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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Into, †In to, prep. Also: yn to, inne to. [e.m.E., ME., OE., in to, into (from c 1540 only into). Cf. Intill. prep.]

A. a. So as to enter or be put in (a place or thing). b. In figurative uses. c. As far as.d. On to, to. e. On to, to, with, in non-material uses. Rare in older Sc., in which intill is commonly used.a. 1375 Barb. x. 605.
Thai clam in to the crykis
c1420 Wynt. viii. 6478.
Swne efftyr thai Held downwart in to the town thare way
c1475 Wall. i. 209.
Into the toun he wsyt everilk day
1501 Treas. Acc. II. 62.
For ane creil to turs thaim [chalices] in to Strivelin
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 275.
Peter and Johnne he send into ciete A place to grath
1548 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 141.
That thai sall be putt in to the govis and thar haldin sex houris
1570 Leslie 30.
The Quene … desiret the King of Scotland to … cum into Ingland
Ib. 37.
It was ordanit that … ambassidouris suld be sent into Denmark
1640 Misc. Abbotsf. C. I. 165.
Which stones being thus put into the said water
b. 1375 Barb. xiii. 399.
Sum war in-to handis tane
Ib. xx. 399.
[He] delt thame [his forces] in-to battellis thre
a1400 Leg. S. xxi. 620.
The tratoure, I of tel, In-to the gyrne he mad, syne fel
c1400 Troy-bk. i. 408.
Scho couth turne in-to myrknes light
a1500 Rauf C. 90.
Into sic talk fell thay
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xii. 34.
Vertew returnis in-to vyce, And honour in-to avaryce
Ib. xxv. 90.
Cum ... Into the blis that we are in
1587 Waus. Corr. II. 395.
I wilbie constrenit to put handis into him, quhilk I wald be leithe to do
1687 Shields Hind Let Loose 86.
This was a bold beginning, into which they were animated with more than human resolution
c. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 214.
Fra paradice into the pilleris of hercules
1676 Cunningham Diary 81.
Sent into Pasley post with a letter to Edin.
d. a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 703.
In-to the floure than done fel I
e. 1375 Barb. i. 625.
In to borwch draw I Myn herytage
1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 34.
[To] led in to wyfe a dochteyr of our lord the Kyngys
1393 Ib. No. 26.
[To] enfef ... in to fourty markys wrth of land
1393 Ib. No. 28.
Claime ... in to the superiorite or to the saide lande
1380 Ib. No. 3.
Helpare ... in to the recoveryn of the landis

B. 1. a. In (a place or some part of one).(1) 1375 Barb. iv. 17.
Crystoll off Seytoun In-to London betresyt was
Ib. viii. 123.
The king lay into Galstoun
?1438 Alex. ii. 59.
For my brothir, … The quhilk was into Gaderis slane
1456 Hay I. 41/32.
Thare was a custume into Rome, maid be the senatouris
c1475 Wall. viii. 895.
His dewyllyk deid he did in to Scotland
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 185/9.
The King of Athenis into Grece
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 281.
Wallace gart cry ane counsale in to Perth
1513 Doug. xi. xiii. 92.
Into the Mont Appenynns dwelt he
1535 Stewart 27007.
The fair ladie … Into Britane that tyme scho buir the bell
15.. Clar. v. 2356.
Ȝit fand I never thy peir into no land
a1570-86 Maitl. F. xxxiv. 27.
Thair is mony Adamis now and Ewis into this land
1627 Bk. Carlaverock II. 89.
I houp that ȝour Lordship sall find into this shyr … sufficient stor of men
(2) a1500 Henr. III. 156/1.
In to this mortall se, Quhilk is the vaill of mvrning and of cair
1535 Stewart 15251.
Sen he had wyn into the orient Sic victorie
Id. Bann. MS. 140 b/49.
Ȝour girnand god … In to this warld mott wirk ȝow wa
(3) ?1438 Alex. ii. 4794.
Quhare he allane was prayand into tempil Dyane
1428 Liber Melros 519.
I syttand as iuge in to the suylȝe of Halsyngstone
1456 Wemyss Chart. 78.
In to the parische kirk of Perth, apone the hee auter of the samyne
a1500 Rauf C. 673.
Thair was ane hailsum harbery, Into riche steid
1492 Myll Spect. 280/26.
Into the quhilk tempill Parys … was hyd in buschement
1535 Stewart 44356.
Mony revar into glak and glen
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10215.
The laith lipper quhilk sat into my haw
Ib. 10239.
Sa was he not that sat into the flure
1564 St. A. Kirk S. 218.
In thair beddis into ane owtschot of … Thomsonis hows
1573 Edinb. Test. III. 18 b.
My body to be graffit in to my paroch kirk
1629 Boyd Last B. 390.
Were it not expedient that your corps lye into the church
1637 Misc. Spald. C. V. 226.
[The fuel] salbe … giwin into the said bairnes chalmerer into the college
(4) 1375 Barb. i. 602.
The kyng sat into parleament
Ib. ii. 357.
Men mycht haiff seyn in-to that thrang Knychtis that … hardy war
1468 Lindores Abbey 163.
For the wrangus accusyn of the ballȝe in to the lords curt
1492 Myll Spect. 297/15.
Venus … gaif me thre gyftis, lyk as scho dois to all thaim that contynewis in to hyr cowrt
a1568 Scott i. 161.
Foirgifanis grant … till all into ȝour parliament

b. In or within (something of a material nature).(1) c1420 Wynt. v. 1944.
This spyryte that spak in to the brest off this wode preste
a1500 Doug. K. Hart 356.
Fayr calling gaif hir drink in to ane glas
1535 Stewart 12168.
Drownit in to the fame
Ib. 29501.
He … wes bettin to the bone Into his syid
Ib. 55907.
Scho … had lever … into his armes ly
15.. Clar. ii. 573.
Scho … wald ly Into hir wairdrop that nicht
1572 Bann. Memor. 276.
Thei salbe snaired into the gyrne thei lay out for vtheris
1584 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 107.
Ane four nukkit taiblat with ane blak stane into it
1660 S. Ronaldshay 30.
Kathareen … did give her something lyk ground salt into ane cloute
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 278.
In to arsk hare he wes clede
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxi. 31.
Is non so armit in-to plait That can fra truble him debait
Ib. xxx. 35.
I haif in to thy habeit maid gud cheir
1535 Stewart 7211.
The Romanis war sa weill graithit into geir
(3) 1385 3rd Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 410/2.
The Curt … decretyt that the lande … aucht to dwell yn to Sir Patrick's Grayis handis
?1438 Alex. i. 206.
I hope neuir to hald of land Ane akirbreid in to my hand
1571 Sat. P. xxvii. 60.
How thai did the word of God awance Fra the Newhawin thay gatt into thair hand

c. With personal object. 1375 Barb. viii. 396.
Into Schyr Alexander Fraser He traistyt
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 873.
Eneas was ameved sua Inne-to hym-seluen
c1500-c1512 Dunb. ix. 70.
To Thy auld serwandis haff E That lang hes lipnit into thé
1535 Stewart 12413.

2. With abstract nouns.(1) 1375 Barb. xiv. 354.
To leit it [the water] out in to the nicht
c1400 Troy-bk. i. 546.
Thane tok the sonne in to that houre Eclyps
Ib. 2711.
Eftir in to short quhyle
1389 Wemyss Chart. 23.
Into tyme to cum eftyrwart
a1570-86 Steel Maitl. F. xli. 1.
In to the ring of the roy Robert
1535 Stewart 13876.
The foull vices he vsit in to his eild
Ib. 35457.
King Ethilstone into the tyme wes deid
Ib. 59920.
Moir misrewll wes neuir … into na mannis dais
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1948.
Of weris … the gret outtrage Began in to the secunde aige
c1552 Ib. 4645.
Quho that eitis flesche in to Lent
a1570-86 Maitl. F. xv. 5.
Now in to this new ȝeir
a1585 Maitl. Q. xvi. 9.
Ane Heroid rang into thay ȝeiris
c1590 James VI in c1590 Fowler I. 18/6.
So Homer was … into his learned dayes
(2) a1400 Leg. S. i. 175.
Of Clemens in the story … In to the tende chapitere
1389 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 16.
As it is contenyt … in to the chartrys
c1420 Wynt. viii. 436.
Custum[s] … That ar wryttyn in to the lawis
1492 Myll Spect. 272/6.
To be had in to our wulgar and matarnall toung
1513 Doug. xi. Prol. 68.
Christ into his gospel says
1567 G. Ball. 1.
Quhan they heir it sung into thair vulgar toung
1632 Dundonald Par. Rec. 341.
William Youge gave in into ane severall bill ane eik to his former complaint
(3) 1375 Barb. i. 468.
The Machaheys That … fawcht in to mony stalwart stour
Ib. vi. 432.
Thair capitane Wes thair in to the bargane slane
c1420 Wynt. ii. 1173.
Haylstanys gryt in to that flycht Sa hewy … can lycht
?1438 Alex. i. 2171.
How the gle is gane With thame into that great melle
Ib. ii. 3252.
Emynidus was of body worthy and wicht, And wonder forsy into ficht
1625 Garden Sc. Kings 6.
He … those in veneratioun hild That then war known in to that calling skil'd
(4) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1466.
Inne-to hys hert he was full wo
a1500 Lanc. 1228.
In to hir mynd thinking to and fro
1530 Lennox Mun. 215.
Gilbert Legȝeit, … haill into mynd
1535 Stewart 18287.
Ane [thing] … I haif into my mynd
(5) 1375 Barb. i. 109.
In-to swylk thryllage thaim held he
Ib. iii. 730.
In-to sic quantite
Ib. xx. 54.
xx thousand pund ... Of syluir in-to gud monay
c1400 Troy-bk. i. 592.
Perfyt in astronomye And ek in-to gramancye
Ib. ii. 338.
Thyne ayres may inne-to ryches habounde
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 315.
Mercy in to womanheid is a mekle vertu
1546 Lynd. Trag. Card. 408.
Uirginis profest in to religioun
1585 James VI Ess. 25.
Her. .mouth resembled into sound The daunce harmonious

3. Occasionally substituted for the usual in in certain collocations or common phrases.The following examples of this are arranged in the alphabetic order of the noun. 1513 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 144.
That na swyne … be haldin but into band
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xviii. 51.
I sall … Keip his command into that case
1375 Barb. xvii. 50.
That this trane Wes spokin in to sic certane
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2135.
Thus was he slane in to certane
1389 Slater Sc. Texts No. 16.
Of renerand faddrys in to Christ
a1500 Lanc. 3018.
In to contynent
1375 Barb. vi. 528.
He held him in to cowert ay
1461 Liber Plusc. 398.
The … communis that thon has in to cure
a1400 Leg. S. v. 527.
As in-to custum he had ay
1375 Barb. xii. 159.
All ran in to gret dantee
c1420 Wynt. v. 1948.
As in to deyd thar efftyre fell
c1475 Wall. ix. 998.
Sewart went … with ix scor in to deid
a1500 Quare Jel. 156.
Writt Of jelouse folk sum thing in to dispitt
1375 Barb. iii. 412.
And thai war in-to dout alsua
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 95.
The admirail … set Craigfergus into fyre
1425 Coll. Aberd. & B. 524.
Greting into God
1375 Barb. xx. 139.
[To] haue thame in-to gouernyng
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 482.
The which thingis … Inne to all hast they gert be done
Ib. 1081.
Scho in-to lyf beand
1631 Bk. Carlaverock II. 46.
Both into thair lyves and thair goodis
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1436.
Myght nocht ganstand in-to no thing
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 34.
Bostaris … passit in to pairis
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 631.
In to gude part tak it weil
1375 Barb. v. 115.
Then cesit in to party The noyis
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2241.
Tharfor the towne Was in to pece
1461 Liber Plusc. 394.
With speciale counsale in to privaté
1375 Barb. ii. 559.
That we May thair ariffe in to saufte
Ib. iii. 686.
Gret stremys ... Till our-saile thaim in-to schip-fair
c1600 Montg. Suppl. v. 9.
I call thé king bott in to s[c]ourne
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 350.
I gert the renȝeis ... rif in to sondir
Ib. 156 (Ch. & M.).
Lif to leid in to lell spousage
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2986.
In-to swoun
1570 Sat. P. xiii. 211.
In to respect of this foule tratorie
1524-5 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 74.
[They] sal be into ane unlawe
1482 Reg. Morton II. 247.
In to wante & falȝheing of my service
1375 Barb. iv. 173.
To be in-to the Kyngis will
1389 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 16.
In to wytnes of the qwhylk thyng
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 833.
Eccuba in-to wodnes

4. Placed at the end of a relative clause. Cf. Intill B. 1. f. Also, at the end of a phrase. 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 347.
The said bailyie, quha sall … try quhat seiknes that persoun deyet into
1595 Edinb. Test. XXIX. 7.
He ordaneis … the rest of hir claythtis to his dochter … and the kist that thai ly into
1599 Rollock Wks. I. 301.
Thir visibill thingis that men hes sa great pleasure into
1602 Colville Parænese 2.
In as vofull … case as the Israelites wer into whenas thay fled from Egypt
c1615 Chron. Kings 165.
They schaikis him out of the claithis quhilk he wes gangand doune into
1654-6 Gray Gospel Call 5.
Any city of refuge to hide thee into from Christ
1658 Campbell Balmerino 409.
The hous … free and sufficent for dwelling into
a1681 Cargill Lect. & Serm. 6.
The work ... he imploys himself into

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"Into prep.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Dec 2022 <>



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