid; that same. With reference to a. A (material or non-material) thing, b. A person previously mentioned. Chiefly the samin, also once without the. c. Following a demonstrative pron.Often merely the equivalent of a personal or a demonstrative pronoun: He, him, it, them, this, that, etc.Also inflected as pl., = them.a. (1) 1456 Wemyss Chart. 78.
In to the parische kirk of Perth, apone the hee auter of the samyne
1468 Aberd. B. Rec. I 28.
At ther is now cammyn befor yow the dochtir of the fyrst wyff clamande the said lande as air thairto and to be knawin be yow to the samyn
a1500 Henr. Fab. 201.
Ane sillie scheill … Off quhilk the entres wes not hie nor braid And in the samin thay went
1487 Paisley B. Rec. 25.
And gif he has ressavit ony of before that he putt the samyn furth of oure rollis
1506 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 109.
That na skipperis … saill … with ony merchandice … quhill the samyn be lelely enteret to yow our saidis customeris
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 409.
Kend with ther conditionis and knawin with the samin
1524 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. ii 4.
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 86.
I intendit to have beyne at the conventione … and was all rady for the saming
1549 Compl. 134/29. 1551–2 Reg. Privy C. I 122.
In deviding of the said debatabill, giff ye can aggre … that the samyn be done [etc.]
1554 Misc. Bann. C. III 70.
That gif we had … onye thingis in oure schrinis [etc.] … we suld deliuer the saming till hyme
1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I 276.
1566 Fraser P. 225.
1567 G. Ball. 236.
Gif me thy hart, for I suld haue it … To win the samin I sufferit soir
1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 3.
Howbeit it become me rather … to had vrytin the samin in Latine
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 42/59.
1578 Aberd. B. Rec. II 32.
1581 Douglas Corr. 178.
1581 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 557. c1590 Fowler II 24/1.
1591 Lennox Mun. 333.
1596 Bk. Univ. Kirk III 873.
1600-1610 Melvill 24.
Whatever missour of knawlage … he wold bestow on me, I sould … imploy the saming for his glorie
1622-6 Bisset I 64/36.
This King Malcolme kaist doun the auld kirk of Durame, and bigget the samin fra the ground
c1650 Spalding II 242.
A gryte pairt perishit, whiche wes the countrie people's malesoun, and God hard the samen
1654 Lanark B. Rec. 153.
1659 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 242.
1663 Decis. Lords G. 66.
That clause … ought to be holden as repeated in the comprising, … tho by negligence the clerk has omitted the samen
1675 Lanark B. Rec. 199.
The baillies [etc.] … takeing to consideratione that the lands of Crosslau [etc.] … wer in selling and thought the samein to be most advantagous for the weill of the said burgh, and thairfor ordainit to … buy the samein
1698 Cramond Kirk S. IV 11 Nov.
Anent … their irregular marriage … that they should be rebuked for the samyn
(b) 1473 Lennox Mun. 102.
Brevis corrsabile, be the quhilkis he is enteryt to the lordschip … of the saymyne
1571 Bk. Mackay 407.
Be wertew of the saimyn
1576 Orkney Oppress. 19.
With the quhilks cuttell [etc.] … the said lawrichtman mesurit … the saidis dewiteis … and delyuerit the saimen to the fowdis
(c) 1479 Acta Aud. 94/2.
Vmfray Murray … intromettit withall, and kest in a stak of beire and had away the sammyn
1510 Rec. Earld. Orkney 86. 1521 Fife Sheriff Ct. 240. 1529 Red Bk. Menteith II 391.
Our court to be haldin in Edinburgh in the tolbwtht of the sammin
1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 323.
That the … recommendatioun shauuin ellis be your grace wretingis may persever and that your grace wald remember the samming in your nixt wretingis
(d) 1627 Aberd. Council Lett. I 269.
As give the semen hed never bein grantit
(2) 1509 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I 46.
To the quhilk I haif pwt to mye litill syng and subscriptione manuall to warefye sammyne
(3) pl. 1513 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 2.
Personis being in the saidis housis for the tyme or that happinis to be in the samynis
b. 1488 Acta Conc. I 88/2.
Ane act of the commissaris of Sanctandres, subscrivit be the hande of maister Johne Boner clerk of the sammyn
1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 364.
At the cristinnyng of James Loganis barne … Item, to the godbarne gift to the samyn
1513 Doug. xiii Prol. 102.
Knawis thou not Mapheus Vegius the poet … ? I am the sammyn
c1522 Id. in Doug. (Sm.) I p. xcviii.
I suld haf cummyn strecht to your grace beseykyng elyke wys the samin to pardon this my hamly wrytyn
1537 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 413.
The malys … salbe rasauyt … be the commound procuratour of the viccaris of the queir … and salbe distribuit amang the semynge
1562-3 Winȝet II 40/26, 30.
The ane and the samin Christe is God and man; the samin nocht creat and creat; … the samin of the Father afoir al warldis begottin
c. a1400 Leg. S. iii 1059.
The corse of dere Jhesu In hewyne empyre is heyest nov; That sammyne is bath God and man In a persone
a1540 Freiris Berw. 434 (B).
Gif that ȝe list … to haif moir It salbe had … Incontinent that samyn sall ȝe se
1558 Liber Coll. Glasg. 231.
Ye resawand anne discharge of this samyn fra the samyne freris

d. With reference to a state of affairs expressed in the preceding context. c1475 Wall. viii 519.
Na syn thai thocht, the samyn thai leit ws feill
1531 Bell. Boece I 122.
Gif ony displeseir war done to Voada … the samin sall be eikit with doubill injuris
1556 Edinb. B. Rec. II 252.
Gif you do nocht your extreme devoir thairin to bring the samyn to lycht
1560 Rolland Seven S. 861.
All that he said was wonder just and trew, For be the sterne the samin weill thay knew
1566 Melville Chart. 114.
He awght to be seruit notwithstandyng the sammyn
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1503 (Wr.).
Like as before we did submit, So wee repeate the samine yet

II. With forward reference.

4. Identical with what is indicated in the following context, chiefly a restrictive relative clause.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xiii 159.
Criste hyme-self come … In the sammyne habyte that he In this warld wonte wes to be
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 129 (C).
But almyghty God … soothly Revenges oft with samyn peyne And punysys the man … The quhilk to other procured he
Ib. 1885 (D).
The samyn wecht of gold but more That the lettres spak of
c1460 Vert. Mess (STS) 30.
For al the tyme that a persone be at the mes he … haldis hym in the samyn ȝouthed he was in quhen he come
c1475 Wall. i 121.
The croune he tuk apon that sammyne stane At Gadalos send with his sone fra Spane
1490 Irland Mir. II 17/3.
He sall rys in the sammyn body and saule he had befor
a1500 Colk. Sow iii 99. 1531 Bell. Boece (M) II 29.
Ane schynand croce was sene in the lift … nocht vnlyke the samyn croce that the apostill deit on
15.. Clar. iii 609.
And had hir brocht unto the samine steide Whair that they thought to put hir to the deid
1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 4.
Quhilk … sall … treit this samin argument at more lenthe quhilk presentlie … is mouit to set furthe almaist rude and imperfite
1636 Aberd. B. Rec. III 97.
The prouest [etc.] … grauntis to the said Andro the samen yeirlie stipend … and the lyke salarie … quhilk wes … in vse to be payed to the said vmquhill Patrik Dauidsone
1690 Conv. Burghs IV 118.
The said Mr. Andrew Kennedy is heirby bound … to the samen [pr. sanen] articles … unto which any conservator wes bound
1490 Irland Mir. II 24/10.
Jhesus is … equale … to the Fader … and the sammyne substaunce of the Fader
(2) c1450 Cr. Deyng 239.
Fra thyne in the samyne wys as he passyt, is to cum agan
a1500 Henr. Fab. 821.
Dreidand na thing the samin lyfe to leid In … reif as did his father befoir
a1500 Sir Eger 1197.
The samine bower as he me told
1533 Boece 523.
That we suld fall agane in the sammyn girn as afore
1733 Banff Ann. I 207.
That they give the samen weight and of the samen finness as they doe in Aberdeen
(3) 1375 Barb. iii 589.
In the samyn tyme at thai War in schipping … The erle off the Leuenax was [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. ii 481, 483.
Sante Paul … conuertit the sammyn ȝere That Criste tholit for ws here, And that sammyne ȝere … That Stewene stanit ded can fall
1460 Hay Alex. 872.
The samyne day that Alexander was born
1560 Rolland Seven S. 775.
Gif that thay … raid that samin day To thame affixt be the empreouris command
(4) 1490 Irland Mir. I 41/15.
Crist in his diete has the sammyn will of the Fadere, bot in his humanite he has ane vthire will
(5) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 178.
Sic maters to propone … for the samin effect Hir sone to ring efter that scho was gone

b. Samin-self, = Sam(e)-self(f adj. 1562-3 Winȝet I 52/29.
To be the samin self men quhome thai … confessit thame to hef bene afore

c. absol. c1475 Wall. v 885.
Ȝon sammyn is he That with his hand gerris so mony de
1562–3 Reg. Privy C. I 233.
To permit the said Marioun to pas to the burgh of Edinburch … quhill the penult day of Januar instant, scho the said day being presentit agane before thame in the samin scho is now in, … thairfore … promittit … that the said Marioun suld be presentit … the said penult day of Januar … in eodem statu et eadem causa that scho now is in

5. Qualifying a noun of date: = This very (Thursday), this coming (Thursday). 1496–7 Acta Conc. II 56.
The saidis jugis … to mete thareapone this sammyn Thurisday the xix day of Januar

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Samin adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Mar 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST: