Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Hundir, Hunder, num. Also: hundire, -yre, hwndyr, hundere, hundr(e, hwnder, hondir; hunir, -yr; (hyndyr). [North ME. (rare) hundre, hondre (Cursor M.), reduced form of Hundreth; cf. brander, wander, from brandreth, wandreth. See also Hounder num. In the mod. dial. the normal form is hunder, and hundreth is appar. not recorded after 1708. In Older Sc. hundir is common in the earliest texts, and is regular in the Edinb. MS. of Barbour and the Royal and Cotton MSS. of Wyntoun, whereas the Cambr. MS. of Barbour and the Wemyss MS. of Wyntoun mostly have hundreth, which after the early 15th c. becomes commonest both in literary texts and in other writings.]

1. A hundred.(1) 1375 Barb. xvii. 237 (E).
Fyve hundyr men
a1400 Leg. S. ix. 59.
A hundre syis one day kneland
1389 Wemyss Chart. 24.
Twa hundyr mark of sterlyngys
1399 Holyrood Chart. 112.
A hundir ponde of vsuale monay
c1420 Wynt. iv. 643.
Ellewyn thousand men … Agayne sex hundyre thousand hale
Ib. 1403.
Wytht schyppys thre hundyr
1445 Edinb. Chart. 67.
Of the hundir burdis. viij d.
1456 Hay I. 297/17.
For ane honour thare is a hunder paynis and travailis
1463 Lennox Mun. 76.
A hundir speris and a hundre bowis
1496 Treas. Acc. I. 278.
For twa hunder sparris
1490 Irland Mir. I. 153/12.
Mony hundire thousandis sche had sonnis … spirituale
c1500-c1512 Dunb. l. 23.
He hes att warslingis beine ane hunder
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. i. 139.
From hence liggis ten hunder
1555–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 192.
For ane hunder and ane half aik nalis
c 1578 Maxwell Mem. 312.
Twa hundir drying towellis
1596 Dalr. I. 68/5.
Latting pas thir fables and a hundir sic clattiris
Ib. II. 117/21.
With a hunder gude willis
Ib. I. 18/33.
Aucht or nyne hundir … scheip
1614 Lett. Eccles. Affairs I. 334.
Fyne hunder fourte sex pundis
1686 Red Bk. Menteith I. 415.
Ane hunder dussone of eigs
1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 661.
Ane hunder and twenty tunns
(b) 1458 Peebles B. Rec. 127.
He sal mak a challis the prys of honder syllyn
1509 Lennox Mun. 188.
The pament of the … twa honder markis
(2) 1375 Barb. ii. 230.
Thar fayis war may … Be fiften hunder
Ib. xvi. 665 (E).
Quhar that fyve hundyr ner war ded
1394 Liber Aberbr. 43.
A stane of ilke hyndyr
c1420 Wynt. viii. 6228.
Gettis me … Ane hundyre on hors wyth me to ga
Ib. ix. 461.
Off thai knychtis thare A hundyr and foure had baneris, And foure hundyre awblasteris
c1475 Wall. v. 34.
Schyr Jhon Butler … With thre hundre quhilk war of hardy will
1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 480.
The ijc Estland burdis … , of the quhilk the berk of Abayfeild tuk a hunder
1596 Dalr. I. 22/27.
The touris of nobill men … abone ane hunder in number
a 1660 Sempill P. 12/183.
For Judas one, each Pope may compt five hunder
(3) 1385 Red Bk. Grandtully I. 139*.
The yher … a thowsand thre hundyr fourscor and fyve
1405 Maxwell Mem. 145.
A thousand four hundrez and the fyfft
1421 Douglas Chart. 58.
A thowzand four hundr [sic ] twenti and ane
1438 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 49.
The yeir … a thousand four hundre and acht and threty yere
1511 Wemyss Chart. 129.
A thowsand fyf hwnder and alewyn yeiris
1536 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 222.
A thowsand fywe hundyre [etc.]
(b) 1388 Douglas Chart 33.
The yeir of wr Lord a thvsand thre hondir achty and acht
1416 Maxwell Mem. I. 141.
A thowsand four honder and sexten
1423 Chart. (Reg. H.) No. 259.
A thousand four honder tuenti thre ȝere
(c) 1397 (14..) Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 166.
The yeir … a thousand thre hvnyr nynty seven
1400 Maxwell Mem. I. 139.
A thousand and four hunir
(d) c1420 Wynt. vi. 2357 (C).
A hyndyr and foure scoyr of ȝhere Thir nyne kyngis regnande weyre

b. In the collocation hunder ȝere, = a century.(1) c1420 Wynt. i. 263.
Adam murnyd a hundyr yhere [etc.]
Ib. vii. 359.
Saynt Margretys body a hundyr ybere Lay befor the rwd awtere
a1500 Henr. Bludy Serk i.
This hundir ȝeir I hard be tald Thair was a worthy king
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 465.
Hutit be the halok las a hunder ȝeir of eild
(2) c1420 Wynt. i. 389.
Sex hundyr yhere quhen he was awld
Ib. v. 1212 (A).
This was eftyre fyve hundyre yeire
c1475 Wall. i. 126.
Scwne, … Quhar kingis was cround viij hundyr ȝer and mar
1567 G. Ball. 185.
And euer this was the blating of our queir, … this xv hunder ȝeir
(3) 1596 Dalr. I. 46/24.
Litle Johne, departed bot the space of thrie hundir ȝeirs

c. In the plur. form. c1420 Wynt. viii. 1.
A thowsand yhere and hundrys twa, Foure score and the sext to tha
?1438 Alex. i. 2593.
With that baith hunders and thousandis War about Betys
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i. 544.
Quhair hunders wount your faders to counoye, Now will ȝe ryde with ane man and ane boye
1567 Sat. P. iii. 126.
Ȝe knaw ȝour cryme is wors … Nor hunders twa of sicklis [= shekels] siluer fyne

2. a. = One hundred and twenty. 1501 Treas. Acc. II. 42.
For jc elne carsay … , reknand sex score for the hundir of rede and grene

b. Short hunder, the usual hundred, in contrast to the long hundred (120). 1690 New Port Glasgow Customs MS. 12 b.
Three boundells of lining cloath contining tuo thousand four houndreth ells shortt hunders

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Hundir num.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST: