A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.
Into, †In to, prep. Also: yn to, inne to. [e.m.E., ME., OE., in to, into (from c 1540 only into). Cf. Intill. prep.]
A. a. So as to enter or be put in (a place or thing). b. In figurative uses. c. As far as.d. On to, to. e. On to, to, with, in non-material uses. Rare in older Sc., in which intill is commonly used.a. 1375 Barb. x. 605.
Thai clam in to the crykis c1420 Wynt. viii. 6478.
Swne efftyr thai Held downwart in to the town thare way c1475 Wall. i. 209.
Into the toun he wsyt everilk day 1501 Treas. Acc. II. 62.
For ane creil to turs thaim [chalices] in to Strivelin a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 275.
Peter and Johnne he send into ciete A place to grath 1548 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 141.
That thai sall be putt in to the govis and thar haldin sex houris 1570 Leslie 30.
The Quene … desiret the King of Scotland to … cum into Ingland Ib. 37.
It was ordanit that … ambassidouris suld be sent into Denmark 1640 Misc. Abbotsf. C. I. 165.
Which stones being thus put into the said waterb. 1375 Barb. xiii. 399.
Sum war in-to handis tane Ib. xx. 399.
[He] delt thame [his forces] in-to battellis thre a1400 Leg. S. xxi. 620.
The tratoure, I of tel, In-to the gyrne he mad, syne fel c1400 Troy-bk. i. 408.
Scho couth turne in-to myrknes light a1500 Rauf C. 90.
Into sic talk fell thay c1500-c1512 Dunb. xii. 34.
Vertew returnis in-to vyce, And honour in-to avaryce Ib. xxv. 90.
Cum ... Into the blis that we are in 1587 Waus. Corr. II. 395.
I wilbie constrenit to put handis into him, quhilk I wald be leithe to do 1687 Shields Hind Let Loose 86.
This was a bold beginning, into which they were animated with more than human resolutionc. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 214.
Fra paradice into the pilleris of hercules 1676 Cunningham Diary 81.
Sent into Pasley post with a letter to Edin.d. a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 703.
In-to the floure than done fel Ie. 1375 Barb. i. 625.
In to borwch draw I Myn herytage 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 34.
[To] led in to wyfe a dochteyr of our lord the Kyngys 1393 Ib. No. 26.
[To] enfef ... in to fourty markys wrth of land 1393 Ib. No. 28.
Claime ... in to the superiorite or to the saide lande 1380 Ib. No. 3.
Helpare ... in to the recoveryn of the landis
B. 1. a. In (a place or some part of one).(1) 1375 Barb. iv. 17.
Crystoll off Seytoun In-to London betresyt was Ib. viii. 123.
The king lay into Galstoun ?1438 Alex. ii. 59.
For my brothir, … The quhilk was into Gaderis slane 1456 Hay I. 41/32.
Thare was a custume into Rome, maid be the senatouris c1475 Wall. viii. 895.
His dewyllyk deid he did in to Scotland c1515 Asl. MS. I. 185/9.
The King of Athenis into Grece a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 281.
Wallace gart cry ane counsale in to Perth 1513 Doug. xi. xiii. 92.
Into the Mont Appenynns dwelt he 1535 Stewart 27007.
The fair ladie … Into Britane that tyme scho buir the bell 15.. Clar. v. 2356.
Ȝit fand I never thy peir into no land a1570-86 Maitl. F. xxxiv. 27.
Thair is mony Adamis now and Ewis into this land 1627 Bk. Carlaverock II. 89.
I houp that ȝour Lordship sall find into this shyr … sufficient stor of men(2) a1500 Henr. III. 156/1.
In to this mortall se, Quhilk is the vaill of mvrning and of cair 1535 Stewart 15251.
Sen he had wyn into the orient Sic victorie Id. Bann. MS. 140 b/49.
Ȝour girnand god … In to this warld mott wirk ȝow wa(3) ?1438 Alex. ii. 4794.
Quhare he allane was prayand into tempil Dyane 1428 Liber Melros 519.
I syttand as iuge in to the suylȝe of Halsyngstone 1456 Wemyss Chart. 78.
In to the parische kirk of Perth, apone the hee auter of the samyne a1500 Rauf C. 673.
Thair was ane hailsum harbery, Into riche steid 1492 Myll Spect. 280/26.
Into the quhilk tempill Parys … was hyd in buschement 1535 Stewart 44356.
Mony revar into glak and glen 1560 Rolland Seven S. 10215.
The laith lipper quhilk sat into my haw Ib. 10239.
Sa was he not that sat into the flure 1564 St. A. Kirk S. 218.
In thair beddis into ane owtschot of … Thomsonis hows 1573 Edinb. Test. III. 18 b.
My body to be graffit in to my paroch kirk 1629 Boyd Last B. 390.
Were it not expedient that your corps lye into the church 1637 Misc. Spald. C. V. 226.
[The fuel] salbe … giwin into the said bairnes chalmerer into the college(4) 1375 Barb. i. 602.
The kyng sat into parleament Ib. ii. 357.
Men mycht haiff seyn in-to that thrang Knychtis that … hardy war 1468 Lindores Abbey 163.
For the wrangus accusyn of the ballȝe in to the lords curt 1492 Myll Spect. 297/15.
Venus … gaif me thre gyftis, lyk as scho dois to all thaim that contynewis in to hyr cowrt a1568 Scott i. 161.
Foirgifanis grant … till all into ȝour parliament
b. In or within (something of a material nature).(1) c1420 Wynt. v. 1944.
This spyryte that spak in to the brest off this wode preste a1500 Doug. K. Hart 356.
Fayr calling gaif hir drink in to ane glas 1535 Stewart 12168.
Drownit in to the fame Ib. 29501.
He … wes bettin to the bone Into his syid Ib. 55907.
Scho … had lever … into his armes ly 15.. Clar. ii. 573.
Scho … wald ly Into hir wairdrop that nicht 1572 Bann. Memor. 276.
Thei salbe snaired into the gyrne thei lay out for vtheris 1584 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 107.
Ane four nukkit taiblat with ane blak stane into it 1660 S. Ronaldshay 30.
Kathareen … did give her something lyk ground salt into ane cloute(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 278.
In to arsk hare he wes clede c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxi. 31.
Is non so armit in-to plait That can fra truble him debait Ib. xxx. 35.
I haif in to thy habeit maid gud cheir 1535 Stewart 7211.
The Romanis war sa weill graithit into geir(3) 1385 3rd Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 410/2.
The Curt … decretyt that the lande … aucht to dwell yn to Sir Patrick's Grayis handis ?1438 Alex. i. 206.
I hope neuir to hald of land Ane akirbreid in to my hand 1571 Sat. P. xxvii. 60.
How thai did the word of God awance Fra the Newhawin thay gatt into thair hand
c. With personal object. 1375 Barb. viii. 396.
Into Schyr Alexander Fraser He traistyt c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 873.
Eneas was ameved sua Inne-to hym-seluen c1500-c1512 Dunb. ix. 70.
To Thy auld serwandis haff E That lang hes lipnit into thé1535 Stewart 12413.
2. With abstract nouns.(1) 1375 Barb. xiv. 354.
To leit it [the water] out in to the nicht c1400 Troy-bk. i. 546.
Thane tok the sonne in to that houre Eclyps Ib. 2711.
Eftir in to short quhyle 1389 Wemyss Chart. 23.
Into tyme to cum eftyrwart a1570-86 Steel Maitl. F. xli. 1.
In to the ring of the roy Robert 1535 Stewart 13876.
The foull vices he vsit in to his eild Ib. 35457.
King Ethilstone into the tyme wes deid Ib. 59920.
Moir misrewll wes neuir … into na mannis dais c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1948.
Of weris … the gret outtrage Began in to the secunde aige c1552 Ib. 4645.
Quho that eitis flesche in to Lent a1570-86 Maitl. F. xv. 5.
Now in to this new ȝeir a1585 Maitl. Q. xvi. 9.
Ane Heroid rang into thay ȝeiris c1590 James VI in c1590 Fowler I. 18/6.
So Homer was … into his learned dayes(2) a1400 Leg. S. i. 175.
Of Clemens in the story … In to the tende chapitere 1389 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 16.
As it is contenyt … in to the chartrys c1420 Wynt. viii. 436.
Custum[s] … That ar wryttyn in to the lawis 1492 Myll Spect. 272/6.
To be had in to our wulgar and matarnall toung 1513 Doug. xi. Prol. 68.
Christ into his gospel says 1567 G. Ball. 1.
Quhan they heir it sung into thair vulgar toung 1632 Dundonald Par. Rec. 341.
William Youge gave in into ane severall bill ane eik to his former complaint(3) 1375 Barb. i. 468.
The Machaheys That … fawcht in to mony stalwart stour Ib. vi. 432.
Thair capitane Wes thair in to the bargane slane c1420 Wynt. ii. 1173.
Haylstanys gryt in to that flycht Sa hewy … can lycht ?1438 Alex. i. 2171.
How the gle is gane With thame into that great melle Ib. ii. 3252.
Emynidus was of body worthy and wicht, And wonder forsy into ficht 1625 Garden Sc. Kings 6.
He … those in veneratioun hild That then war known in to that calling skil'd(4) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1466.
Inne-to hys hert he was full wo a1500 Lanc. 1228.
In to hir mynd thinking to and fro 1530 Lennox Mun. 215.
Gilbert Legȝeit, … haill into mynd 1535 Stewart 18287.
Ane [thing] … I haif into my mynd(5) 1375 Barb. i. 109.
In-to swylk thryllage thaim held he Ib. iii. 730.
In-to sic quantite Ib. xx. 54.
xx thousand pund ... Of syluir in-to gud monay c1400 Troy-bk. i. 592.
Perfyt in astronomye And ek in-to gramancye Ib. ii. 338.
Thyne ayres may inne-to ryches habounde c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 315.
Mercy in to womanheid is a mekle vertu 1546 Lynd. Trag. Card. 408.
Uirginis profest in to religioun 1585 James VI Ess. 25.
Her. .mouth resembled into sound The daunce harmonious
3. Occasionally substituted for the usual in in certain collocations or common phrases.The following examples of this are arranged in the alphabetic order of the noun. 1513 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 144.
That na swyne … be haldin but into band c1500-c1512 Dunb. xviii. 51.
I sall … Keip his command into that case 1375 Barb. xvii. 50.
That this trane Wes spokin in to sic certane c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2135.
Thus was he slane in to certane 1389 Slater Sc. Texts No. 16.
Of renerand faddrys in to Christ a1500 Lanc. 3018.
In to contynent 1375 Barb. vi. 528.
He held him in to cowert ay 1461 Liber Plusc. 398.
The … communis that thon has in to cure a1400 Leg. S. v. 527.
As in-to custum he had ay 1375 Barb. xii. 159.
All ran in to gret dantee c1420 Wynt. v. 1948.
As in to deyd thar efftyre fell c1475 Wall. ix. 998.
Sewart went … with ix scor in to deid a1500 Quare Jel. 156.
Writt Of jelouse folk sum thing in to dispitt 1375 Barb. iii. 412.
And thai war in-to dout alsuac1550 Lynd. Meldrum 95.
The admirail … set Craigfergus into fyre 1425 Coll. Aberd. & B. 524.
Greting into God 1375 Barb. xx. 139.
[To] haue thame in-to gouernyng c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 482.
The which thingis … Inne to all hast they gert be done Ib. 1081.
Scho in-to lyf beand 1631 Bk. Carlaverock II. 46.
Both into thair lyves and thair goodis c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1436.
Myght nocht ganstand in-to no thing c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 34.
Bostaris … passit in to pairis 1556 Lauder Off. Kings 631.
In to gude part tak it weil 1375 Barb. v. 115.
Then cesit in to party The noyis c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2241.
Tharfor the towne Was in to pece 1461 Liber Plusc. 394.
With speciale counsale in to privaté 1375 Barb. ii. 559.
That we May thair ariffe in to saufte Ib. iii. 686.
Gret stremys ... Till our-saile thaim in-to schip-fair c1600 Montg. Suppl. v. 9.
I call thé king bott in to s[c]ourne c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 350.
I gert the renȝeis ... rif in to sondir Ib. 156 (Ch. & M.).
Lif to leid in to lell spousage c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2986.
In-to swoun 1570 Sat. P. xiii. 211.
In to respect of this foule tratorie 1524-5 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 74.
[They] sal be into ane unlawe 1482 Reg. Morton II. 247.
In to wante & falȝheing of my service 1375 Barb. iv. 173.
To be in-to the Kyngis will 1389 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 16.
In to wytnes of the qwhylk thyng c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 833.
Eccuba in-to wodnes
4. Placed at the end of a relative clause. Cf. Intill B. 1. f.
Also, at the end of a phrase. 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 347.
The said bailyie, quha sall … try quhat seiknes that persoun deyet into 1595 Edinb. Test. XXIX. 7.
He ordaneis … the rest of hir claythtis to his dochter … and the kist that thai ly into 1599 Rollock Wks. I. 301.
Thir visibill thingis that men hes sa great pleasure into 1602 Colville Parænese 2.
In as vofull … case as the Israelites wer into whenas thay fled from Egypt c1615 Chron. Kings 165.
They schaikis him out of the claithis quhilk he wes gangand doune into 1654-6 Gray Gospel Call 5.
Any city of refuge to hide thee into from Christ 1658 Campbell Balmerino 409.
The hous … free and sufficent for dwelling into a1681 Cargill Lect. & Serm. 6.
The work ... he imploys himself into
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