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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Latin(e, a. and n. Also: -yn(e, lattin(e; lating, -yng; laten(e, -ein(e, -een, latteine; laittine, laiting, laytene. [ME. (13th c.) latyn, -in, F. latin, L. Latīnus.]

A. adj. 1. Latin (people, country); of Latium.Prisk Latyne pepill, see Prisk a. c1400 Troy-bk. i. 4.
Quhilk is a man of Latyn land Besyd a Grek
Ib. 7.
Latyn men
1513 Doug. vi. xv. 106.
The pepill … in Latyn land
Ib. vii. vi. 136.
All Latyn wyfis harkis now to me
Ib. xi. xi. 122; etc.
The Latyn feildis

2. Pertaining to, characteristic of or written in the Latin language or designating this language.(1) a1400 Leg. S. i. 2.
Peter … In Latine leid that is a stane
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. ii. 26.
Historyis greit in Latine toung and Grew
1533 Bell. Livy I. 65/7.
Mony of thame vnderstude the Latyne toung as colonys of Romanis
1549 Compl. 17/9.
Oure Scottis tong is nocht sa copeus as is the Lateen tong
1596 Dalr. I. 85/11.
The Latine toung … in the kirke was ay commoune
1619 Garden Elphinston 2021.
Ane learned in humanitie Into the Latine towng
1622-6 Bisset I. 88/20.
Faithfullie translated out of Lating or Romane tung into vulgare Scottis langaige
1669 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 178.
To educat … the childrein … in the Scottisch vulgar and Latine toung relateing to ane grammer schooll
(b) c1420 Ratis R. 1524.
Thir wordis ware his ypitaf In Laiting twng
(2) c1475 Wall. v. 540.
He was the man … That fyrst compild … the Latyne buk Off Wallace lyff
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 217 b.
And gif the redere doutis that I lie, Behauld into the Latene buik and se
1567 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 202.
The psalmes of David with the Inglis and Latine catechismes
1620 Banff Ann. II. 167.
To … instruct the youthe … in the Latin and Greik graummers
1628 Edinb. Test. LIV. 266.
Certane Ingillis, Lateine & Dutche buikis
1645 Ib. LXI. 152.
Psalme buikes and sume Latteine bookes
1672 Foulis Acc. Bk. 6.
For a … gramar and Latin catechise to Archie
(3) 1535 Stewart 30840.
In Latyng letteris and in dowbill forme Tha wrait it
1621-40 Melville Commonpl. Bk. 27.
Ane psalme book in four pairts in print … . Ane four pairts plain in wreitt with Lattin letters

b. quasi-adj., properly attrib. uses of B 2.(1) c1552 Lynd. Mon. 582.
Romanis … Maid Latyne scolis … That thare language mycht be ouer all commoun
1614 Edinb. B. Rec. VI. 115.
The bayrnis of the Latyne and vulgare scholes
1679 Musselburgh 72.
Mr James Provane, master of the Latine Schooll
1680 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 389.
His Majesties Privie Councill … [discharges] all privat Lattine schoolls
1687 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 311.
I was born at Edenr, Dec. 7th, 1657, and … was educatt att the Latine school
(2) 1629 S. Leith Rec. 18.
No doctor ather for the Latine or Inglish bairnes
1660 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. XXXV. 144.
Anent ane Latyne doctor
(3) 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 688.
The Quenis Grace Latin secretare … Said to himself [etc.]

3. Applied to the Latin or western branch of the Catholic Church as opposed to the Greek Orthodox. 1581 Burne Cath. Tr. 160/6.
Tua horribil beastis acknauledgit be the kirk Catholik … The ane is Mahometis in the Greik impyre, the vther Martin Lauter in the Latine impyre

B. n. 1. A Latin, an inhabitant or native of Latium. Cf. A 1.Prisk Latin, see Prisk a. c1515 Asl. MS. I. 324/26.
Phawny god of Latynis, Quiryn god of Romanis
1533 Bell. Livy I. 223/21, etc.
The Latinis
1596 Dalr. I. 2/18.
Brutus the sone of Siluius Posthumus King of the Latines

2. The Latin language.Kitchin Latin, see Kichin(g n. 3 b.(a) 1375 Barb. iv. 261.
This is the sentens off the saw, That he in Latyne can hir schaw
1400 Red Bk. Menteith I. 171.
Mervaille yhe nocht that I write my lettres in Englis fore that ys mare clere to myne vnderstandyng than Latyne ore Fraunche
c1420 Wynt. i. Prol. 44 (W).
Gif clerkis bring thaim to knawlage Off the Latyne in our langage
1456 Hay I. 222/30.
The quhilkis clerkis had all langagis, bathe Ebrew, Greic, and Latine
1496 Acts II. 238/1.
That all barronis and frehaldaris … put thair eldest sonnis … to the sculis … quhill thai … haue perfite Latyne
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 117.
Me behufyt quhilum … Sum bastard Latyn, Franch or Inglys oys, Quhar scant was Scottis
c1540 Lynd. Kitteis Conf. 43.
Mekle Latyne he did mummill
c1552 Id. Mon. 579.
Quhen Romanis rang … The ornat Latyne wes thare propir leid
c 1554 Misc. Bann. C. II. 30.
For we culd not find in Latine sick ane word as Harbargary
a1578 Pitsc. I. 249/8.
The hollie bischope … was not ane goode scollar and had not goode Lattine
Ib. 349/18.
My parochinaris … understud na Lattin
c 1628 Edinb. B. Rec. VII. 291.
That they [students of Edinburgh] speik Latine both in the scoolles [etc.] … and that none be fund speiking Scottes
(b) a1538 Abell 1 b.
I haif translatit [this book], … puttand all in Ynglis that Lating reportis
1622-6 Bisset II. 176/7.
Quhilk treateis he caused to be imprinted in Scottis langaige, … compyled and publisched lang of befoir in Lating
(c) 1549 Compl. 17/8.
It is necessair at sum tyme til myxt oure langage vitht part of termis dreuyn fra Lateen
1559 Reg. Privy S. V. i. 144/1.
Ane Instructioun for Bairnis to be lernit in Scotis and Latene
1574 Treas. Acc. MS. 348.
1 dictonar in Latene & Frence
1620 Wedderburn Compt Bk. 73.
Send my Hector Boethis in Laten weill bund … to be sauld
1622 Misc. Bann. C. III. 200.
iiijc bund buiks of Devinitie in Lateine
c1650 Spalding I. 54.
He speikis vpone Latein to Leonard Leslie
1640 Dundonald Par. Rec. 465.
They who learns Latein most have a peice … to say everie morning
(d) 15.. Newbattle Chart. MS. (Reg. H.).
This is the iust cowpe drawin out of Laytene
1627 Edinb. B. Rec. VII. 25.
To caus his studentis once in the oulk privatlie to exercise in Laittine

3. A scholar of Latin, a Latinist. 1513 Doug. i. Prol. 127.
The worthy clerk hecht Lawrens of the Vaill, Amang Latynys [E. the Latynis] a gret patron sans faill

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"Latin adj., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Feb 2023 <>



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